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Robert P. Baughman

Emeritus

Internal Medicine | College of Medicine

Education/Credentials
  • Bachelor's Degree: Yale University
  • Medical Degree: Case-Western Reserve
  • Internship & Residency: University of Cincinnati
  • Fellowship: University of Cincinnati
  • Chief Resident: University of Cincinnati
Board Certifications & Licenses

American Board of Internal Medicine (Certification Date: 19800909)
American Board of Internal Medicine (Pulmonary Disease) (Certification Date: 19821109)

Specialties

Critical Care Medicine
Internal Medicine

Research Interests

Caseswill also be followed to gain information on the natural history of thisdisease including risk factors for progression of disease. A steeringcommittee will develop a protocol and manual of operations which willaddress the most promising hypotheses to be pursued to identify thecauses of sarcoidosis. The protocol will include a comprehensiveclinical characterization of each participant and determination of markersof immune responsiveness. The contractor will participate in a system forbanking biologica...

Contact Information

Clinical Interests

Critical Care Medicine

Pulmonary Disease

Peer Reviewed Publications

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A; Beaumont, Jennifer L; Maier, Lisa A; Sweiss, Nadera J; Culver, Daniel A; Chen, Edward S; Singh, Noopur; Lower, Elyse E; Reeves, Rebecca; Hamzeh, Nabeel; Grutters, Jan C; Valeyre, Dominique; Birring, Surinder S 2021. Evaluating the Minimal Clinically Important Difference of the King's Sarcoidosis Questionnaire in a Multicenter Prospective Study. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 18 3, 477-485

Baughman, Robert P; Kotzin, Jacob; Lower, Elyse E 2021. The Value of a Patient Global Assessment in Management of Sarcoidosis. Lung, 199 4, 357-362

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2021. COVID-19 infections in sarcoidosis: a prospective single center study of 886 sarcoidosis patients. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 38 2, e2021029

Baughman, Robert P; Shlobin, Oksana A; Gupta, Rohit; Engel, Peter J; Stewart, Jeffrey I; Lower, Elyse E; Rahaghi, Franck F; Zeigler, Joyce; Nathan, Steven D 2021. Riociguat for Sarcoidosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension: Results of a 1-Year Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Chest, ,

Baughman, Robert P; Valeyre, Dominique; Korsten, Peter; Mathioudakis, Alexander G; Wuyts, Wim A; Wells, Athol; Rottoli, Paola; Nunes, Hiliaro; Lower, Elyse E; Judson, Marc A; Israel-Biet, Dominique; Grutters, Jan C; Drent, Marjolein; Culver, Daniel A; Bonella, Francesco; Antoniou, Katerina; Martone, Filippo; Quadder, Bernd; Spitzer, Ginger; Nagavci, Blin; Tonia, Thomy; Rigau, David; Ouellette, Daniel R 2021. ERS clinical practice guidelines on treatment of sarcoidosis. The European respiratory journal, ,

Chanson, Noémie; Ramos-Casals, Manuel; Pundole, Xerxes; Suijkerbuik, Karijn; José de Barros E Silva, Milton; Lidar, Merav; Benesova, Karolina; Leipe, Jan; Acar-Denizli, Nihan; Pradère, Pauline; Michot, Jean-Marie; Voisin, Anne-Laure; Suárez-Almazor, Maria E; Radstake, Timothy R D; Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Virginia; Schulze-Koops, Hendrik; Melin, Audrey; Robert, Caroline; Mariette, Xavier; Baughman, Robert P; Lambotte, Olivier 2021. Immune checkpoint inhibitor-associated sarcoidosis: A usually benign disease that does not require immunotherapy discontinuation. European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), ,

Drake, Wonder P; Culver, Daniel A; Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A; Crouser, Elliott D; James, W Ennis; Ayers, Gregory D; Ding, Tan; Abel, Kenny; Green, Abena; Kerrigan, Amy; Sesay, Ahmed; Bernard, Gordon R 2021. Phase II Investigation of the Efficacy of Antimycobacterial Therapy in Chronic Pulmonary Sarcoidosis. Chest, 159 5, 1902-1912

Levin, Benjamin; Baughman, Robert P; Sweiss, Nadera J 2021. Detection of early phenotype cardiac sarcoidosis by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 27 5, 478-483

Manansala, Michael; Baughman, Robert; Novak, Richard; Judson, Marc; Sweiss, Nadera 2021. Management of immunosuppressants in the era of coronavirus disease-2019. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 27 3, 176-183

Manansala, Michael; Chopra, Amit; Baughman, Robert P; Novak, Richard; Lower, Elyse E; Culver, Daniel A; Korsten, Peter; Drake, Wonder P; Judson, Marc A; Sweiss, Nadera 2021. COVID-19 and Sarcoidosis, Readiness for Vaccination: Challenges and Opportunities. Frontiers in medicine, 8 , 672028

Obi, Ogugua Ndili; Judson, Marc A; Birring, Surinder S; Maier, Lisa A; Wells, Athol U; Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P 2021. Assessment of dyspnea in sarcoidosis using the Baseline Dyspnea Index (BDI) and the Transition Dyspnea Index (TDI). Respiratory medicine, , 106436

Obi, Ogugua Ndili; Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P 2021. Biologic and advanced immunomodulating therapeutic options for sarcoidosis: a clinical update. Expert review of clinical pharmacology, 14 2, 179-210

Saketkoo, Lesley Ann; Russell, Anne-Marie; Jensen, Kelly; Mandizha, Jessica; Tavee, Jinny; Newton, Jacqui; Rivera, Frank; Howie, Mike; Reese, Rodney; Goodman, Melanie; Hart, Patricia; Strookappe, Bert; De Vries, Jolanda; Rosenbach, Misha; Scholand, Mary Beth; Lammi, Mathew R; Elfferich, Marjon; Lower, Elyse; Baughman, Robert P; Sweiss, Nadera; Judson, Marc A; Drent, Marjolein 2021. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in Sarcoidosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Health Outcomes. Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland), 11 6,

Sweiss, Nadera J; Korsten, Peter; Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A; Judson, Marc A 2021. Response. Chest, 159 3, 1307-1308

Vagts, Christen; Ascoli, Christian; Fraidenburg, Dustin R; Baughman, Robert P; Huang, Yue; Edafetanure-Ibeh, Russell; Ahmed, Samreen; Levin, Benjamin; Lu, Yang; Perkins, David L; Finn, Patricia W; Sweiss, Nadera J 2021. Unsupervised Clustering Reveals Sarcoidosis Phenotypes Marked by a Reduction in Lymphocytes Relate to Increased Inflammatory Activity on 18FDG-PET/CT. Frontiers in medicine, 8 , 595077

Zhou, Ying; Gerke, Alicia K; Lower, Elyse E; Vizel, Alexander; Talwar, Deepak; Strambu, Irina; Francesqui, Joel; Sellares, Jacobo; Sawahata, Michiru; Obi, Ogugua Ndili; Nagai, Sonoko; Tanizawa, Kiminobu; Judson, Marc A; Jeny, Florence; Valeyre, Dominique; Cunha Castro, Marina Dornfeld; Pereira, Carlos; Balter, Meyer; Baughman, Robert P 2021. The impact of demographic disparities in the presentation of sarcoidosis: A multicenter prospective study. Respiratory medicine, 187 , 106564

Baughman, Robert P; Cremers, Johanna P; Harmon, Martina; Lower, Elyse E; Drent, Marjolein 2020. Methotrexate in sarcoidosis: hematologic and hepatic toxicity encountered in a large cohort over a six year period. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 37 3, e2020001

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc 2020. Sarcoidosis: Advances in Therapy. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 41 5, 605-606

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Buchanan, Mindy; Rottoli, Paola; Drent, Marjolein; Sellares, Jacobo; Terwiel, Michelle; Elfferich, Marjon; Francesqui, Joel; Barriuso Cabrerizo, María Rita; Sweiss, Nadera; Martone, Filippo; Al-Hakim, Tamara; Judson, Marc A 2020. Risk and outcome of COVID-19 infection in sarcoidosis patients: results of a self-reporting questionnaire. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 37 4, e2020009

