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Sally Santen

Professor - Adj COM

COM Emergency Medicine

Board Certifications & Licenses

American Board of Emergency Medicine (Certification Date: 12/06/1996) - (Recertification Date: 01/01/2017)

Clinical Interest

Emergency Medicine

Specialties

Emergency Medicine

Contact Information

Peer Reviewed Publications

Baghdassarian, Aline; Best, Al M; Virabyan, Anushavan; Alexanian, Claire; Shekherdimian, Shant; Santen, Sally A; Simonyan, Hambartzum 2021. Feasibility and integration of an intensive emergency pediatric care curriculum in Armenia. International journal of emergency medicine, 14 1, 1

Monrad, Seetha U; Wolff, Margaret; Kurtz, Josh; Deiorio, Nicole M; Sabo, Roy; Stringer, J K; Santen, Sally A 2021. What is the association between student well-being and high-stakes examination scores? Medical education, ,

Monrad, Seetha U; Wolff, Margaret; Kurtz, Josh; Deiorio, Nicole M; Sabo, Roy; Stringer, J K; Santen, Sally A 2021. What is the association between student well-being and high-stakes examination scores? Medical education, ,

Ryan, Michael S; Brooks, E Marshall; Safdar, Komal; Santen, Sally A 2021. Clerkship Grading and the U.S. Economy: What Medical Education Can Learn From America's Economic History. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 96 2, 186-192

Ryan, Michael S; Brooks, E Marshall; Safdar, Komal; Santen, Sally A 2021. Clerkship Grading and the U.S. Economy: What Medical Education Can Learn From America's Economic History. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 96 2, 186-192

Ryan, Michael S; Haley, Kellen E; Helou, Marieka; Ryan, Mark H; Rigby, Fidelma; Santen, Sally A 2021. Bringing clerkship grading back to the bedside. The clinical teacher, ,

Ryan, Michael S; Haley, Kellen E; Helou, Marieka; Ryan, Mark H; Rigby, Fidelma; Santen, Sally A 2021. Bringing clerkship grading back to the bedside. The clinical teacher, ,

Auerbach, Lisa; Santen, Sally A; Cutrer, William B; Daniel, Michelle; Wilson-Delfosse, Amy L; Roberts, Nicole K 2020. The educators' experience: Learning environments that support the master adaptive learner. Medical teacher, 42 11, 1270-1274

Baker, Keith D; Sabo, Roy T; Rawls, Meagan; Feldman, Moshe; Santen, Sally A 2020. Versatility in multiple mini-interview implementation: Rater background does not significantly influence assessment scoring. Medical teacher, 42 4, 411-415

Burkhardt, John C; Parekh, Kendra P; Gallahue, Fiona E; London, Kory S; Edens, Mary A; Humbert, A J; Pillow, M Tyson; Santen, Sally A; Hopson, Laura R 2020. A Critical Disconnect: Residency Selection Factors Lack Correlation With Intern Performance. Journal of graduate medical education, 12 6, 696-704

Cyrus, John W; Santen, Sally A; Merritt, Chris; Munzer, Brendan W; Peterson, William J; Shockley, Jeff; Love, Jeffrey N 2020. A Social Network Analysis of the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine Special Issue in Educational Research and Practice. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 6, 242-248

Daniel, Michelle; Morrison, Gail; Hauer, Karen E; Pock, Arnyce; Seibert, Christine; Amiel, Jonathan; Poag, Molly; Ismail, Nadia; Dalrymple, John L; Esposito, Karin; Pettepher, Cathleen; Santen, Sally A 2020. Strategies From 11 U.S. Medical Schools for Integrating Basic Science Into Core Clerkships. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, Publish Ahead of Print ,

Dow, Alan W; DiPiro, Joseph T; Giddens, Jean; Buckley, Peter; Santen, Sally A 2020. Emerging From the COVID-19 Crisis With a Stronger Health Care Workforce. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 12, 1823-1826

Feeser, V Ramana; Jackson, Anne K; Savage, Nastassia M; Layng, Timothy A; Senn, Regina K; Dhindsa, Harinder S; Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R 2020. When Safety Event Reporting Is Seen as Punitive: "I've Been PSN-ed!" Annals of emergency medicine, ,

Feeser, V Ramana; Jackson, Anne; Senn, Regina; Layng, Timothy; Santen, Sally A; Creditt, Angela B; Dhindsa, Harinder S; Vitto, Michael J; Savage, Nastassia M; Hemphill, Robin R 2020. Patient Safety Event Reporting and Opportunities for Emergency Medicine Resident Education. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 4, 900-905

Gottlieb, Michael; Chan, Teresa M; Clarke, Samuel O; Ilgen, Jonathan S; Jordan, Jaime; Moschella, Phillip; Santen, Sally A; Yarris, Lalena M; Coates, Wendy C 2020. Emergency Medicine Education Research Since the 2012 Consensus Conference: How Far Have We Come and What's Next? AEM education and training, 4 Suppl 1, S57-S66

Grover, Amelia; Appelbaum, Nital; Santen, Sally A; Lee, Nathaniel; Hemphill, Robin R; Goldberg, Stephanie 2020. Physician mistreatment in the clinical learning environment. American journal of surgery, 220 2, 276-281

Haas, Mary Rc; Haley, Kellen; Nagappan, Bella S; Ankel, Felix; Swaminathan, Anand; Santen, Sally A 2020. The connected educator: personal learning networks. The clinical teacher, 17 4, 373-377

Hammoud, Maya M; Appelbaum, Nital P; Wallach, Paul M; Burrows, Heather L; Kochhar, Komal; Hemphill, Robin R; Daniel, Michelle; Clery, Michael J; Santen, Sally A 2020. Incidence of resident mistreatment in the learning environment across three institutions. Medical teacher, , 1-7

