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The Early Intervention Program (EIP) is the service (clinical) arm of the Division of Population Health and Health Services. The EIP was launched in 1998 as a health department funded HIV counseling and testing program operating within the ED. This was the first ever example of i) health department funding for an ED to implement a health promotion intervention, and ii) sustained ED implementation of a prevention service on an ongoing clinical basis.


The EIP is the department’s platform for experiential educational, clinical research, and clinical practice/operations.  It has also provided employment opportunities for the families of many faculty, residents, and other professionals affiliated with the department. The size and maturity of the EIP means that infrastructure is in place to directly accommodate or rapidly develop any population health priority for which there is funding and/or interest.  The range of possible health promotion interventions for the ED population is broad regardless of the health condition being considered.  


Total funding for EIP services over the past two decades exceeds $20 million with hundreds of thousands of individuals served by various component programs.  Currently the EIP involves approximately five faculty members, approximately ten program coordinators, and a variable number of approximately 40 core service staff, flexing to nearly 100 moonlighters/contractors during recent COVID-19 response.  EIP adjunct staff include health promotion advocates, certified addiction counselors, and peer-support specialists all highly trained in principles of cultural competence, health equity, and evidence-based counseling techniques.   


In addition to these core staff, virtually all ED staff are directly involved by the overall ED focus on expanded health promotion intervention.  The EIP has also recently expanded its focus to state health department funded implementation of prevention interventions in local EDs of other unaffiliated area health systems. 


The EIP:

  • Integrates a separate workforce of adjunct health professionals (e.g., health promotion advocates, addiction counselors, peer-support specialists) into the ED and expands services provided by usual ED staff (e.g., nurses, physicians/advanced practice providers, social workers).

  • Combines public health and healthcare sources of funding support 

  • Primary disease foci have grown to include HIV, hepatitis C, substance use and mental health disorders, along with the tremendous breadth of social emergency medicine components (e.g., housing, job assistance, social networks, food insecurity, sex-work and violence) related to outcomes in those areas.

  • Other emerging focus areas include resource utilization, primary care coordination, diabetes, hypertension, tuberculosis, influenza, sexually transmitted infections, victims of human trafficking, and most recently a massive effort in community-wide COVID-19 response

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Department of
Pharmacology and Systems Physiology

College of Medicine
231 Albert Sabin Way
Cincinnati, OH 45267-0575