Baughman, Robert P; Scholand, Mary Beth; Rahaghi, Franck F 2020. Clinical phenotyping: role in treatment decisions in sarcoidosis. European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory Society, 29 155,

Gupta, Rohit; Baughman, Robert P 2020. Advanced Pulmonary Sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 41 5, 700-715

Harper, Logan J; Gerke, Alicia K; Wang, Xiao-Feng; Ribeiro Neto, Manuel L; Baughman, Robert P; Beyer, Kelli; Drent, Marjolein; Judson, Marc A; Maier, Lisa A; Serchuck, Leslie; Singh, Noopur; Culver, Daniel A 2020. Income and Other Contributors to Poor Outcomes in U.S. Patients with Sarcoidosis. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 201 8, 955-964

Lo, K H; Donohue, J; Judson, M A; Wu, Y; Barnathan, E S; Baughman, R P 2020. The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire in Pulmonary Sarcoidosis. Lung, 198 6, 917-924

Obi, Ogugua Ndili; Baughman, Robert P 2020. Mixed Obstructive and Restrictive Ventilatory Defect in Sarcoidosis: A New Phenotype? Chest, 158 5, 1816-1817

Patterson, Karen C; Bonham, Catherine A; Wilson, Kevin C; Crouser, Elliott D; Baughman, Robert P; Maier, Lisa A 2020. Reply to P. B. et al., to Fahim and Rosewarne, and to Reich. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 202 9, 1322-1324

Rahaghi, Franck F; Baughman, Robert P; Saketkoo, Lesley Ann; Sweiss, Nadera J; Barney, Joseph B; Birring, Surinder S; Costabel, Ulrich; Crouser, Elliott D; Drent, Marjolein; Gerke, Alicia K; Grutters, Jan C; Hamzeh, Nabeel Y; Huizar, Isham; Ennis James, W; Kalra, Sanjay; Kullberg, Susanna; Li, Huiping; Lower, Elyse E; Maier, Lisa A; Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; Müller-Quernheim, Joachim; Carmona Porquera, Eva M; Samavati, Lobelia; Valeyre, Dominique; Scholand, Mary Beth 2020. Delphi consensus recommendations for a treatment algorithm in pulmonary sarcoidosis. European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory Society, 29 155,

Rahaghi, Franck F; Sweiss, Nadera J; Saketkoo, Lesley Ann; Scholand, Mary Beth; Barney, Joseph B; Gerke, Alicia K; Lower, Elyse E; Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; O'Hare, Lanier; Rumbak, Mark J; Samavati, Lobelia; Baughman, Robert P 2020. Management of repository corticotrophin injection therapy for pulmonary sarcoidosis: a Delphi study. European respiratory review : an official journal of the European Respiratory Society, 29 155,

Sellarés, Jacobo; Francesqui, Joel; Llabres, Marta; Hernandez-Gonzalez, Fernanda; Baughman, Robert P 2020. Current treatment of sarcoidosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 26 5, 591-597

Shlobin, Oksana A; Kouranos, Vasilis; Barnett, Scott D; Alhamad, Esam H; Culver, Daniel A; Barney, Joseph; Cordova, Francis C; Carmona, Eva M; Scholand, Mary Beth; Wijsenbeek, Marlies; Ganesh, Sivagini; Lower, Elyse E; Engel, Peter J; Wort, John; Price, Laura; Wells, Athol U; Nathan, Steven D; Baughman, Robert P 2020. Physiological predictors of survival in patients with sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension: results from an international registry. The European respiratory journal, 55 5,

Singha, Arindam; Liao, Shu-Yi; Herman, Derrick D; Crouser, Elliott D; Maier, Lisa A; Baughman, Robert P; Ruminjo, Joseph K; Thomson, Carey C 2020. Summary for Clinicians: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis and Detection of Sarcoidosis. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 17 12, 1510-1515

Sweiss, Nadera J; Korsten, Peter; Syed, Huzaefah J; Syed, Aamer; Baughman, Robert P; Yee, Arthur M F; Culver, Daniel A; Sosenko, Teresa; Azuma, Arata; Bonella, Francesco; Costabel, Ulrich; Drake, Wonder P; Drent, Marjolein; Lower, Elyse E; Israel-Biet, Dominique; Mostard, Remy L M; Nunes, Hilario; Rottoli, Paola; Spagnolo, Paolo; Wells, Athol U; Wuyts, Wim A; Judson, Marc A 2020. When the Game Changes: Guidance to Adjust Sarcoidosis Management During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. Chest, 158 3, 892-895

Syed, Huzaefah; Ascoli, Christian; Linssen, Catharina Fm; Vagts, Christen; Iden, Thomas; Syed, Aamer; Kron, Jordana; Polly, Kelly; Perkins, David; Finn, Patricia W; Novak, Richard; Drent, Marjolein; Baughman, Robert; Sweiss, Nadera J 2020. Infection prevention in sarcoidosis: proposal for vaccination and prophylactic therapy. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 37 2, 87-98

Trivieri, Maria Giovanna; Spagnolo, Paolo; Birnie, David; Liu, Peter; Drake, Wonder; Kovacic, Jason C; Baughman, Robert; Fayad, Zahi A; Judson, Marc A 2020. Challenges in Cardiac and Pulmonary Sarcoidosis: JACC State-of-the-Art Review. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 76 16, 1878-1901

Baughman, Robert P; Tillinger, Michael; Qin, Yimin; Sweiss, Nadera; Lower, Elyse E 2019. A composite score to assess treatment response in pulmonary sarcoidosis: the Sarcoidosis Treatment Score (STS). Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 36 1, 86-88

Baughman, Robert P; Wells, Athol 2019. Advanced sarcoidosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 25 5, 497-504

Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Bari, Khurram; Baughman, Robert P; Ramos-Casals, Manuel 2019. Sarcoidosis Involving the Gastrointestinal Tract: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Management. The American journal of gastroenterology, 114 8, 1238-1247

Kampstra, Nynke A; Grutters, Jan C; van Beek, Frouke T; Culver, Daniel A; Baughman, Robert P; Renzoni, Elisabetta A; Wuyts, Wim; Kouranos, Vaslis; Wijsenbeek, Marlies S; Biesma, Douwe H; van der Wees, Philip J; van der Nat, Paul B 2019. First patient-centred set of outcomes for pulmonary sarcoidosis: a multicentre initiative. BMJ open respiratory research, 6 1, e000394

Kampstra, Nynke A; van der Nat, Paul B; Dijksman, Lea M; van Beek, Frouke T; Culver, Daniel A; Baughman, Robert P; Renzoni, Elisabetta A; Wuyts, Wim; Kouranos, Vasilis; Zanen, Pieter; Wijsenbeek, Marlies S; Eijkemans, Marinus J C; Biesma, Douwe H; van der Wees, Philip J; Grutters, Jan C 2019. Results of the standard set for pulmonary sarcoidosis: feasibility and multicentre outcomes. ERJ open research, 5 4,

Lower, Elyse E; Sturdivant, Madison; Baughman, Robert P 2019. Presence of onconeural antibodies in sarcoidosis patients with parasarcoidosis syndrome. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 36 4, 254-260

Martusewicz-Boros, Magdalena M; Boros, Piotr W; Wiatr, El?bieta; Zych, Jacek; Kempisty, Anna; Kram, Marek; Piotrowska-Kownacka, Dorota; Weso?owski, Stefan; Baughman, Robert P; Roszkowski-Sli?, Kazimierz 2019. Cardiac sarcoidosis: worse pulmonary function due to left ventricular ejection fraction?: A case-control study. Medicine, 98 47, e18037

