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Pharmacology & Systems Physiology 

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Richard Paul, PhD

Professor Emeritus

Education/Credentials
  • PhD: Harvard University

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Peer Reviewed Publications

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Mavi, P.; Rajavelu, P.; Rayapudi, M.; Paul, R. J.; Mishra, A. 2012. Esophageal functional impairments in experimental eosinophilic esophagitis American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 302 11 , G1347-55

Lilly, B.; Clark, K. A.; Yoshigi, M.; Pronovost, S.; Wu, M. L.; Periasamy, M.; Chi, M.; Paul, R. J.; Yet, S. F.; Beckerle, M. C. 2010. Loss of the serum response factor cofactor, cysteine-rich protein 1, attenuates neointima formation in the mouse Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 30 4 , 694-701

Nobe, K.; Nobe, H.; Yoshida, H.; Kolodney, M. S.; Paul, R. J.; Honda, K. 2010. Rho A and the Rho kinase pathway regulate fibroblast contraction: Enhanced contraction in constitutively active Rho A fibroblast cells Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 399 2 , 292-9

Nobe, Koji; Nobe, Hiromi; Yoshida, Hiroko; Kolodney, Michael S; Paul, Richard J; Honda, Kazuo 2010. Rho A and the Rho kinase pathway regulate fibroblast contraction: Enhanced contraction in constitutively active Rho A fibroblast cells. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 399 2, 292-9

Pritchard, T. J.; Bowman, P. S.; Jefferson, A.; Tosun, M.; Lynch, R. M.; Paul, R. J. 2010. Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and Ca(2+) clearance proteins in smooth muscle: a functional unit Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, 299 2 , H548-56

Pritchard, Tracy J; Bowman, Peggy Sue; Jefferson, Andrew; Tosun, Metiner; Lynch, Ronald M; Paul, Richard J 2010. Na+-K+ ATPase and Ca2+ Clearance Proteins in Smooth Muscle: A Functional Unit. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, ,

Gu, M., Ishida, Y., Wardle, R.L., Bowman, P.D. and Paul, R.J. 2009. Hypoxic vasorelaxation in porcine coronary artery is not mediated by reactive oxygen species , ,

Nobe, K., Yoshida, H.O., Nobe, H., Kolodney, M., Paul, R., Honda, K. 2009. Rho A and the Rho Kinase Pathway Regulate Fibroblast Contraction in Wound Healing:Enhanced Contraction in Dominant Active Rho A Fibroblast Cells Manuscript Number: C-00485-2006 , , Manuscript Number: C-00485-2006

Paul, Richard J 2009. Regulation of smooth muscle contraction/relaxation: paradigm shifts and quantifying arrows. The Journal of physiology, 587 Pt 14, 3413-4

Lorenz, John N; Loreaux, Elizabeth L; Dostanic-Larson, Iva; Lasko, Valerie; Schnetzer, J Renee; Paul, Richard J; Lingrel, Jerry B 2008. ACTH-induced hypertension is dependent on the ouabain-binding site of the alpha2-Na+-K+-ATPase subunit. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 295 1, H273-80

Lynch, Ronald M; Weber, Craig S; Nullmeyer, Kevin D; Moore, Edwin D W; Paul, Richard J 2008. Clearance of store-released Ca2+ by the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger is diminished in aortic smooth muscle from Na+-K+-ATPase alpha 2-isoform gene-ablated mice. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 294 3, H1407-16

Martin, Colin A; Bernabe, Kathryn Q; Taylor, Janice A; Nair, Rajalakshmi; Paul, Richard J; Guo, Jun; Erwin, Christopher R; Warner, Brad W 2008. Resection-induced intestinal adaptation and the role of enteric smooth muscle. Journal of pediatric surgery, 43 6, 1011-7

Oloizia, Brian; Paul, Richard J 2008. Ca2+ clearance and contractility in vascular smooth muscle: evidence from gene-altered murine models. Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 45 3, 347-62

Liu, Li; Ishida, Yukisato; Okunade, Gbolahan; Pyne-Geithman, Gail J; Shull, Gary E; Paul, Richard J 2007. Distinct roles of PMCA isoforms in Ca2+ homeostasis of bladder smooth muscle: evidence from PMCA gene-ablated mice. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 292 1, C423-31

Lorenz, John N; Arend, Lois J; Robitz, Rachel; Paul, Richard J; MacLennan, A John 2007. Vascular dysfunction in S1P2 sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor knockout mice. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 292 1, R440-6

