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Refractory Ceramic Fiber Study Publications

If you would like a copy of any of these papers, please contact Tim Hilbert via phone (513) 558-0228, email at Tim.Hilbert@uc.edu, or in writing at the following address: Tim Hilbert, University of Cincinnati, MSB G259 (ML 0056), 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0056


  1. Cornett MJ, Rice C, Hertzberg VS, Lockey JE.  Assessment of Fiber Deposition on the Conductive Sampling Cowl in the Refractory Ceramic Fiber Industry.  Ap­plied Industrial Hygiene, 1989; 4(8):201-204.
  2. Breysse, P.N.; Rice, C.; Aubourg, P.; Komoroski, M.; Kalinowski, M.; Versen, R.; Woodson, J.; Carlton, R.; Lees, P.S.J.: Cowl Rinsing Procedure for Airborne Fiber Sampling. Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg, 1990; 5:619-622.
  3. LeMasters G, Lockey J, Rice C, McKay R, Hansen K, Lu J, Levin L, Gartside P.  Radio­graphic Changes Among Workers Manufacturing Refractory Ceramic Fibre and Products.  Ann Occup Hyg  1994; 38 (Supplement 1):745-751.
  4. Rice C, Lockey J, LeMasters G, Dimos J, Gartside P.  Assessment of Current Fibre and Silica Exposure in the U.S. Refractory Ceramic Fibre Manufacturing Industry.  Ann Occup Hyg  1994; 38 (Supplement 1):739-744.
  5. Leikauf GD, Fink SP, Miller ML, Lockey JE, Driscoll KE.  Refractory Ceramic Fibers Activate Alveolar Macrophage Eicosanoid and Cytokine Release.  J Appl Physiol  1995; 78(1):164-171.
  6. Rice C, Lockey J, LeMasters G, Levin L,Gartside P. Identification of Changes in Airborne Fibre Concentration in Refractory Ceramic Fibre Manufacture related to Process or Ventilation Modifications.  Occup Hyg 1996; 3:85-90.
  7. Lockey J, LeMasters G, Rice C, Hansen K, Levin L, Shipley R, Spitz H, Wiot J.  Refractory Ceramic Fiber Exposure and Pleural Plaques.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med  1996; 154:1405-1410.
  8. Rice CH, Lockey JE, LeMasters GK, Levin LL, Staley P, Hansen KR. Estimation of Historical and Current Employee Exposure to Refractory Ceramic Fibers During Manufacturing and Related Operations. Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1997; 12(1): 54-61.
  9. Hall GS, Rice CH, Lockey JE, LeMasters GK, Gartside PS.  A Comparison of Exposures to Refractory Ceramic Fibers Over Multiple Shifts.  Ann Occup Hyg  1997; 41(5):555-560.
  10. Buchta TM, Rice CR. Lockey JE, LeMasters GK, Gartside PS.  A Comparative Study of the NIOSH 7400 "A" and "B" Counting Rules using Refractory Ceramic Fiber. Appl. Occup. Environ. Hyg 1998;13(1):58-61.
  11. Lockey JE, Levin LS, LeMasters GK, McKay RT, Rice CH, Hansen KR, Papes DM, Simpson S, Medvedovic M.  Longitudinal Estimates of Pulmonary Function in Refractory Ceramic Fiber Manufacturing Workers.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med  1998; 157:1226-1233.
  12. LeMasters GK, Lockey JE, Levin LL, McKay RT, Rice CH, Horvath EP, Papes DM, Lu JW, Feldman DJ.  An Industry-wide Pulmonary Study of Men and Women Manufacturing Refractory Ceramic Fibers. Am J of Epi 1998; 148:910-919.
  13. McKay RT, Levin LS, Lockey JE, LeMasters GK, Medvedovic M, Papes DM, Simpson SR, Rice CH. Weight Change and Lung Function: Implications for Epidemiologic and Workplace Surveillance Studies J of Occ. & Envir. Medicine 1999; 41:596-604.
  14. Lentz TJ, Rice CH, Lockey JE, Succop PA, LeMasters GK.  Potential Significance of Airborne Fiber Dimensions Measured in the U.S. Refractory Ceramic Fiber Manufacturing Industry.  Am J of Industrial Medicine 1999; 36:286-298.
  15. Levin LS, Rice, CH, Medvedovic, M, LeMasters, GK, Lockey, JE.What is the Potential Measurement Error in Occupational Exposure Studies?J of Air & Waste Management2000; 50:941-947.
  16. MacKinnon PA, Lentz TJ, Rice CH, Lockey JE, LeMasters GK, Gartside PS.  Electron Microscopy Study of Refractory Ceramic Fibers.    Applied Occupational & Environmental Hygiene  2001; 16 (10):944-951.
  17. Reliability and Validity of Chest Radiograph Surveillance Programs.  CHEST 2001; 120:64-68.
  18. Lockey JE, LeMasters GK, Levin LS, Rice CH, Yiin J, Reutman SS, Papes DM.A Longitudinal Study of Chest Radiographic Changes of Workers in the Refractory Ceramic Fiber Industry. CHEST 2002; 121:2044-2051.
  19. Lentz TJ, Rice CH, Succop PA, Lockey JE, Dement JM, Lemasters GK. Pulmonary Deposition Modeling with Airborne Fiber Exposure Data: A Study of Workers Manufacturing Refractory Ceramic Fibers. Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene Journal 2003; 18:278-288.
  20. LeMasters GK, Lockey JE, Yiin JH, Hilbert TJ, Levin LS, Rice CH.  Mortality of Workers Occupationally Exposed to Refractory Ceramic Fibers.  J of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2003;45:440-450.
  21. Rice CH, Levin LS, Borton EK, Lockey JE, Hilbert TJ, LeMasters GK.  Exposures to Refractory Ceramic Fibers in Manufacturing and Related Operations: a 10-year Update.  Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene Journal 2005;2:462-473.
  22. McKay RT, LeMasters GK, Hilbert TJ, Levin LS, Rice CH, Borton EK, Lockey JE.  A Long Term Study of Pulmonary Function among US Refractory Ceramic Fibre Workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2011;68:89-95.
  23. Lockey JE, Roggli VL, Hilbert TJ, Rice CH, Levin LS, Borton EK, Biddinger PW, LeMasters GK. Biopersistence of Refractory Ceramic Fiber in Human Lung Tissue and a 20-Year Follow-Up Radiographic Pleural Changes in Workers.  JOEM 2012;781-788.
  24. LeMasters G, Lockey JE, Hilbert TJ, Levin LS, Burkle JW, Shipley R, Perme C, Meyer CA, Rice CH. A 30-year mortality and respiratory morbidity study of refractory ceramic fiber workers. Inhalation Toxicology 2017;29(10): 462-470.
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