Harnik, Vicky; Santen, Sally A; Fleming, Amy; Sein, Aubrie Swan 2020. In Reply to Green et al. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 5, 665-666

Hartigan, Sarah; Brooks, Michelle; Hartley, Sarah; Miller, Rebecca E; Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R 2020. Review of the Basics of Cognitive Error in Emergency Medicine: Still No Easy Answers. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 6, 125-131

Jurich, Daniel; Daniel, Michelle; Hauer, Karen E; Seibert, Christine; Chandran, Latha; Pock, Arnyce R; Fazio, Sara B; Fleming, Amy; Santen, Sally A 2020. Does Delaying the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 to after Clerkships Affect Student Performance on Clerkship Subject Examinations? Teaching and learning in medicine, , 1-19

Jurich, Daniel; Santen, Sally A; Paniagua, Miguel; Fleming, Amy; Harnik, Victoria; Pock, Arnyce; Swan-Sein, Aubrie; Barone, Michael A; Daniel, Michelle 2020. Effects of Moving the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 After Core Clerkships on Step 2 Clinical Knowledge Performance. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 1, 111-121

Katz, Marilyn A; Rose, Suzanne; Deiorio, Nicole M; Santen, Sally A 2020. Using state medical boards in professionalism remediation. The clinical teacher, 17 6, 716-718

Lomis, Kimberly D; Santen, Sally A; Dekhtyar, Michael; Elliott, Victoria Stagg; Richardson, Judee; Hammoud, Maya M; Hawkins, Richard; Skochelak, Susan E 2020. The Accelerating Change in Medical Education Consortium: Key Drivers of Transformative Change. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, Publish Ahead of Print ,

Morgan, Helen K; Mejicano, George C; Skochelak, Susan; Lomis, Kimberly; Hawkins, Richard; Tunkel, Allan R; Nelson, Elizabeth A; Henderson, David; Shelgikar, Anita V; Santen, Sally A 2020. A Responsible Educational Handover: Improving Communication to Improve Learning. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 2, 194-199

North, Riley; Vitto, Christina; Hickam, Grace; Santen, Sally A 2020. Remote Learning in the Time of COVID-19. AEM education and training, 4 3, 280-283

Ross, Paula T; Hart-Johnson, Tamera; Santen, Sally A; Zaidi, Nikki L Bibler 2020. Considerations for using race and ethnicity as quantitative variables in medical education research. Perspectives on medical education, 9 5, 318-323

Ryan, Michael S; Lee, Bennett; Richards, Alicia; Perera, Robert A; Haley, Kellen; Rigby, Fidelma B; Park, Yoon Soo; Santen, Sally A 2020. Evaluating the Reliability and Validity Evidence of the RIME (Reporter-Interpreter-Manager-Educator) Framework for Summative Assessments Across Clerkships. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, ,

Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R; Pusic, Martin 2020. The Responsibility of Physicians to Maintain Competency. JAMA, 323 2, 117-118

Santen, Sally A; Myklebust, Leif; Cabrera, Clare; Patton, Johmarx; Grichanik, Mark; Zaidi, Nikki L Bibler 2020. Creating a learner performance dashboard for programmatic assessment. The clinical teacher, 17 3, 261-266

Santen, Sally A; Ryan, Michael S; Coates, Wendy C 2020. What Can a Pandemic Teach Us About Competency-based Medical Education? AEM education and training, 4 3, 301-305

Santen, Sally A; Yamazaki, Kenji; Holmboe, Eric S; Hamstra, Stan J 2020. In Reply. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 10, 1465-1466

Santen, Sally A; Yamazaki, Kenji; Holmboe, Eric S; Yarris, Lalena M; Hamstra, Stanley J 2020. Comparison of Male and Female Resident Milestone Assessments During Emergency Medicine Residency Training: A National Study. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 2, 263-268

Swan Sein, Aubrie; Daniel, Michelle; Fleming, Amy; Morrison, Gail; Christner, Jennifer G; Esposito, Karin; Pock, Arnyce R; Grochowski, Colleen O; Dalrymple, John L; Santen, Sally A 2020. Identifying and Supporting Students to Prevent USMLE Step 1 Failures When Testing Follows Clerkships: Insights From 9 Schools. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 95 9, 1338-1345

Appelbaum, Nital P; Santen, Sally A; Vota, Scott; Wingfield, Lauren; Sabo, Roy; Yaghmour, Nicholas 2019. Threats to Reliability and Validity With Resident Wellness Surveying Efforts. Journal of graduate medical education, 11 5, 543-549

Buery-Joyner, Samantha D; Ryan, Michael S; Santen, Sally A; Borda, Allison; Webb, Timothy; Cheifetz, Craig 2019. Beyond mistreatment: Learner neglect in the clinical teaching environment. Medical teacher, 41 8, 949-955

Daniel, Michelle; Jurich, Daniel; Santen, Sally A 2019. In Reply to Le et al. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 7, 925-926

Daniel, Michelle; Rencic, Joseph; Durning, Steven J; Holmboe, Eric; Santen, Sally A; Lang, Valerie; Ratcliffe, Temple; Gordon, David; Heist, Brian; Lubarsky, Stuart; Estrada, Carlos A; Ballard, Tiffany; Artino, Anthony R; Sergio Da Silva, Ana; Cleary, Timothy; Stojan, Jennifer; Gruppen, Larry D 2019. Clinical Reasoning Assessment Methods: A Scoping Review and Practical Guidance. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 6, 902-912

Ellis, Samantha; Purkiss, Joel; Abdoler, Emily; Opaskar, Amanda; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Kolars, Joseph C; Santen, Sally A 2019. Variability in student perceptions of mistreatment. The clinical teacher, 16 2, 142-146