Ramos-Casals, Manuel; Kostov, Belchin; Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Sisó-Almirall, Antoni; Baughman, Robert P 2019. How the Frequency and Phenotype of Sarcoidosis is Driven by Environmental Determinants. Lung, 197 4, 427-436

Trisolini, Rocco; Baughman, Robert P; Spagnolo, Paolo; Culver, Daniel A 2019. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in sarcoidosis: Beyond the diagnostic yield. Respirology (Carlton, Vic.), 24 6, 531-542

Voortman, Mareye; Drent, Marjolein; Baughman, Robert P 2019. Management of neurosarcoidosis: a clinical challenge. Current opinion in neurology, 32 3, 475-483

Baughman, Robert P; Barriuso, Rita; Beyer, Kelli; Boyd, Jeanette; Hochreiter, Johann; Knoet, Chris; Martone, Filippo; Quadder, Bernd; Richardson, Jack; Spitzer, Ginger; Valeyre, Dominique; Ziosi, Gianluca 2018. Sarcoidosis: patient treatment priorities. ERJ open research, 4 4,

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2018. Steroids for sarcoidosis: How much and for how long? Respiratory medicine, 138S , S5-S6

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Kirkil, Gamze 2018. Response. Chest, 153 6, 1507-1508

Baughman, Robert P; Shlobin, Oksana A; Wells, Athol U; Alhamad, Esam H; Culver, Daniel A; Barney, Joseph; Cordova, Francis C; Carmona, Eva M; Scholand, Mary Beth; Wijsenbeek, Marlies; Ganesh, Sivagini; Birring, Surinder S; Kouranos, Vasilis; O'Hare, Lanier; Baran, Joanne M; Cal, Joseph G; Lower, Elyse E; Engel, Peter J; Nathan, Steven D 2018. Clinical features of sarcoidosis associated pulmonary hypertension: Results of a multi-national registry. Respiratory medicine, 139 , 72-78

Bickett, Alexandra N; Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P 2018. Sarcoidosis Diagnostic Score: A Systematic Evaluation to Enhance the Diagnosis of Sarcoidosis. Chest, 154 5, 1052-1060

Celada, Lindsay J; Kropski, Jonathan A; Herazo-Maya, Jose D; Luo, Weifeng; Creecy, Amy; Abad, Andrew T; Chioma, Ozioma S; Lee, Grace; Hassell, Natalie E; Shaginurova, Guzel I; Wang, Yufen; Johnson, Joyce E; Kerrigan, Amy; Mason, Wendi R; Baughman, Robert P; Ayers, Gregory D; Bernard, Gordon R; Culver, Daniel A; Montgomery, Courtney G; Maher, Toby M; Molyneaux, Philip L; Noth, Imre; Mutsaers, Steven E; Prele, Cecilia M; Peebles, R S; Newcomb, Dawn C; Kaminski, Naftali; Blackwell, Timothy S; Van Kaer, Luc; Drake, Wonder P 2018. PD-1 up-regulation on CD4+ T cells promotes pulmonary fibrosis through STAT3-mediated IL-17A and TGF-?1 production. Science translational medicine, 10 460,

Cooley, Joseph; Balestra, Rick; Aragaki-Nakahodo, Alejandro A; Caudell Stamper, Danielle N; Sriprasart, Thitiwat; Swank, Zulma; Baughman, Robert P; Benzaquen, Sadia 2018. Safety of performing transbronchial lung cryobiopsy on hospitalized patients with interstitial lung disease. Respiratory medicine, 140 , 71-76

Culver, Daniel A; Baughman, Robert P 2018. It's time to evolve from Scadding: phenotyping sarcoidosis. The European respiratory journal, 51 1,

Irwin, Richard S; Manaker, Scott; Metersky, Mark L; Baughman, Robert P; Otulana, Tunde; Weinberger, Steven E; Sussman, Andrew J; McGrath, Norine A 2018. Higher Priced Older Pharmaceuticals: How Should We Respond? Chest, 153 1, 23-33

James, W Ennis; Baughman, Robert 2018. Treatment of sarcoidosis: grading the evidence. Expert review of clinical pharmacology, 11 7, 677-687

Kamata, Yoshinori; Sato, Hiroshi; Joh, Kensuke; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori; Kunugi, Shinobu; Shimizu, Akira; Konta, Tsuneo; Baughman, Robert P; Azuma, Arata 2018. Clinical characteristics of biopsy-proven renal sarcoidosis in Japan. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 35 3, 252-260

Kirkil, Gamze; Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P 2018. Predictors of Mortality in Pulmonary Sarcoidosis. Chest, 153 1, 105-113

Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; Omar, Hesham R; Calzadilla, Andrew; Khatib, Ahmad El; Whitney, Philip; Sweiss, Nadera; Culver, Daniel; Campos, Michael; Baughman, Robert; Machado, Roberto 2018. Circulatory TGF-beta1 is significantly higher in early stage of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 35 3, 213-217

Pirozzi, Cheryl S; Mendoza, Daniel L; Xu, Yizhe; Zhang, Yue; Scholand, Mary Beth; Baughman, Robert P 2018. Short-Term Particulate Air Pollution Exposure is Associated with Increased Severity of Respiratory and Quality of Life Symptoms in Patients with Fibrotic Sarcoidosis. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15 6,

Spagnolo, Paolo; Rossi, Giulio; Trisolini, Rocco; Sverzellati, Nicola; Baughman, Robert P; Wells, Athol U 2018. Sarcoidosis: is cryobiopsy not cool enough? - Authors' reply. The Lancet. Respiratory medicine, 6 9, e45

Spagnolo, Paolo; Rossi, Giulio; Trisolini, Rocco; Sverzellati, Nicola; Baughman, Robert P; Wells, Athol U 2018. Pulmonary sarcoidosis. The Lancet. Respiratory medicine, 6 5, 389-402

Stern, Barney J; Royal, Walter; Gelfand, Jeffrey M; Clifford, David B; Tavee, Jinny; Pawate, Siddharama; Berger, Joseph R; Aksamit, Allen J; Krumholz, Allan; Pardo, Carlos A; Moller, David R; Judson, Marc A; Drent, Marjolein; Baughman, Robert P 2018. Definition and Consensus Diagnostic Criteria for Neurosarcoidosis: From the Neurosarcoidosis Consortium Consensus Group. JAMA neurology, 75 12, 1546-1553

Aragaki-Nakahodo, Alejandro Adolfo; Baughman, Robert P; Shipley, Ralph T; Benzaquen, Sadia 2017. The complimentary role of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy and endobronchial ultrasound fine needle aspiration in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Respiratory medicine, 131 , 65-69

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A; Wells, Athol 2017. The indications for the treatment of sarcoidosis: Wells Law. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 34 4, 280-282

Baughman, Robert P; Papanikolaou, Ilias 2017. Current concepts regarding calcium metabolism and bone health in sarcoidosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 23 5, 476-481

Baughman, Robert P; Shlobin, Oksana A 2017. Treatment of sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension: so close, and yet so far. The European respiratory journal, 50 4,

Baughman, Robert P; Sweiss, Nadera; Keijsers, Ruth; Birring, Surinder S; Shipley, Ralph; Saketkoo, Lesley Ann; Lower, Elyse E 2017. Repository corticotropin for Chronic Pulmonary Sarcoidosis. Lung, 195 3, 313-322

Baughman, Robert P; Veltkamp, Marcel 2017. Sarcoidosis update: approaching the disease from multiple directions. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 23 5, 432

Berg, Sara A; Yeung, Howa; English, Joseph C; Keimig, Emily L; Kim, Ellen J; Micheletti, Robert G; Wanat, Karolyn A; Judson, Marc A; Baughman, Robert P; Rosenbach, Misha 2017. Inter-rater reliability of cutaneous sarcoidosis assessment tools via remote photographic assessment. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 34 2, 165-169

Lower, Elyse E; Khan, Shagufta; Kennedy, Diane; Baughman, Robert P 2017. Discordance of the estrogen receptor and HER-2/neu in breast cancer from primary lesion to first and second metastatic site. Breast cancer (Dove Medical Press), 9 , 515-520