Martin, Anne F; Bhatti, Sunita; Pyne-Geithman, Gail J; Farjah, Mariam; Manaves, Vlasios; Walker, Lori; Franks, Roberta; Strauch, Arthur R; Paul, Richard J 2007. Expression and function of COOH-terminal myosin heavy chain isoforms in mouse smooth muscle. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 293 1, C238-45

Paul, Richard J; Bowman, Peggy Sue; Johnson, Jason; Martin, Anne F 2007. Effects of sex and estrogen on myosin COOH-terminal isoforms and contractility in rat aorta. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 292 2, R751-7

Prasad, Vikram; Okunade, Gbolahan; Liu, Li; Paul, Richard J; Shull, Gary E 2007. Distinct phenotypes among plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase knockout mice. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1099 , 276-86

Pritchard, Tracy J; Parvatiyar, Michelle; Bullard, Daniel P; Lynch, Ronald M; Lorenz, John N; Paul, Richard J 2007. Transgenic mice expressing Na+-K+-ATPase in smooth muscle decreases blood pressure. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 293 2, H1172-82

Wardle, Robert L; Gu, Min; Ishida, Yukisato; Paul, Richard J 2007. Rho kinase is an effector underlying Ca2+-desensitizing hypoxic relaxation in porcine coronary artery. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 293 1, H23-9

Liu, Li; Ishida, Yukisato; Okunade, Gbolahan; Shull, Gary E; Paul, Richard J 2006. Role of plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase in contraction-relaxation processes of the bladder: evidence from PMCA gene-ablated mice. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 290 4, C1239-47

Wardle, Robert L; Gu, Min; Ishida, Yukisato; Paul, Richard J 2006. Ca2+-desensitizing hypoxic vasorelaxation: pivotal role for the myosin binding subunit of myosin phosphatase (MYPT1) in porcine coronary artery. The Journal of physiology, 572 Pt 1, 259-67

Dostanic, Iva; Paul, Richard J; Lorenz, John N; Theriault, Steven; Van Huysse, James W; Lingrel, Jerry B 2005. The alpha2-isoform of Na-K-ATPase mediates ouabain-induced hypertension in mice and increased vascular contractility in vitro. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 288 2, H477-85

Gu, Min; Thorne, George D; Wardle, Robert L; Ishida, Yukisato; Paul, Richard J 2005. Ca2+-independent hypoxic vasorelaxation in porcine coronary artery. The Journal of physiology, 562 Pt 3, 839-46

Ishida, Yukisato; Paul, Richard J 2005. Ca2+ clearance in smooth muscle: lessons from gene-altered mice. Journal of smooth muscle research = Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai kikanshi, 41 5, 235-45

Nobe, Koji; Sone, Tomoko; Paul, Richard J; Honda, Kazuo 2005. Thrombin-induced force development in vascular endothelial cells: contribution to alteration of permeability mediated by calcium-dependent and -independent pathways. Journal of pharmacological sciences, 99 3, 252-63

Babu, Gopal J; Pyne, Gail J; Zhou, Yingbi; Okwuchukuasanya, Chris; Brayden, Joseph E; Osol, George; Paul, Richard J; Low, Robert B; Periasamy, Muthu 2004. Isoform switching from SM-B to SM-A myosin results in decreased contractility and altered expression of thin filament regulatory proteins. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 287 3, C723-9

Nobe, Koji; Suzuki, Hikaru; Sakai, Yasushi; Nobe, Hiromi; Paul, Richard J; Momose, Kazutaka 2004. Glucose-dependent enhancement of spontaneous phasic contraction is suppressed in diabetic mouse portal vein: association with diacylglycerol-protein kinase C pathway. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 309 3, 1263-72

Okunade, Gbolahan W; Miller, Marian L; Pyne, Gail J; Sutliff, Roy L; O'Connor, Kyle T; Neumann, Jonathan C; Andringa, Anastasia; Miller, Daniel A; Prasad, Vikram; Doetschman, Thomas; Paul, Richard J; Shull, Gary E 2004. Targeted ablation of plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) 1 and 4 indicates a major housekeeping function for PMCA1 and a critical role in hyperactivated sperm motility and male fertility for PMCA4. The Journal of biological chemistry, 279 32, 33742-50

Paul, R J; Zeis, B; Lamkemeyer, T; Seidl, M; Pirow, R 2004. Control of oxygen transport in the microcrustacean Daphnia: regulation of haemoglobin expression as central mechanism of adaptation to different oxygen and temperature conditions. Acta physiologica Scandinavica, 182 3, 259-75