Ginzburg, Samara B; Willey, Joanne M; Bates, Carole; Santen, Sally A; Battinelli, David; Smith, Lawrence 2019. Applying the Hedgehog Concept to Transform Undergraduate Medical Education. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 4, 477-481

Gottlieb, Michael; Lee, Sangil; Burkhardt, John; Carlson, Jestin N; King, Andrew M; Wong, Ambrose H; Santen, Sally A 2019. Show Me the Money: Successfully Obtaining Grant Funding in Medical Education. The western journal of emergency medicine, 20 1, 71-77

Griffith, Max; Clery, Michael J; Humbert, Butch; Joyce, J Michael; Perry, Marcia; Hemphill, Robin R; Santen, Sally A 2019. Exploring Action Items to Address Resident Mistreatment through an Educational Workshop. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 1, 42-46

Griffith, Max; DeMasi, Stephanie C; McGrath, Abigail J; Love, Jeffrey N; Moll, Joel; Santen, Sally A 2019. Time to Reevaluate the Away Rotation: Improving Return on Investment for Students and Schools. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 4, 496-500

Griffith, Max; Santen, Sally A; Allan, Jack; Leumas, Jordan; Grace, Kelsey; Lewis, Nathan; Peterson, William J 2019. Is It Learning or Scutwork? Medical Students Adding Value in the Emergency Department. AEM education and training, 3 1, 101-104

Haas, Mary R C; Munzer, Brendan W; Santen, Sally A; Hopson, Laura R; Haas, Nathan L; Overbeek, Daniel; Peterson, William J; Cranford, James A; Huang, Robert D 2019. #DidacticsRevolution: Applying Kotter's 8-Step Change Management Model to Residency Didactics. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 1, 65-70

Hamstra, Stanley J; Yamazaki, Kenji; Barton, Melissa A; Santen, Sally A; Beeson, Michael S; Holmboe, Eric S 2019. A National Study of Longitudinal Consistency in ACGME Milestone Ratings by Clinical Competency Committees: Exploring an Aspect of Validity in the Assessment of Residents' Competence. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 10, 1522-1531

Heidemann, Lauren A; Keilin, Charles A; Santen, Sally A; Fitzgerald, James T; Zaidi, Nikki L; Whitman, Laurie; Jones, Elizabeth K; Lypson, Monica L; Morgan, Helen K 2019. Does Performance on Evidence-Based Medicine and Urgent Clinical Scenarios Assessments Deteriorate During the Fourth Year of Medical School? Findings From One Institution. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 5, 731-737

Jurich, Daniel; Daniel, Michelle; Paniagua, Miguel; Fleming, Amy; Harnik, Victoria; Pock, Arnyce; Swan-Sein, Aubrie; Barone, Michael A; Santen, Sally A 2019. Moving the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 After Core Clerkships: An Outcomes Analysis. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 3, 371-377

Keeley, Meg G; Gusic, Maryellen E; Morgan, Helen K; Aagaard, Eva M; Santen, Sally A 2019. Moving Toward Summative Competency Assessment to Individualize the Postclerkship Phase. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 12, 1858-1864

Love, Jeffrey N; Santen, Sally A; Way, David P; Munzer, Brendan W; Merritt, Chris; Ander, Douglas S; Cyrus, John W 2019. Early Impact of the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine CDEM/CORD Special Issue in Educational Research & Practice. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 1, 71-77

Meredith, M Alex; Clemo, H Ruth; McGinn, Melissa J; Santen, Sally A; DiGiovanni, Susan R 2019. Cadaver Rounds: A Comprehensive Exercise That Integrates Clinical Context Into Medical Gross Anatomy. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 6, 828-832

Monrad, Seetha U; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Woolliscroft, James O; Daniel, Michelle M; Hartley, Sarah E; Gay, Tamara L; Highet, Alexandra; Vijayakumar, Nithya; Santen, Sally A 2019. Competency Committees in Undergraduate Medical Education: Approaching Tensions Using a Polarity Management Framework. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 12, 1865-1872

Park, Yeri; Ryan, Mark H; Santen, Sally A; Sabo, Roy; Blondino, Courtney; Magee, Mary Lee 2019. Nurturing the Student, Sustaining the Mission: 20 Years of the International/Inner-City/Rural Preceptorship Program. Family medicine, 51 10, 823-829

Pavlic, Ashley; Liu, Dana; Baker, Kara; House, Joseph; Byrd, Michael; Martinek, Tina; O'Leary, Diana; Santen, Sally A 2019. Erratum: This Article Corrects: "Behind the Curtain: The Nurse's Voice in Assessment of Residents in the Emergency Department". The western journal of emergency medicine, 20 2, 427

Pavlic, Ashley; Liu, Dana; Baker, Kara; House, Joseph; Byrd, Michael; Martinek, Tina; O'Leary, Diana; Santen, Sally A 2019. Behind the Curtain: The Nurse's Voice in Assessment of Residents in the Emergency Department. The western journal of emergency medicine, 20 1, 23-28

Peterson, William J; Santen, Sally A; House, Joseph B; Hopson, Laura R; Wolff, Meg; Carney, Michele; Cyrus, John W 2019. Increasing Education Research Productivity: A Network Analysis. The western journal of emergency medicine, 21 1, 163-168

Pock, Arnyce; Daniel, Michelle; Santen, Sally A; Swan-Sein, Aubrie; Fleming, Amy; Harnik, Vicky 2019. Challenges Associated With Moving the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 to After the Core Clerkships and How to Approach Them. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 6, 775-780