Monast, C S; Li, K; Judson, M A; Baughman, R P; Wadman, E; Watt, R; Silkoff, P E; Barnathan, E S; Brodmerkel, C 2017. Sarcoidosis extent relates to molecular variability. Clinical and experimental immunology, 188 3, 444-454

Sauer, William H; Stern, Barney J; Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A; Royal, Walter 2017. High-Risk Sarcoidosis. Current Concepts and Research Imperatives. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 14 Supplement_6, S437-S444

Shlobin, Oksana A; Baughman, Robert P 2017. Sarcoidosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 38 4, 450-462

Sriprasart, Thitiwat; Aragaki, Alejandro; Baughman, Robert; Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Kathryn; Khanna, Gaurav; Tanase, Daniel; Kirschner, Michelle; Benzaquen, Sadia 2017. A Single US Center Experience of Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy for Diagnosing Interstitial Lung Disease With a 2-Scope Technique. Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology, 24 2, 131-135

Tandon, Rajive; Baughman, Robert P; Stanley, Janice; Khan, Ali A 2017. The link between chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and sarcoidosis: association or visual masquerade? Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 34 4, 352-355

Uzunhan, Yurdagül; Nunes, Hilario; Jeny, Florence; Lacroix, Maxime; Brun, Sophie; Brillet, Pierre-Yves; Martinod, Emmanuel; Carette, Marie-France; Bouvry, Diane; Charlier, Caroline; Lanternier, Fanny; Planès, Carole; Tazi, Abdellatif; Lortholary, Olivier; Baughman, Robert P; Valeyre, Dominique 2017. Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis complicating sarcoidosis. The European respiratory journal, 49 6,

Zhou, Ying; Lower, Elyse E; Li, Hui-Ping; Costea, Alexandru; Attari, Mehran; Baughman, Robert P 2017. Cardiac Sarcoidosis: The Impact of Age and Implanted Devices on Survival. Chest, 151 1, 139-148

Zhou, Ying; Lower, Elyse E; Li, Huiping; Farhey, Yolanda; Baughman, Robert P 2017. Clinical characteristics of patients with bone sarcoidosis. Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism, 47 1, 143-148

Al-Kofahi, Khalid; Korsten, Peter; Ascoli, Christian; Virupannavar, Shanti; Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; Chang, Ian; Qaqish, Naim; Saketkoo, Lesley A; Baughman, Robert P; Sweiss, Nadera J 2016. Management of extrapulmonary sarcoidosis: challenges and solutions. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 12 , 1623-1634

Baughman, Robert P; Barney, Joseph B; O'Hare, Lanier; Lower, Elyse E 2016. A retrospective pilot study examining the use of Acthar gel in sarcoidosis patients. Respiratory medicine, 110 , 66-72

Baughman, Robert P; Field, Shelli; Costabel, Ulrich; Crystal, Ronald G; Culver, Daniel A; Drent, Marjolein; Judson, Marc A; Wolff, Gerhard 2016. Sarcoidosis in America. Analysis Based on Health Care Use. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 13 8, 1244-52

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A; Lower, Elyse E; Drent, Marjolein; Costabel, Ulrich; Flavin, Susan; Lo, Kim Hung; Barnathan, Elliot S 2016. Infliximab for chronic cutaneous sarcoidosis: a subset analysis from a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 32 4, 289-95

Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Pérez-Alvarez, Roberto; Pallarés, Lucio; Retamozo, Soledad; Baughman, Robert P; Ramos-Casals, Manuel 2016. Sarcoidosis: an update on current pharmacotherapy options and future directions. Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy, 17 18, 2431-2448

Ford, H J; Baughman, R P; Aris, R; Engel, P; Donohue, J F 2016. Tadalafil therapy for sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary circulation, 6 4, 557-562

Korsten, Peter; Strohmayer, Katharina; Baughman, Robert P; Sweiss, Nadera J 2016. Refractory pulmonary sarcoidosis - proposal of a definition and recommendations for the diagnostic and therapeutic approach. Clinical pulmonary medicine, 23 2, 67-75

Saketkoo, Lesley Ann; Baughman, Robert P 2016. Biologic therapies in the treatment of sarcoidosis. Expert review of clinical immunology, 12 8, 817-25

Zhou, Ying; Lower, Elyse E; Li, Huiping; Baughman, Robert P 2016. Clinical management of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Expert review of respiratory medicine, 10 5, 577-91

Zhou, Ying; Lower, Elyse E; Li, Huiping; Baughman, Robert P 2016. Sarcoidosis patient with lupus pernio and infliximab-induced myositis: Response to Acthar gel. Respiratory medicine case reports, 17 , 5-7

Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A 2015. Sarcoidosis. Clinics in chest medicine, 36 4, xv

Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A; Jankovi, Vladimir; Fischkoff, Steven; Brockway, Giorgia; Lower, Elyse E 2015. Placenta-derived mesenchymal-like cells (PDA-001) as therapy for chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis: a phase 1 study. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 32 2, 106-14

Baughman, Robert P; Engel, Peter J; Nathan, Steven 2015. Pulmonary Hypertension in Sarcoidosis. Clinics in chest medicine, 36 4, 703-14

Baughman, Robert P; Grutters, Jan C 2015. New treatment strategies for pulmonary sarcoidosis: antimetabolites, biological drugs, and other treatment approaches. The Lancet. Respiratory medicine, 3 10, 813-22

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2015. Treatment of Sarcoidosis. Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology, 49 1, 79-92

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2015. Features of sarcoidosis associated with chronic disease. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 31 4, 275-81

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Saketkoo, Lesley Ann 2015. Clinical trials in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 21 5, 525-31

Krupa, Agnieszka; Fol, Marek; Dziadek, Bozena R; Kepka, Ewa; Wojciechowska, Dominika; Brzostek, Anna; Torzewska, Agnieszka; Dziadek, Jaroslaw; Baughman, Robert P; Griffith, David; Kurdowska, Anna K 2015. Binding of CXCL8/IL-8 to Mycobacterium tuberculosis Modulates the Innate Immune Response. Mediators of inflammation, 2015 , 124762

Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; Machado, Roberto F; Schraufnagel, Dean; Sweiss, Nadera J; Baughman, Robert P 2015. Response. Chest, 147 2, e65-e66

Mirsaeidi, Mehdi; Machado, Roberto F; Schraufnagel, Dean; Sweiss, Nadera J; Baughman, Robert P 2015. Racial difference in sarcoidosis mortality in the United States. Chest, 147 2, 438-449

Zhou, Y; Wei, Y-R; Zhang, Y; Du, S-S; Baughman, R P; Li, H-P 2015. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to detect propionibacterial ribosomal RNA in the lymph nodes of Chinese patients with sarcoidosis. Clinical and experimental immunology, 181 3, 511-7

Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A; Cordova, Francis C; Padilla, Maria; Gibson, Kevin F; Lower, Elyse E; Engel, Peter J 2014. Bosentan for sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension: a double-blind placebo controlled randomized trial. Chest, 145 4, 810-817

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A 2014. Relapses of sarcoidosis: what are they and can we predict who will get them? The European respiratory journal, 43 2, 337-9

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2014. Medical therapy of sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 35 3, 391-406

Carbone, Roberto G; Penna, Daniele; Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2014. Accuracy of Serial PET-CT Imaging in Systemic Sarcoidosis. Journal of clinical imaging science, 4 , 21

Judson, Marc A; Baughman, Robert P 2014. Worsening of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 20 5, 508-16

Judson, Marc A; Baughman, Robert P; Costabel, Ulrich; Drent, Marjolein; Gibson, Kevin F; Raghu, Ganesh; Shigemitsu, Hidenobu; Barney, Joseph B; Culver, Daniel A; Hamzeh, Nabeel Y; Wijsenbeek, Marlies S; Albera, Carlo; Huizar, Isham; Agarwal, Prasheen; Brodmerkel, Carrie; Watt, Rosemary; Barnathan, Elliot S 2014. Safety and efficacy of ustekinumab or golimumab in patients with chronic sarcoidosis. The European respiratory journal, 44 5, 1296-307

