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Photo of  Reena Shah, MD

Reena Shah, MD

Associate Professor of Clinical

Vice Chair of Clinical Services

Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine | College of Medicine

  • Residency: University of Maryland Medical Systems (Neurology)
  • Internship: University of Maryland (Internal Medicine )
  • Doctoral Degree: The University School of Medicine
  • Bachelor's Degreee: Brandeis University (Neuroscience & Biology Magna Cum Laude)
  • Medical Degree: Tufts University School of Medicine
Board Certifications & Licenses

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (Neurology) (Certification Date: 20100913)
United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (Certification Date: 20141031)



Contact Information
Research Interests

General Neurology
Headache Medicine

Clinical Interests



Atypical Facial Pain

Bell's Palsy

Botulinum Toxins

Brain Concussion

Cervicogenic Headaches

Chronic Daily Headaches

Cluster Headaches


Concussion in Athletes

Exercise Headaches

Exertional Headaches

External Compression Headaches

Facial Nerve Disease

Facial Neuralgia

Hemicrania Continua

Hypnic Headaches

Ice cream Headaches

Intracranial Hypertension

Intracranial Vasospasm

Lewy Body Disease

Low Pressure Headaches (Intracranial Hypotension)

Medication Overuse Headaches


Migraine Disorders

Migraine with Aura

Migraine without Aura


Multiple System Atrophy (MSA)

Muscular Atrophy

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Occipital Neuralgia (ON)

Rebound Headache

Sex Headaches

Spinal Headaches


Tension-Type Headaches

Thunderclap Headaches

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias

Trigeminal Neuralgia (Tic douloureux)

Type II Trigeminal Neuralgia

Vascular Headaches

Wernicke Encephalopathy

Peer Reviewed Publications

Shah, Reena; Barksfield, Richard 2020. Fostering patient safety through health policy innovation: A case study of implementation of the WHO Surgical Checklist in the UK. Journal of perioperative practice, , 1750458920902613

Sharma, Karishma; Otieno, Fredrick; Shah, Reena 2020. Case Report of Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease from Sub-Saharan Africa: An Important Mimic of Tuberculous Lymphadenitis. Case reports in medicine, 2020 , 4385286

Nassar, Ahmad H M; Hodson, James; Ng, Hwei J; Vohra, Ravi S; Katbeh, Tarek; Zino, Samer; Griffiths, Ewen A 2019. Predicting the difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy: development and validation of a pre-operative risk score using an objective operative difficulty grading system. Surgical endoscopy, ,

Awori, Violet; Mativo, Peter; Yonga, Gerald; Shah, Reena 2018. The association between asymptomatic and mild neurocognitive impairment and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among people living with human immunodeficiency virus. Southern African journal of HIV medicine, 19 1, 674

Bharamgoudar, Reshma; Sonsale, Aniket; Hodson, James; Griffiths, Ewen 2018. The development and validation of a scoring tool to predict the operative duration of elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surgical endoscopy, 32 7, 3149-3157

Juma, Fatimah O; Yonga, Gerald; Waweru, Peter; Revathi, Gunturu; Nelson, Mark; Shah, Reena 2017. The diagnostic accuracy of Determineā„¢ TB LAM antigen in detection of extra pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). The Journal of infection, ,

Shah, Reena; Nabiswa, Hilda; Okinda, Nancy; Revathi, Gunturu; Hawken, Mark; Nelson, Mark 2017. Prevalence of HLA-B*5701 in a Kenyan population with HIV infection. The Journal of infection, ,

Shah, Reena; Taylor, Ruth E; Bewley, Anthony 2017. Exploring the Psychological Profile of Patients with Delusional Infestation. Acta dermato-venereologica, 97 1, 98-101

Gitau, Samuel Nguku; Vinayak, Sudhir; Silaba, Micah; Adam, Rodney; Shah, Reena 2016. High Prevalence of Liver Fibrosis in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Monoinfection and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Hepatitis-B Co-infection as Assessed by Shear Wave Elastography: Study at a Teaching Hospital in Kenya. Journal of clinical imaging science, 6 , 22

Onsongo, Simon; Abidi, Syed Hani; Khamadi, Samoel; Shah, Reena; Kageha, Sheila; Ojwang, Peter; Ali, Syed; Okinda, Nancy 2016. Prevalence of Transmitted Drug Resistance Mutations in HIV-1-Infected Drug-Naive Patients from Urban and Suburban Regions of Kenya. AIDS research and human retroviruses, 32 3, 220-5

Sutcliffe, Robert P; Hollyman, Marianne; Hodson, James; Bonney, Glenn; Vohra, Ravi S; Griffiths, Ewen A 2016. Preoperative risk factors for conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy: a validated risk score derived from a prospective U.K. database of 8820 patients. HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association, 18 11, 922-928

Abidi, Syed Hani; Shahid, Aniqa; Lakhani, Laila S; Shah, Reena; Okinda, Nancy; Ojwang, Peter; Abbas, Farhat; Rowland-Jones, Sarah; Ali, Syed 2014. HIV-1 progression links with viral genetic variability and subtype, and patient's HLA type: analysis of a Nairobi-Kenyan cohort. Medical microbiology and immunology, 203 1, 57-63

Henderson, Cassandra E; Shah, Reena R; Gottimukkala, Sri; Ferreira, Khaldun K; Hamaoui, Abraham; Mercado, Ray 2014. Primum non nocere: how active management became modus operandi for intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, 211 3, 189-96

Huber, Charlotte A; Sartor, Anna L; McOdimba, Francis; Shah, Reena; Shivachi, Patricia; Sidjabat, Hanna E; Revathi, Gunturu; Paterson, David L 2014. Outbreaks of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains in a Kenyan teaching hospital. Journal of global antimicrobial resistance, 2 3, 190-193

Shah, Reena; Jones, Emma; Vidart, Victoire; Kuppen, Peter J K; Conti, John A; Francis, Nader K 2014. Biomarkers for early detection of colorectal cancer and polyps: systematic review. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 23 9, 1712-28

Shah, Reena; Kubisz-Pudelko, Agnieszka; Reid, Jeremy 2014. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome following an inadvertent dural puncture during an emergency laparotomy for ischemic colitis - a case report. Local and regional anesthesia, 7 , 1-4

Abidi, Syed H; Shahid, Aniqa; Lakhani, Laila S; Khanani, Muhammad R; Ojwang, Peter; Okinda, Nancy; Shah, Reena; Abbas, Farhat; Rowland-Jones, Sarah; Ali, Syed 2013. Population-specific evolution of HIV Gag epitopes in genetically diverged patients. Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases, 16 , 78-86

Shah, Reena S; Cole, John W 2010. Smoking and stroke: the more you smoke the more you stroke. Expert review of cardiovascular therapy, 8 7, 917-32

Shah, Reena S; Shin, Robert K; Castellani, Rudy J 2010. Granulocytic sarcoma mimicking HSV encephalitis. The neurologist, 16 5, 319-21

Ogden, Jane; Fuks, Kaz; Gardner, Mary; Johnson, Steve; McLean, Malcolm; Martin, Pam; Shah, Reena . Doctors expressions of uncertainty and patient confidence. Patient education and counseling, 48 2, 171-6

Shah, Reena S; Lee, Hyoung-Gon; Xiongwei, Zhu; Perry, George; Smith, Mark A; Castellani, Rudy J . Current approaches in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 62 4, 199-207