Ramana Feeser, V; Zemore, Zachary; Appelbaum, Nital; Santen, Sally A; Moll, Joel; Aboff, Brian; Hemphill, Robin R 2019. Analysis of the Emergency Medicine Clinical Learning Environment. AEM education and training, 3 3, 286-290

Rigby, Fidelma B; Bynum, Blythe; Santen, Sally A; Anabazhagan, Aruna; Karjane, Nicole 2019. Burnout in OB/GYN Students and Residents. Clinical obstetrics and gynecology, 62 3, 413-431

Ross, Paula T; Keeley, Meg G; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Karani, Reena; Gliatto, Peter; Santen, Sally A 2019. Developing Professionalism and Professional Identity Through Unproctored, Flexible Testing. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 4, 490-495

Santen, Sally A; Christner, Jennifer; Mejicano, George; Hemphill, Robin R 2019. Kicking the Can Down the Road - When Medical Schools Fail to Self-Regulate. The New England journal of medicine, 381 24, 2287-2289

Santen, Sally A; Grob, Karri L; Monrad, Seetha U; Stalburg, Caren M; Smith, Gary; Hemphill, Robin R; Bibler Zaidi, Nikki L 2019. Employing a Root Cause Analysis Process to Improve Examination Quality. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 94 1, 71-75

Santen, Sally A; Peterson, William; Wolff, Margaret 2019. Turning Your Educational Work Into Scholarship. AEM education and training, 3 1, 79-80

Santen, Sally A; Wolff, Margaret S; Saxon, Katie; Juneja, Nadia; Bassin, Benjamin 2019. Factors Affecting Entrustment and Autonomy in Emergency Medicine: "How much rope do I give them?" The western journal of emergency medicine, 20 1, 58-63

Taira, Taku; Santen, Sally A; Roberts, Nicole K 2019. Defining the "Problem Resident" and the Implications of the Unfixable Problem: The Rationale for a "Front-door" Solution. The western journal of emergency medicine, 20 1, 43-49

Aghera, Amish; Emery, Matt; Bounds, Richard; Bush, Colleen; Stansfield, R Brent; Gillett, Brian; Santen, Sally A 2018. A Randomized Trial of SMART Goal Enhanced Debriefing after Simulation to Promote Educational Actions. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 112-120

Appelbaum, Nital P; Santen, Sally A; Aboff, Brian M; Vega, Ryan; Munoz, Jose L; Hemphill, Robin R 2018. Psychological Safety and Support: Assessing Resident Perceptions of the Clinical Learning Environment. Journal of graduate medical education, 10 6, 651-656

Burkhardt, John C; DesJardins, Stephen L; Teener, Carol A; Gay, Steven E; Santen, Sally A 2018. Predicting Medical School Enrollment Behavior: Comparing an Enrollment Management Model to Expert Human Judgment. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 93 11S Association of American Medical Colleges Learn, S68-S73

Gay, Steven E; Santen, Sally A; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Sisson, Thomas H; Ross, Paula T; Zaidi, Nikki L Bibler 2018. The influence of MCAT and GPA preadmission academic metrics on interview scores. Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice, 23 1, 151-158

Gottlieb, Michael; Dehon, Erin; Jordan, Jaime; Bentley, Suzanne; Ranney, Megan L; Lee, Sangil; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Santen, Sally A 2018. Getting Published in Medical Education: Overcoming Barriers to Scholarly Production. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 1-6

House, Joseph B; Cedarbaum, Jacob; Haque, Fatema; Wheaton, Michael; Vredeveld, Jennifer; Purkiss, Joel; Moore, Laurel; Santen, Sally A; Daniel, Michelle 2018. Medical student perceptions of an initial collaborative immersion experience. Journal of interprofessional care, 32 2, 245-249

House, Joseph B; Griffith, Max C; Kappy, Michelle D; Holman, Elizabeth; Santen, Sally A 2018. Tracking Student Mistreatment Data to Improve the Emergency Medicine Clerkship Learning Environment. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 18-22

Malone, Matthew G; Carney, Michelle M; House, Joseph B; Cranford, James A; Santen, Sally A 2018. Tit-For-Tat Strategy for Increasing Medical Student Evaluation Response Rates. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 75-79

Martin, Daniel R; Ankel, Felix; Hemphill, Robin R; Heron, Sheryl; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Merritt, Chris; Westergaard, Mary; Santen, Sally A 2018. Creating a Vision for Education Leadership. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 165-168

Merritt, Chris; Daniel, Michelle; Munzer, Brendan W; Nocera, Mariann; Ross, Joshua C; Santen, Sally A 2018. A Cognitive Apprenticeship-Based Faculty Development Intervention for Emergency Medicine Educators. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 198-204

Merritt, Chris; Munzer, Brendan W; Wolff, Margaret; Santen, Sally A 2018. Not Another Bedside Lecture: Active Learning Techniques for Clinical Instruction. AEM education and training, 2 1, 48-50

Monrad, Seetha U; Zaidi, Nikki L Bibler; Gruppen, Larry D; Gelb, Douglas J; Grum, Cyril; Morgan, Helen K; Daniel, Michelle; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Santen, Sally A 2018. Does Reducing Clerkship Lengths by 25% Affect Medical Student Performance and Perceptions? Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 93 12, 1833-1840

Perry, Marcia; Linn, Andrew; Munzer, Brendan W; Hopson, Laura; Amlong, Ambrosya; Cole, Michael; Santen, Sally A 2018. Programmatic Assessment in Emergency Medicine: Implementation of Best Practices. Journal of graduate medical education, 10 1, 84-90

Peterson, William J; House, Joseph B; Sozener, Cemal B; Santen, Sally A 2018. Understanding the Struggles to Be a Medical Provider: View Through Medical Student Essays. The Journal of emergency medicine, 54 1, 102-108