Judson, Marc A; Baughman, Robert P; Costabel, Ulrich; Mack, Michael; Barnathan, Elliot S 2014. The potential additional benefit of infliximab in patients with chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis already receiving corticosteroids: a retrospective analysis from a randomized clinical trial. Respiratory medicine, 108 1, 189-94

Pereira, Carlos A C; Dornfeld, Marina C; Baughman, Robert; Judson, Marc A 2014. Clinical phenotypes in sarcoidosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 20 5, 496-502

Baughman, R P 2013. Treatment of sarcoidosis. Panminerva medica, 55 2, 175-89

Baughman, R P; Janovcik, J; Ray, M; Sweiss, N; Lower, E E 2013. ??Calcium and vitamin D metabolism in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 30 2, 113-20

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2013. Frequency of acute worsening events in fibrotic pulmonary sarcoidosis patients. Respiratory medicine, 107 12, 2009-13

Baughman, Robert P; Nunes, Hilario; Sweiss, Nadera J; Lower, Elyse E 2013. Established and experimental medical therapy of pulmonary sarcoidosis. The European respiratory journal, 41 6, 1424-38

Julian, Mark W; Shao, Guohong; Schlesinger, Larry S; Huang, Qin; Cosmar, David G; Bhatt, Nitin Y; Culver, Daniel A; Baughman, Robert P; Wood, Karen L; Crouser, Elliott D 2013. Nicotine treatment improves Toll-like receptor 2 and Toll-like receptor 9 responsiveness in active pulmonary sarcoidosis. Chest, 143 2, 461-470

Lower, Elyse E; Malhotra, Atul; Sudurlescu, Victoria; Baughman, Robert P 2013. Sarcoidosis, fatigue, and sleep apnea. Chest, 144 6, 1976-1977

Lower, Elyse E; Malhotra, Atul; Surdulescu, Victoria; Baughman, Robert P 2013. Armodafinil for sarcoidosis-associated fatigue: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Journal of pain and symptom management, 45 2, 159-69

Narula, Tathagat; Baughman, Robert P; Mehta, Atul C 2013. "Sarcoidosis Americana-route Europa". Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology, 20 4, 293-6

Baughman, R P; Drent, M; Culver, D A; Grutters, J C; Handa, T; Humbert, M; Judson, M A; Lower, E E; Mana, J; Pereira, C A; Prasse, A; Sulica, R; Valyere, D; Vucinic, V; Wells, A U 2012. Endpoints for clinical trials of sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 29 2, 90-8

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E; Ingledue, R; Kaufman, A H 2012. Management of ocular sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 29 1, 26-33

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Gibson, Kevin 2012. Pulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis. Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983), 41 6 Pt 2, e289-302

Baughman, Robert P; Meyer, Keith C; Nathanson, Ian; Angel, Luis; Bhorade, Sangeeta M; Chan, Kevin M; Culver, Daniel; Harrod, Christopher G; Hayney, Mary S; Highland, Kristen B; Limper, Andrew H; Patrick, Herbert; Strange, Charlie; Whelan, Timothy 2012. Monitoring of nonsteroidal immunosuppressive drugs in patients with lung disease and lung transplant recipients: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest, 142 5, e1S-e111S

Baughman, Robert P; Meyer, Keith C; Nathanson, Ian; Angel, Luis; Bhorade, Sangeeta M; Chan, Kevin M; Culver, Daniel; Harrod, Christopher G; Hayney, Mary S; Highland, Kristen B; Limper, Andrew H; Patrick, Herbert; Strange, Charlie; Whelan, Timothy 2012. Executive summary: monitoring of nonsteroidal immunosuppressive drugs in patients with lung disease and lung transplant recipients: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest, 142 5, 1284-1288

Baughman, Robert P; Nunes, Hilario 2012. Therapy for sarcoidosis: evidence-based recommendations. Expert review of clinical immunology, 8 1, 95-103

Baughman, Robert P; Weiss, Kenneth L; Golnik, Karl C 2012. Neuro-ophthalmic sarcoidosis. Eye and brain, 4 , 13-25

Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P; Kaufman, Adam H 2012. Rituximab for refractory granulomatous eye disease. Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.), 6 , 1613-8

Baughman, R P; Nagai, S; Balter, M; Costabel, U; Drent, M; du Bois, R; Grutters, J C; Judson, M A; Lambiri, I; Lower, E E; Muller-Quernheim, J; Prasse, A; Rizzato, G; Rottoli, P; Spagnolo, P; Teirstein, A 2011. Defining the clinical outcome status (COS) in sarcoidosis: results of WASOG Task Force. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 28 1, 56-64

Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A; Judson, Marc A 2011. A concise review of pulmonary sarcoidosis. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 183 5, 573-81

Baughman, Robert P; Culver, Daniel A; Costabel, Ulrich 2010. Sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 31 4, 373-4

Baughman, Robert P; Engel, Peter J; Taylor, Lisa; Lower, Elyse E 2010. Survival in sarcoidosis-associated pulmonary hypertension: the importance of hemodynamic evaluation. Chest, 138 5, 1078-85

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Kaufman, Adam H 2010. Ocular sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 31 4, 452-62

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Tami, Thomas 2010. Upper airway. 4: Sarcoidosis of the upper respiratory tract (SURT). Thorax, 65 2, 181-6

Baughman, R P; Judson, M A; Lower, E E; Highland, K; Kwon, S; Craft, N; Engel, P J 2009. Inhaled iloprost for sarcoidosis associated pulmonary hypertension. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 26 2, 110-20

Baughman, Robert P; Shipley, Ralph; Desai, Sujal; Drent, Marjolein; Judson, Marc A; Costabel, Ulrich; du Bois, Roland M; Kavuru, Mani; Schlenker-Herceg, Rozsa; Flavin, Susan; Lo, Kim Hung; Barnathan, Elliot S 2009. Changes in chest roentgenogram of sarcoidosis patients during a clinical trial of infliximab therapy: comparison of different methods of evaluation. Chest, 136 2, 526-535

de Kleijn, W P E; Elfferich, M D P; De Vries, J; Jonker, G J; Lower, E E; Baughman, R P; King, T E; Drent, M 2009. Fatigue in sarcoidosis: American versus Dutch patients. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 26 2, 92-7

Engel, Peter J; Baughman, Robert P 2009. Treatment of right ventricular dysfunction in pulmonary arterial hypertension: theoretical considerations. Medical hypotheses, 73 3, 448-52

Baughman, Robert P; Costabel, Ulrich; du Bois, Ronald M 2008. Treatment of sarcoidosis. Clinics in chest medicine, 29 3, 533-48, ix-x

Baughman, Robert P; Drent, Marjolein 2008. Preface. Sarcoidosis. Clinics in chest medicine, 29 3, xiii-xiv

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A; Teirstein, Alvin; Lower, Elyse E; Lo, Kim; Schlenker-Herceg, Rozsa; Barnathan, Elliot S 2008. Chronic facial sarcoidosis including lupus pernio: clinical description and proposed scoring systems. American journal of clinical dermatology, 9 3, 155-61

Lower, Elyse E; Harman, Stacy; Baughman, Robert P 2008. Double-blind, randomized trial of dexmethylphenidate hydrochloride for the treatment of sarcoidosis-associated fatigue. Chest, 133 5, 1189-95

Baughman, Robert P 2007. Technical aspects of bronchoalveolar lavage: recommendations for a standard procedure. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 28 5, 475-85

Baughman, Robert P 2007. Pulmonary hypertension associated with sarcoidosis. Arthritis research & therapy, 9 Suppl 2 , S8

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2007. Six-minute walk test in managing and monitoring sarcoidosis patients. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 13 5, 439-44