Pusic, Martin V; Santen, Sally A; Dekhtyar, Michael; Poncelet, Ann N; Roberts, Nicole K; Wilson-Delfosse, Amy L; Cutrer, William B 2018. Learning to balance efficiency and innovation for optimal adaptive expertise. Medical teacher, 40 8, 820-827

Ray, John C; Hopson, Laura R; Peterson, William; Santen, Sally A; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Gallahue, Fiona E; White, Melissa; Burkhardt, John C 2018. Choosing emergency medicine: Influences on medical students' choice of emergency medicine. PloS one, 13 5, e0196639

Ross, Paula T; Abdoler, Emily; Flygt, LeeAnne; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Santen, Sally A 2018. Using a Modified A3 Lean Framework to Identify Ways to Increase Students' Reporting of Mistreatment Behaviors. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 93 4, 606-611

Royan, Regina; Wu, Christine; Theyyunni, Nik; Montas, Sacha; Cranford, James A; House, Joseph B; Lukela, Michael P; Santen, Sally A 2018. Anything but Shadowing! Early Clinical Reasoning in Emergency Department Improves Clinical Skills. The western journal of emergency medicine, 19 1, 177-184

Schiller, Jocelyn H; Burrows, Heather L; Fleming, Amy E; Keeley, Meg G; Wozniak, Lauren; Santen, Sally A 2018. Responsible Milestone-Based Educational Handover With Individualized Learning Plan From Undergraduate to Graduate Pediatric Medical Education. Academic pediatrics, 18 2, 231-233

Schnapp, Benjamin H; Alvarez, Al'ai; Ham, Jared; Paetow, Glenn; Santen, Sally A; Hart, Danielle 2018. An Interactive Session to Help Faculty Manage Difficult Learner Behaviors in the Didactic Setting. MedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources, 14 , 10774

Tozer, Jordan; Layng, Timothy; Wolff, Margaret; Santen, Sally A 2018. Strategic Questioning in Emergency Medicine Training. AEM education and training, 2 4, 336-338

Zaidi, Nikki L Bibler; Grob, Karri L; Monrad, Seetha M; Kurtz, Joshua B; Tai, Andrew; Ahmed, Asra Z; Gruppen, Larry D; Santen, Sally A 2018. Pushing Critical Thinking Skills With Multiple-Choice Questions: Does Bloom's Taxonomy Work? Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 93 6, 856-859

Zaidi, Nikki L Bibler; Kreiter, Clarence D; Castaneda, Peris R; Schiller, Jocelyn H; Yang, Jun; Grum, Cyril M; Hammoud, Maya M; Gruppen, Larry D; Santen, Sally A 2018. Generalizability of Competency Assessment Scores Across and Within Clerkships: How Students, Assessors, and Clerkships Matter. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 93 8, 1212-1217

Burk-Rafel, Jesse; Santen, Sally A; Purkiss, Joel 2017. Study Behaviors and USMLE Step 1 Performance: Implications of a Student Self-Directed Parallel Curriculum. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 92 11S Association of American Medical Colleges Learn, S67-S74

Daniel, Michelle; Carney, Michele; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Merritt, Chris; Cole, Michael; Malone, Matthew; Hemphill, Robin R; Peterson, Will; Burkhardt, John; Hopson, Laura; Santen, Sally A 2017. Cognitive Debiasing Strategies: A Faculty Development Workshop for Clinical Teachers in Emergency Medicine. MedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources, 13 , 10646

Daniel, Michelle; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Santen, Sally A; Malone, Matthew; Croskerry, Pat 2017. Cognitive Debiasing Strategies for the Emergency Department. AEM education and training, 1 1, 41-42

Fischer, Jonathan P; House, Joseph B; Hopson, Laura R; Perry, Marcia A; Theyyuni, Nikhil; Wolff, Margaret S; Sozener, Cemal B; Santen, Sally A 2017. Incorporation of a Graduate Student Writer into a Productive Research Team. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 1, 84-85

Goslinga, Thomas; Puelle, Margaret R; Carney, Michele; Lozon, Marie; Santen, Sally A 2017. Beyond Shadowing: Providing Meaningful Clinical Experiences for Early Clinical Learners. AEM education and training, 1 2, 124-125

House, Joseph B; Choe, Carol H; Wourman, Heather L; Berg, Kristin M; Fischer, Jonathan P; Santen, Sally A 2017. Efficient and Effective Use of Peer Teaching for Medical Student Simulation. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 1, 137-141

Jordan, Jaime; Yarris, Lalena M; Santen, Sally A; Guth, Todd A; Rougas, Steven; Runde, Daniel P; Coates, Wendy C 2017. Creating a Cadre of Fellowship-Trained Medical Educators, Part II: A Formal Needs Assessment to Structure Postgraduate Fellowships in Medical Education Scholarship and Leadership. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 92 8, 1181-1188

Merritt, Chris; Gaines, Sarah A; Smith, Jessica; Santen, Sally A 2017. A Novel Curriculum to Optimize Emergency Medicine Residents' Exposure to Pediatrics. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 1, 14-19

Munzer, Brendan W; Love, Jeffery; Shipman, Barbara L; Byrne, Brendan; Cico, Stephen J; Furlong, Robert; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Santen, Sally A 2017. An Analysis of the Top-cited Articles in Emergency Medicine Education Literature. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 1, 60-68

Santen, Sally A; Seidelman, Jessica; Lypson, Monica 2017. The Reply. The American journal of medicine, 130 6, e275

Shah, Kaushal H; Jordan, Jaime; Jahnes, Katherine; Lisbon, David P; Lutfy-Clayton, Lucienne; Wei, Grant; Winkel, Gary; Santen, Sally A 2017. Audience Response System Facilitates Prediction of Scores on In-Training Examination. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 3, 525-530

Smith, Jessica L; Lypson, Monica; Silverberg, Mark; Weizberg, Moshe; Murano, Tiffany; Lukela, Michael; Santen, Sally A 2017. Defining Uniform Processes for Remediation, Probation and Termination in Residency Training. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 1, 110-113

Stojan, Jennifer N; Wolff, Margaret; Buckler, Stacie; Kahn, Jason; Santen, Sally A; Daniel, Michelle 2017. Experiential learning about medication adherence. The clinical teacher, 14 6, 451-453

Wolff, Margaret; Santen, Sally A; Hopson, Laura R; Hemphill, Robin R; Farrell, Susan E 2017. What's the Evidence: Self-Assessment Implications for Life-Long Learning in Emergency Medicine. The Journal of emergency medicine, 53 1, 116-120

Zink, Korie L; Perry, Marcia; London, Kory; Floto, Olivia; Bassin, Benjamin; Burkhardt, John; Santen, Sally A 2017. "Let Me Tell You About My…" Provider Self-Disclosure in the Emergency Department Builds Patient Rapport. The western journal of emergency medicine, 18 1, 43-49

Bibler Zaidi, Nikki L; Santen, Sally A; Purkiss, Joel A; Teener, Carol A; Gay, Steven E 2016. A Hybrid Interview Model for Medical School Interviews: Combining Traditional and Multisampling Formats. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 91 11, 1526-1529

Burkhardt, John C; DesJardins, Stephen L; Teener, Carol A; Gay, Steven E; Santen, Sally A 2016. Enrollment Management in Medical School Admissions: A Novel Evidence-Based Approach at One Institution. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 91 11, 1561-1567

Coates, Wendy C; Runde, Daniel P; Yarris, Lalena M; Rougas, Steven; Guth, Todd A; Santen, Sally A; Miller, Jessica; Jordan, Jaime 2016. Creating a Cadre of Fellowship-Trained Medical Educators: A Qualitative Study of Faculty Development Program Leaders' Perspectives and Advice. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 91 12, 1696-1704

Farrell, Susan E; Hopson, Laura R; Wolff, Margaret; Hemphill, Robin R; Santen, Sally A 2016. What's the Evidence: A Review of the One-Minute Preceptor Model of Clinical Teaching and Implications for Teaching in the Emergency Department. The Journal of emergency medicine, 51 3, 278-83

Fitzgerald, James T; Burkhardt, John C; Kasten, Steven J; Mullan, Patricia B; Santen, Sally A; Sheets, Kent J; Tsai, Antonius; Vasquez, John A; Gruppen, Larry D 2016. Assessment challenges in competency-based education: A case study in health professions education. Medical teacher, 38 5, 482-90

Gruppen, Larry D; Burkhardt, John C; Fitzgerald, James T; Funnell, Martha; Haftel, Hilary M; Lypson, Monica L; Mullan, Patricia B; Santen, Sally A; Sheets, Kent J; Stalburg, Caren M; Vasquez, John A 2016. Competency-based education: programme design and challenges to implementation. Medical education, 50 5, 532-9

Haas, Mary R C; Huang, Robert; Tomlinson, Sarah; Santen, Sally A 2016. #EMConf: utilising Twitter to increase dissemination of conference content. Medical education, 50 5, 572

Love, Jeffrey N; Yarris, Lalena M; Santen, Sally A; Kuhn, Gloria J; Gruppen, Larry D; Coates, Wendy C; Howell, John M; Farrell, Susan E 2016. A Novel Specialty-Specific, Collaborative Faculty Development Opportunity in Education Research: Program Evaluation at Five Years. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 91 4, 548-55

Morgan, Helen K; Purkiss, Joel A; Porter, Annie C; Lypson, Monica L; Santen, Sally A; Christner, Jennifer G; Grum, Cyril M; Hammoud, Maya M 2016. Student Evaluation of Faculty Physicians: Gender Differences in Teaching Evaluations. Journal of women's health (2002), 25 5, 453-6

Peterson, William J; Hopson, Laura R; Khandelwal, Sorabh; White, Melissa; Gallahue, Fiona E; Burkhardt, John; Rolston, Aimee M; Santen, Sally A 2016. Impact of Doximity Residency Rankings on Emergency Medicine Applicant Rank Lists. The western journal of emergency medicine, 17 3, 350-4

Skaugset, L Melissa; Farrell, Susan; Carney, Michele; Wolff, Margaret; Santen, Sally A; Perry, Marcia; Cico, Stephen John 2016. Can You Multitask? Evidence and Limitations of Task Switching and Multitasking in Emergency Medicine. Annals of emergency medicine, 68 2, 189-95

Sozener, Cemal B; Lypson, Monica L; House, Joseph B; Hopson, Laura R; Dooley-Hash, Suzanne L; Hauff, Samantha; Eddy, Mary; Fischer, Jonathan P; Santen, Sally A 2016. Reporting Achievement of Medical Student Milestones to Residency Program Directors: An Educational Handover. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 91 5, 676-84

Wagenschutz, Heather; McKean, Erin; Zurales, Katie; Santen, Sally A 2016. Facilitating guided reflections on leadership activities. Medical education, 50 11, 1149-1150

House, Joseph B; Theyyunni, Nikhil; Barnosky, Andrew R; Fuhrel-Forbis, Andrea; Seeyave, Desiree M; Ambs, Dawn; Fischer, Jonathan P; Santen, Sally A 2015. Understanding ethical dilemmas in the emergency department: views from medical students' essays. The Journal of emergency medicine, 48 4, 492-8