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2007. Novel therapies for sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 28 1, 128-33

Baughman, Robert P; Sparkman, Brian K; Lower, Elyse E 2007. Six-minute walk test and health status assessment in sarcoidosis. Chest, 132 1, 207-13

Engel, Peter J; Baughman, Robert P; Menon, Santosh G; Kereiakes, Dean J; Taylor, Lisa; Scott, Mark 2007. Pulmonary hypertension in neurofibromatosis. The American journal of cardiology, 99 8, 1177-8

Baughman, R P; Judson, M A; Teirstein, A; Yeager, H; Rossman, M; Knatterud, G L; Thompson, B 2006. Presenting characteristics as predictors of duration of treatment in sarcoidosis. QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians, 99 5, 307-15

Baughman, Robert P; Drent, Marjolein; Kavuru, Mani; Judson, Marc A; Costabel, Ulrich; du Bois, Roland; Albera, Carlo; Brutsche, Martin; Davis, Gerald; Donohue, James F; Müller-Quernheim, Joachim; Schlenker-Herceg, Rozsa; Flavin, Susan; Lo, Kim Hung; Oemar, Barry; Barnathan, Elliot S 2006. Infliximab therapy in patients with chronic sarcoidosis and pulmonary involvement. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 174 7, 795-802

Baughman, Robert P; Engel, Peter J; Meyer, Cris A; Barrett, Amanda B; Lower, Elyse E 2006. Pulmonary hypertension in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 23 2, 108-16

Bradley, Deborah A; Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P 2006. Diagnosis and management of spinal cord sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 23 1, 58-65

Baughman, R P; Bradley, D A; Lower, E E 2005. Infliximab in chronic ocular inflammation. International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, 43 1, 7-11

Baughman, R P; Glauser, M P 2005. Managing serious infections in the hospital: a new model. Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 11 Suppl 5 , 1-3

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 2005. Fungal infections as a complication of therapy for sarcoidosis. QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians, 98 6, 451-6

Baughman, Robert P 2005. Microbiologic diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Clinics in chest medicine, 26 1, 81-6

Baughman, Robert P 2005. Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Microbes and infection, 7 2, 262-7

Baughman, Robert P 2005. Considerations in the choice and administration of agents for empiric antimicrobial therapy. Surgical infections, 6 Suppl 2 , S-71-82

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; Bradley, Deborah A; Raymond, Lawrence A; Kaufman, Adam 2005. Etanercept for refractory ocular sarcoidosis: results of a double-blind randomized trial. Chest, 128 2, 1062-47

Baughman, Robert P 2004. Pulmonary sarcoidosis. Clinics in chest medicine, 25 3, 521-30, vi

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2004. Leflunomide for chronic sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 21 1, 43-8

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2004. Newer therapies for cutaneous sarcoidosis: the role of thalidomide and other agents. American journal of clinical dermatology, 5 6, 385-94

Engel, Peter J; Baughman, Robert; Johnson, Heide; Kereikes, Dean J 2004. Reversible pulmonary hypertension in a patient treated with protacyclin. The Journal of invasive cardiology, 16 11, 660-2

Baughman, R P; Lynch, J P 2003. Difficult treatment issues in sarcoidosis. Journal of internal medicine, 253 1, 41-5

Baughman, Robert P 2003. Diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Current opinion in critical care, 9 5, 397-402

Baughman, Robert P 2003. Nonbronchoscopic evaluation of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Seminars in respiratory infections, 18 2, 95-102

Baughman, Robert P; Iannuzzi, Michael 2003. Tumour necrosis factor in sarcoidosis and its potential for targeted therapy. BioDrugs : clinical immunotherapeutics, biopharmaceuticals and gene therapy, 17 6, 425-31

Baughman, Robert P; Koehler, Allison; Bejarano, Pablo A; Lower, Elyse E; Weber, Fredrick L 2003. Role of liver function tests in detecting methotrexate-induced liver damage in sarcoidosis. Archives of internal medicine, 163 5, 615-20

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E; du Bois, Roland M 2003. Sarcoidosis. Lancet (London, England), 361 9363, 1111-8

Baughman, Robert P 2002. Extrapulmonary sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 23 6, 503

Baughman, Robert P 2002. Antibiotic resistance in the intensive care unit. Current opinion in critical care, 8 5, 430-4

Baughman, Robert P 2002. Therapeutic options for sarcoidosis: new and old. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 8 5, 464-9

Baughman, Robert P; Henderson, Rogene F; Whitsett, Jeffrey; Gunther, Karen L; Keeton, Deborah A; Waide, James J; Zaccardelli, David S; Pattishall, Edward N; Rashkin, Mitchell C 2002. Surfactant replacement for ventilator-associated pneumonia: a preliminary report. Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases, 69 1, 57-62

Baughman, Robert P; Iannuzzi, Michael C; Lower, Elyse E; Moller, David R; Balkissoon, Ronald C; Winget, Donna B; Judson, Marc A 2002. Use of fluticasone in acute symptomatic pulmonary sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 19 3, 198-204

Baughman, Robert P; Judson, Marc A; Teirstein, Alvin S; Moller, David R; Lower, Elyse E 2002. Thalidomide for chronic sarcoidosis. Chest, 122 1, 227-32

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2002. Therapy for extrapulmonary sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 23 6, 589-96

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E 2002. Can persistent tumor necrosis factor release lead to refractory sarcoidosis? Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 19 3, 164-6

Bradley, Deborah; Baughman, Robert P; Raymond, Lawrence; Kaufman, Adam H 2002. Ocular manifestations of sarcoidosis. Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 23 6, 543-8

Amin, R S; Wert, S E; Baughman, R P; Tomashefski, J F; Nogee, L M; Brody, A S; Hull, W M; Whitsett, J A 2001. Surfactant protein deficiency in familial interstitial lung disease. The Journal of pediatrics, 139 1, 85-92

Baughman, R P; Alabi, F O 2001. Nonsteroidal therapy for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 7 5, 309-13

Baughman, R P; Drent, M 2001. Role of bronchoalveolar lavage in interstitial lung disease. Clinics in chest medicine, 22 2, 331-41

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 2001. Infliximab for refractory sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 18 1, 70-4

Baughman, R P; Ohmichi, M; Lower, E E 2001. Combination therapy for sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 18 2, 133-7

Baughman, R P; Teirstein, A S; Judson, M A; Rossman, M D; Yeager, H; Bresnitz, E A; DePalo, L; Hunninghake, G; Iannuzzi, M C; Johns, C J; McLennan, G; Moller, D R; Newman, L S; Rabin, D L; Rose, C; Rybicki, B; Weinberger, S E; Terrin, M L; Knatterud, G L; Cherniak, R 2001. Clinical characteristics of patients in a case control study of sarcoidosis. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 164 10 Pt 1, 1885-9

Lower, E E; Hawkins, H H; Baughman, R P 2001. Breast disease in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 18 3, 301-6

Baughman, R P 2000. Protected-specimen brush technique in the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chest, 117 4 Suppl 2, 203S-206S

Baughman, R P; Pina, E 2000. Infections in acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis: what are they and how do we know? Seminars in respiratory and critical care medicine, 21 2, 87-96

Baughman, R P; Spencer, R E; Kleykamp, B O; Rashkin, M C; Douthit, M M 2000. Ventilator associated pneumonia: quality of nonbronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage sample affects diagnostic yield. The European respiratory journal, 16 6, 1152-7

Baughman, R P; Winget, D B; Lower, E E 2000. Methotrexate is steroid sparing in acute sarcoidosis: results of a double blind, randomized trial. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 17 1, 60-6

Dohn, M N; White, M L; Vigdorth, E M; Ralph Buncher, C; Hertzberg, V S; Baughman, R P; George Smulian, A; Walzer, P D 2000. Geographic clustering of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with HIV infection. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 162 5, 1617-21

Baughman, R P 1999. The lung in the immunocompromised patient. Infectious complications Part 1. Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases, 66 2, 95-109