House, Joseph; Santen, Sally A; Carney, Michele; Nypaver, Michele; Fischer, Jonathan P; Hopson, Laura R 2015. Implementation of an Education Value Unit (EVU) System to Recognize Faculty Contributions. The western journal of emergency medicine, 16 6, 952-6

Perry, Marcia; Hopson, Laura; House, Joseph B; Fischer, Jonathan P; Dooley-Hash, Suzanne; Hauff, Samantha; Wolff, Margaret S; Sozener, Cemal; Nypaver, Michele; Moll, Joel; Losman, Eve D; Carney, Michele; Santen, Sally A 2015. Model for Developing Educational Research Productivity: The Medical Education Research Group. The western journal of emergency medicine, 16 6, 947-51

Rolston, Aimee M; Hartley, Sarah E; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Christner, Jenny G; Cheng, Debbie F; Caty, Rachel M; Santen, Sally A 2015. Effect of Doximity Residency Rankings on Residency Applicants' Program Choices. The western journal of emergency medicine, 16 6, 889-93

Santen, Sally A; Petrusa, Emil; Gruppen, Larry D 2015. The relationship between promotions committees' identification of problem medical students and subsequent state medical board actions. Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice, 20 2, 421-30

Santen, Sally A; Seidelman, Jessica L; Miller, Chad S; Brownfield, Erica D; Houchens, Nathan; Sisson, Thomas H; Lypson, Monica L 2015. Milestones for Internal Medicine Sub-interns. The American journal of medicine, 128 7, 790-8.e2

Schott, Meghan; Kedia, Raashee; Promes, Susan B; Swoboda, Thomas; O'Rourke, Kevin; Green, Walter; Liu, Rachel; Stansfield, Brent; Santen, Sally A 2015. Direct Observation Assessment of Milestones: Problems with Reliability. The western journal of emergency medicine, 16 6, 871-6

Silverberg, Mark; Weizberg, Moshe; Murano, Tiffany; Smith, Jessica L; Burkhardt, John C; Santen, Sally A 2015. What is the Prevalence and Success of Remediation of Emergency Medicine Residents? The western journal of emergency medicine, 16 6, 839-44

Weizberg, Moshe; Smith, Jessica L; Murano, Tiffany; Silverberg, Mark; Santen, Sally A 2015. What does remediation and probation status mean? A survey of emergency medicine residency program directors. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 22 1, 113-6

Hauff, Samantha R; Hopson, Laura R; Losman, Eve; Perry, Marcia A; Lypson, Monica L; Fischer, Jonathan; Santen, Sally A 2014. Programmatic assessment of level 1 milestones in incoming interns. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 6, 694-8

Iyer, Maya Subbarao; Mullan, Patricia B; Santen, Sally A; Sikavitsas, Athina; Christner, Jennifer G 2014. Deliberate apprenticeship in the Pediatric Emergency Department improves experience for third-year students. The western journal of emergency medicine, 15 4, 424-9

Santen, Sally A; Peterson, William J; Khandelwal, Sorabh; House, Joseph B; Manthey, David E; Sozener, Cemal B 2014. Medical student milestones in emergency medicine. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 21 8, 905-11

Bounds, Richard; Bush, Colleen; Aghera, Amish; Rodriguez, Nestor; Stansfield, R Brent; Santen, Sally A 2013. Emergency medicine residents' self-assessments play a critical role when receiving feedback. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 20 10, 1055-61

Iyer, Maya S; Santen, Sally A; Nypaver, Michele; Warrier, Kavita; Bradin, Stuart; Chapman, Rachel; McAllister, Jennifer; Vredeveld, Jennifer; House, Joseph B; Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Committee, ; Emergency Medicine and Pediatric Residency Review Committee, 2013. Assessing the validity evidence of an objective structured assessment tool of technical skills for neonatal lumbar punctures. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 20 3, 321-4

Santen, Sally A; Rademacher, Nicholas; Heron, Sheyl L; Khandelwal, Sorabh; Hauff, Samantha; Hopson, Laura 2013. How competent are emergency medicine interns for level 1 milestones: who is responsible? Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 20 7, 736-9

Coates, Wendy C; Lin, Michelle; Clarke, Samuel; Jordan, Jaime; Guth, Todd; Santen, Sally A; Yarris, Lalena M 2012. Defining a core curriculum for education scholarship fellowships in emergency medicine. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 19 12, 1411-8

Fischer, Miriam; Hemphill, Robin R; Rimler, Eva; Marshall, Stephanie; Brownfield, Erica; Shayne, Philip; Di Francesco, Lorenzo; Santen, Sally A 2012. Patient communication during handovers between emergency medicine and internal medicine residents. Journal of graduate medical education, 4 4, 533-7

Lin, Michelle; Santen, Sally A; Yarris, Lalena M; Mullan, Patricia; Searle, Nancy; Rougas, Steven; Coates, Wendy C 2012. Development of a training needs assessment for an education scholarship fellowship in emergency medicine. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 19 12, 1419-24

Love, Jeffrey N; Howell, John M; Hegarty, Cullen B; McLaughlin, Steven A; Coates, Wendy C; Hopson, Laura R; Hern, Gene H; Rosen, Carlo L; Fisher, Jonathan; Santen, Sally A 2012. Factors that influence medical student selection of an emergency medicine residency program: implications for training programs. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 19 4, 455-60

Molinaro, Ross J; Winkler, Anne M; Kraft, Colleen S; Fantz, Corinne R; Stowell, Sean R; Ritchie, James C; Koch, David D; Heron, Sheryl; Liebzeit, Jason; Santen, Sally A; Guarner, Jeannette 2012. Teaching laboratory medicine to medical students: implementation and evaluation. Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine, 136 11, 1423-9

Santen, Sally A; Deiorio, Nicole M; Gruppen, Larry D 2012. Medical education research in the context of translational science. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 19 12, 1323-7

Yarris, Lalena M; Coates, Wendy C; Lin, Michelle; Lind, Karen; Jordan, Jaime; Clarke, Sam; Guth, Todd A; Santen, Sally A; Hamstra, Stanley J 2012. A suggested core content for education scholarship fellowships in emergency medicine. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 19 12, 1425-33

Hemphill, Robin R; Heavrin, Benjamin S; Lesnick, Joy; Santen, Sally A 2011. Those who can, do and they teach too: faculty clinical productivity and teaching. The western journal of emergency medicine, 12 2, 254-7

Hemphill, Robin R; Santen, Sally A 2011. The words your patients will remember. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 18 1, 96-7

Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R 2011. A window on professionalism in the emergency department through medical student narratives. Annals of emergency medicine, 58 3, 288-94

Coates, Wendy C; Love, Jeffrey N; Santen, Sally A; Hobgood, Cherri D; Mavis, Brian E; Maggio, Lauren A; Farrell, Susan E 2010. Faculty development in medical education research: a cooperative model. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 85 5, 829-36

Santen, Sally A; Davis, Kevin R; Brady, Donald W; Hemphill, Robin R 2010. Potentially discriminatory questions during residency interviews: frequency and effects on residents' ranking of programs in the national resident matching program. Journal of graduate medical education, 2 3, 336-40

Santen, Sally A; Holt, Danielle B; Kemp, Jean D; Hemphill, Robin R 2010. Burnout in medical students: examining the prevalence and associated factors. Southern medical journal, 103 8, 758-63

Hemphill, Robin R; Santen, Sally A; Heavrin, Benjamin S 2009. Surgeons' and emergency physicians' perceptions of trauma management and training. The western journal of emergency medicine, 10 3, 144-9

Love, Jeffrey N; Coates, Wendy C; Santen, Sally A; Hobgood, Cherri D; Mavis, Brian E; Farrell, Susan E 2009. The MERC at CORD Scholars Program in medical education research: a novel faculty development opportunity for emergency physicians. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 16 Suppl 2 , S37-41

Santen, Sally A; Rotter, Tricia S; Hemphill, Robin R 2008. Patients do not know the level of training of their doctors because doctors do not tell them. Journal of general internal medicine, 23 5, 607-10

Santen, Sally A; Seth, Naveen; Hemphill, Robin R; Wrenn, Keith D 2008. Chaperones for rectal and genital examinations in the emergency department: what do patients and physicians want? Southern medical journal, 101 1, 24-8

Barfield, L Cole; Taylor, Brent R; Santen, Sally A 2007. Learning physical diagnosis: a new paradigm. Medical education, 41 11, 1097

Glass, Nina E; Conrad, Andrew B; Santen, Sally A 2007. The emergency department as an applied pharmacology laboratory. Medical education, 41 11, 1103

Hemphill, Robin R; Santen, Sally A; Spanier, Cindy M; Fletcher, Nicholas D 2007. Trauma: life in the ER--education or entertainment? The patient's perspective. Southern medical journal, 100 3, 248-51

Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R; Spanier, Cindy M; Fletcher, Nicholas D 2005. 'Sorry, it's my first time!' Will patients consent to medical students learning procedures? Medical education, 39 4, 365-9

Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R; McDonald, Morgan F; Jo, Colleen O 2004. Patients' willingness to allow residents to learn to practice medical procedures. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 79 2, 144-7

Santen, Sally A; Hemphill, Robin R; Prough, Emily E; Perlowski, Alice A 2004. Do patients understand their physician's level of training? a survey of emergency department patients. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 79 2, 139-43

Santen, S A; Altieri, M F 2001. Pediatric urinary tract infection. Emergency medicine clinics of North America, 19 3, 675-90

Hemphill, R R; Santen, S A; Kleinschmidt, P E 1999. Delayed presentation after head injury: is a computed tomography scan necessary? Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 6 9, 957-60

Hemphill, R R; Santen, S A; Rountree, C B; Szmit, A R 1999. Patients' understanding of the roles of interns, residents, and attending physicians in the emergency department. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 6 4, 339-44

Hemphill, R R; Santen, S A; Howell, J M; Altieri, M F 1998. Follow-up compliance in febrile children: a comparison of two systems. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 5 10, 996-1001

Santen, S A; Scott, J L 1995. Ophthalmologic procedures. Emergency medicine clinics of North America, 13 3, 681-701

Dow, Alan W; Baernholdt, Marianne; Santen, Sally A; Baker, Kathy; Sessler, Curtis N . Practitioner wellbeing as an interprofessional imperative. Journal of interprofessional care, 33 6, 603-607

Kappy, Michelle D; Holman, Elizabeth; Kempner, Samantha; Santen, Sally A; Skinner, Bethany; Hammoud, Maya . Identifying Medical Student Mistreatment in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clerkship. Journal of surgical education, 76 6, 1516-1525

Schiller, Jocelyn H; Stansfield, R Brent; Belmonte, David C; Purkiss, Joel A; Reddy, Rishindra M; House, Joseph B; Santen, Sally A . Medical Students' Use of Different Coping Strategies and Relationship With Academic Performance in Preclinical and Clinical Years. Teaching and learning in medicine, 30 1, 15-21

Zisblatt, Lara; Naughton, Norah N; Byrne, Melissa; Dobija, Nicole; Fowler, Leslie Coker; MacEachern, Mark; McLean, Sheron; Munzer, Brendan W; Rochlen, Lauryn R; Santen, Sally A; Peoples, Emily . An Analysis of the Top-cited Articles in Anesthesiology Education Literature. The journal of education in perioperative medicine : JEPM, 20 3, E627