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 1999. A clinical approach to the use of methotrexate for sarcoidosis. Thorax, 54 8, 742-6

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E; Miller, M A; Bejarano, P A; Heffelfinger, S C 1999. Overexpression of transforming growth factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor-receptor in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 16 1, 57-61

Baughman, R P; Pina, E M 1999. Role of bronchoscopy in lung cancer research. Clinics in chest medicine, 20 1, 191-9

Baughman, R P; Tapson, V; McIvor, A 1999. The diagnosis and treatment challenges in nosocomial pneumonia. Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease, 33 2, 131-9

Kaneshiro, E S; Amit, Z; Chandra, J; Baughman, R P; Contini, C; Lundgren, B 1999. Sterols of Pneumocystis carinii hominis organisms isolated from human lungs. Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology, 6 6, 970-6

Baughman, R P 1998. Methotrexate for sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 15 2, 147-9

Baughman, R P; Conrado, C E 1998. Diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections: what we have and what would be nice. Chest, 113 3 Suppl, 219S-223S

Baughman, R P; Liming, J D 1998. Diagnostic strategies in Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Frontiers in bioscience : a journal and virtual library, 3 , e1-12

Baughman, R P; Sharma, O P; Lynch, J P 1998. Sarcoidosis: is therapy effective? Seminars in respiratory infections, 13 3, 255-73

Baughman, R P; Keely, S P; Dohn, M N; Stringer, J R 1997. The use of genetic markers to characterize transmission of Pneumocystis carinii. AIDS patient care and STDs, 11 3, 131-8

Baughman, R P; Keeton, D A; Perez, C; Wilmott, R W 1997. Use of bronchoalveolar lavage semiquantitative cultures in cystic fibrosis. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 156 1, 286-91

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 1997. Steroid-sparing alternative treatments for sarcoidosis. Clinics in chest medicine, 18 4, 853-64

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 1997. Alternatives to corticosteroids in the treatment of sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 14 2, 121-30

Baughman, R P; Winget, D B; Bowen, E H; Lower, E E 1997. Predicting respiratory failure in sarcoidosis patients. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 14 2, 154-8

Lower, E E; Broderick, J P; Brott, T G; Baughman, R P 1997. Diagnosis and management of neurological sarcoidosis. Archives of internal medicine, 157 16, 1864-8

Turner, G A; Lower, E E; Corser, B C; Gunther, K L; Baughman, R P 1997. Sleep apnea in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, vasculitis, and diffuse lung diseases : official journal of WASOG, 14 1, 61-4

Baughman, R P; Fernandez, M 1996. Radionuclide imaging in interstitial lung disease. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 2 5, 376-9

Baughman, R P; Gunther, K L; Rashkin, M C; Keeton, D A; Pattishall, E N 1996. Changes in the inflammatory response of the lung during acute respiratory distress syndrome: prognostic indicators. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 154 1, 76-81

Bejarano, P A; Baughman, R P; Biddinger, P W; Miller, M A; Fenoglio-Preiser, C; al-Kafaji, B; Di Lauro, R; Whitsett, J A 1996. Surfactant proteins and thyroid transcription factor-1 in pulmonary and breast carcinomas. Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 9 4, 445-52

Keely, S P; Baughman, R P; Smulian, A G; Dohn, M N; Stringer, J R 1996. Source of Pneumocystis carinii in recurrent episodes of pneumonia in AIDS patients. AIDS (London, England), 10 8, 881-8

Hayner, C E; Baughman, R P; Linnemann, C C; Dohn, M N 1995. The relationship between cytomegalovirus retrieved by bronchoalveolar lavage and mortality in patients with HIV. Chest, 107 3, 735-40

Keely, S P; Stringer, J R; Baughman, R P; Linke, M J; Walzer, P D; Smulian, A G 1995. Genetic variation among Pneumocystis carinii hominis isolates in recurrent pneumocystosis. The Journal of infectious diseases, 172 2, 595-8

Lower, E E; Baughman, R P 1995. Prolonged use of methotrexate for sarcoidosis. Archives of internal medicine, 155 8, 846-51

Sternberg, R I; Whitsett, J A; Hull, W M; Baughman, R P 1995. Pneumocystis carinii alters surfactant protein A concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 125 4, 462-9

Baughman, R P; DeSante, K A; Lanier, T L; Conforti, P M; Sides, G D 1994. The penetration of dirithromycin into bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and alveolar macrophages. The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 33 5, 1045-50

Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; Frame, P T 1994. The continuing utility of bronchoalveolar lavage to diagnose opportunistic infection in AIDS patients. The American journal of medicine, 97 6, 515-22

Connolly, M G; Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; Linnemann, C C 1994. Recovery of viruses other than cytomegalovirus from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Chest, 105 6, 1775-81

O'Brien, G M; Baughman, R P; Broderick, J P; Arnold, L; Lower, E E 1994. Paranoid psychosis due to neurosarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, 11 1, 34-6

Smulian, A G; Linke, M J; Cushion, M T; Baughman, R P; Frame, P T; Dohn, M N; White, M L; Walzer, P D 1994. Analysis of Pneumocystis carinii organism burden, viability and antigens in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in AIDS patients with pneumocystosis: correlation with disease severity. AIDS (London, England), 8 11, 1555-62

Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; Shipley, R; Buchsbaum, J A; Frame, P T 1993. Increased Pneumocystis carinii recovery from the upper lobes in Pneumocystis pneumonia. The effect of aerosol pentamidine prophylaxis. Chest, 103 2, 426-32

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E; Flessa, H C; Tollerud, D J 1993. Thrombocytopenia in the intensive care unit. Chest, 104 4, 1243-7

Baughman, R P; Sternberg, R I; Hull, W; Buchsbaum, J A; Whitsett, J 1993. Decreased surfactant protein A in patients with bacterial pneumonia. The American review of respiratory disease, 147 3, 653-7

Connolly, M G; Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N 1993. Mycobacterium kansasii presenting as an endobronchial lesion. The American review of respiratory disease, 148 5, 1405-7

Sternberg, R I; Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; First, M R 1993. Utility of bronchoalveolar lavage in assessing pneumonia in immunosuppressed renal transplant recipients. The American journal of medicine, 95 4, 358-64

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 1992. Use of intermittent, intravenous cyclophosphamide for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Chest, 102 4, 1090-4

Baughman, R P; Rhodes, J C; Dohn, M N; Henderson, H; Frame, P T 1992. Detection of cryptococcal antigen in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid: a prospective study of diagnostic utility. The American review of respiratory disease, 145 5, 1226-9

Dohn, M N; Baughman, R P; Vigdorth, E M; Frame, D L 1992. Equal survival rates for first, second, and third episodes of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Archives of internal medicine, 152 12, 2465-70

Lower, E E; Baughman, R P 1992. Pulmonary lymphangitic metastasis from breast cancer. Lymphocytic alveolitis is associated with favorable prognosis. Chest, 102 4, 1113-7

Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; Loudon, R G; Frame, P T 1991. Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage in tuberculosis and fungal infections. Chest, 99 1, 92-7

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 1991. An inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor found in pleural effusions. The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 118 4, 326-31

Baughman, R P; Shipley, R T; Loudon, R G; Lower, E E 1991. Crackles in interstitial lung disease. Comparison of sarcoidosis and fibrosing alveolitis. Chest, 100 1, 96-101

Colangelo, G; Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; Frame, P T 1991. Follow-up bronchoalveolar lavage in AIDS patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Pneumocystis carinii burden predicts early relapse. The American review of respiratory disease, 143 5 Pt 1, 1067-71

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E 1990. The effect of corticosteroid or methotrexate therapy on lung lymphocytes and macrophages in sarcoidosis. The American review of respiratory disease, 142 6 Pt 1, 1268-71

Baughman, R P; Strohofer, S A; Buchsbaum, J; Lower, E E 1990. Release of tumor necrosis factor by alveolar macrophages of patients with sarcoidosis. The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 115 1, 36-42

Baughman, R P; Strohofer, S; Colangelo, G; Frame, P T 1990. Semiquantitative technique for estimating Pneumocystis carinii burden in the lung. Journal of clinical microbiology, 28 6, 1425-7

Gerson, M C; Hurst, J M; Hertzberg, V S; Baughman, R; Rouan, G W; Ellis, K 1990. Prediction of cardiac and pulmonary complications related to elective abdominal and noncardiac thoracic surgery in geriatric patients. The American journal of medicine, 88 2, 101-7

Guerra, L F; Baughman, R P 1990. Use of bronchoalveolar lavage to diagnose bacterial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients. Critical care medicine, 18 2, 169-73

Lower, E E; Baughman, R P 1990. The use of low dose methotrexate in refractory sarcoidosis. The American journal of the medical sciences, 299 3, 153-7

Lower, E E; Baughman, R P 1990. The effect of cancer and chemotherapy on monocyte function. Journal of clinical & laboratory immunology, 31 3, 121-5

Miles, P R; Baughman, R P; Linnemann, C C 1990. Cytomegalovirus in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with AIDS. Chest, 97 5, 1072-6

Baughman, R P; Doers, J; Lower, E E; Buchsbaum, J 1989. Isolation of functionally active pleural macrophages. Journal of clinical & laboratory immunology, 30 3, 147-51

Baughman, R P; Loudon, R G 1989. Stridor: differentiation from asthma or upper airway noise. The American review of respiratory disease, 139 6, 1407-9

Baughman, R P; Strohofer, S 1989. Lung derived surface active material (SAM) inhibits natural killer cell tumor cytotoxicity. Journal of clinical & laboratory immunology, 28 2, 51-4

Baughman, R P; Strohofer, S S; Clinton, B A; Nickol, A D; Frame, P T 1989. The use of an indirect fluorescent antibody test for detecting Pneumocystis carinii. Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine, 113 9, 1062-5

Fara, E F; Baughman, R P 1989. A study of capillary morphology in the digits of patients with acquired clubbing. The American review of respiratory disease, 140 4, 1063-6

Linnemann, C C; Baughman, R P; Frame, P T; Floyd, R 1989. Recovery of human immunodeficiency virus and detection of p24 antigen in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from adult patients with AIDS. Chest, 96 1, 64-7

Tollerud, D J; Wesseler, T A; Kim, C K; Baughman, R P 1989. Use of a rapid differential stain for identifying Pneumocystis carinii in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Diagnostic efficacy in patients with AIDS. Chest, 95 3, 494-7

Wong, B; Baughman, R P; Brauer, K L 1989. Levels of the Candida metabolite D-arabinitol in sera of steroid-treated and untreated patients with sarcoidosis. Journal of clinical microbiology, 27 8, 1859-62

Baughman, R P 1988. Sarcoidosis. Usual and unusual manifestations. Chest, 94 1, 165-70

Baughman, R P; Loudon, R G 1988. The utility of a long-acting sympathomimetic agent, procaterol, for nocturnal asthma. Chest, 93 2, 285-8

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E; Pierson, G; Strohofer, S 1988. Spontaneous hydrogen peroxide release from alveolar macrophages of patients with active sarcoidosis: comparison with cigarette smokers. The Journal of laboratory and clinical medicine, 111 4, 399-404

Lower, E E; Smith, J T; Martelo, O J; Baughman, R P 1988. The anemia of sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, 5 1, 51-5

Lower, E E; Strohofer, S; Baughman, R P 1988. Bleomycin causes alveolar macrophages from cigarette smokers to release hydrogen peroxide. The American journal of the medical sciences, 295 3, 193-7

Ploysongsang, Y; Baughman, R P; Loudon, R G; Rashkin, M C 1988. Factors influencing the production of wheezes during expiratory maneuvers in normal subjects. Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases, 54 1, 50-60

Baughman, R P; Shipley, R; Eisentrout, C E 1987. Predictive value of gallium scan, angiotensin-converting enzyme level, and bronchoalveolar lavage in two-year follow-up of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Lung, 165 6, 371-7

Baughman, R P; Dohn, M N; Frame, P T . Generalized immune response to Pneumocystis carinii infection in the lung. The Journal of protozoology, 38 6, 187S-188S

Baughman, R P; Gunther, K L; Buchsbaum, J A; Lower, E E . Prevalence of digital clubbing in bronchogenic carcinoma by a new digital index. Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 16 1, 21-6

Baughman, R P; Lower, E E . Measuring sarcoidosis around the world: Using the same ruler. Revista portuguesa de pneumologia, 23 5, 247-248

Baughman, Robert P . The use of carbapenems in the treatment of serious infections. Journal of intensive care medicine, 24 4, 230-41

Baughman, Robert P . Sarcoidosis. Clinics in dermatology, 25 3, 231

Baughman, Robert P; Kerr, Marie A . Ventilator-associated pneumonia patients who do not reduce bacteria from the lungs have a worse prognosis. Journal of intensive care medicine, 18 5, 269-74

Baughman, Robert P; Lower, Elyse E . Evidence-based therapy for cutaneous sarcoidosis. Clinics in dermatology, 25 3, 334-40

Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Kostov, Belchin; Superville, Daphne; Baughman, Robert P; Ramos-Casals, Manuel . Geoepidemiological big data approach to sarcoidosis: geographical and ethnic determinants. Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 37 6, 1052-1064

Chandra, J; Amit, Z; Baughman, R P; Kleykamp, B; Kaneshiro, E S . Pneumocystis infection is correlated with a reduction of the total sterol content of human bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 46 5, 146S-148S

Dohn, M N; Frame, P T; Baughman, R P; Lafon, S W; Smulian, A G; Caldwell, P; Rogers, M D . Open-label efficacy and safety trial of 42 days of 566C80 for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS patients. The Journal of protozoology, 38 6, 220S-221S

Harlamert, H A; Mira, J; Bejarano, P A; Baughman, R P; Miller, M A; Whitsett, J A; Yassin, R . Thyroid transcription factor-1 and cytokeratins 7 and 20 in pulmonary and breast carcinoma. Acta cytologica, 42 6, 1382-8

Keely, S; Pai, H J; Baughman, R; Sidman, C; Sunkin, S M; Stringer, J R; Stringer, S L . Pneumocystis species inferred from analysis of multiple genes. The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 41 5, 94S

Kirkil, Gamze; Lower, Elyse E; Baughman, Robert P . Chest CT scan: The best predictor of mortality in advanced pulmonary sarcoidosis? Respiratory medicine, 170 , 106059

Lammi, Matthew R; Baughman, Robert P; Birring, Surinder S; Russell, Anne-Marie; Ryu, Jay H; Scholand, Marybeth; Distler, Oliver; LeSage, Daphne; Sarver, Catherine; Antoniou, Katerina; Highland, Kristin B; Kowal-Bielecka, Otylia; Lasky, Joseph A; Wells, Athol U; Saketkoo, Lesley Ann . Outcome Measures for Clinical Trials in Interstitial Lung Diseases. Current respiratory medicine reviews, 11 2, 163-174

Lemert, C M; Baughman, R P; Hayner, C E; Nestok, B R . Relationship between cytomegalovirus cells and survival in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. Acta cytologica, 40 2, 205-10

Lower, Elyse E; Sturdivant, Madison; Grate, Lisa; Baughman, Robert P . Use of third-line therapies in advanced sarcoidosis. Clinical and experimental rheumatology, 38 5, 834-840

Stringer, J R; Stringer, S L; Zhang, J; Baughman, R; Smulian, A G; Cushion, M T . Molecular genetic distinction of Pneumocystis carinii from rats and humans. The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 40 6, 733-41

Zeitlin, J F; Tami, T A; Baughman, R; Winget, D . Nasal and sinus manifestations of sarcoidosis. American journal of rhinology, 14 3, 157-61