Radzyukevich, Tatiana L; Moseley, Amy E; Shelly, Daniel A; Redden, Gregory A; Behbehani, Michael M; Lingrel, Jerry B; Paul, Richard J; Heiny, Judith A 2004. The Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase alpha2-subunit isoform modulates contractility in the perinatal mouse diaphragm. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 287 5, C1300-10

Shelly, Daniel A; He, Suiwen; Moseley, Amy; Weber, Craig; Stegemeyer, Michelle; Lynch, Ronald M; Lingrel, Jerry; Paul, Richard J 2004. Na(+) pump alpha 2-isoform specifically couples to contractility in vascular smooth muscle: evidence from gene-targeted neonatal mice. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 286 4, C813-20

Sutliff, Roy L; Conforti, Laura; Weber, Craig S; Kranias, Evangelia G; Paul, Richard J 2004. Regulation of the spontaneous contractile activity of the portal vein by the sarcoplasmic reticulum: evidence from the phospholamban gene-ablated mouse. Vascular pharmacology, 41 6, 197-204

Sutliff, Roy L; Conforti, Laura; Weber, Craig S; Kranias, Evangelia G; Paul, Richard J 2004. Regulation of the spontaneous contractile activity of the portal vein by the sarcoplasmic reticulum: evidence from the phospholamban gene-ablated mouse. Vascular pharmacology, 41 6, 197-204

Thorne, George D; Hilliard, George M; Paul, Richard J 2004. Vascular oxygen sensing: detection of novel candidates by proteomics and organ culture. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 96 2, 802-8; discussion 79

Zeis, Bettina; Lamkemeyer, Tobias; Paul, Rüdiger J 2004. Molecular adaptation of Daphnia magna hemoglobin. Micron (Oxford, England : 1993), 35 1-2, 47-9

McGraw, Dennis W; Almoosa, Khalid F; Paul, Richard J; Kobilka, Brian K; Liggett, Stephen B 2003. Antithetic regulation by beta-adrenergic receptors of Gq receptor signaling via phospholipase C underlies the airway beta-agonist paradox. The Journal of clinical investigation, 112 4, 619-26

Moseley, Amy E; Lieske, Steve P; Wetzel, Randall K; James, Paul F; He, Suiwen; Shelly, Daniel A; Paul, Richard J; Boivin, Gregory P; Witte, David P; Ramirez, Jan Marino; Sweadner, Kathleen J; Lingrel, Jerry B 2003. The Na,K-ATPase alpha 2 isoform is expressed in neurons, and its absence disrupts neuronal activity in newborn mice. The Journal of biological chemistry, 278 7, 5317-24

Nobe, Hiromi; Nobe, Koji; Fazal, Fabeha; De Lanerolle, Primal; Paul, Richard J 2003. Rho kinase mediates serum-induced contraction in fibroblast fibers independent of myosin LC20 phosphorylation. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 284 3, C599-606

Nobe, Hiromi; Nobe, Koji; Paul, Richard J 2003. Fibroblast fiber contraction: role of C and Rho kinase in activation by thromboxane A2. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 285 6, C1411-9

Nobe, Koji; Sakai, Yasushi; Nobe, Hiromi; Takashima, Junko; Paul, Richard J; Momose, Kazutaka 2003. Enhancement effect under high-glucose conditions on U46619-induced spontaneous phasic contraction in mouse portal vein. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 304 3, 1129-42

Thorne, George D; Paul, Richard J 2003. Effects of organ culture on arterial gene expression and hypoxic relaxation: role of the ryanodine receptor. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 284 4, C999-C1005

Wendt, Igor R; Paul, Richard J 2003. Energy cost of contraction in rat urinary bladder smooth muscle during anoxia. Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 30 8, 565-9

Bäumer, C; Pirow, R; Paul, R J 2002. Circulatory oxygen transport in the water flea Daphnia magna. Journal of comparative physiology. B, Biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 172 4, 275-85

Eldabi, Tillal; Irani, Zahir; Paul, Ray J 2002. A proposed approach for modelling health-care systems for understanding. Journal of management in medicine, 16 2-3, 170-87

Meyer, Jamie W; Flagella, Michael; Sutliff, Roy L; Lorenz, John N; Nieman, Michelle L; Weber, Craig S; Paul, Richard J; Shull, Gary E 2002. Decreased blood pressure and vascular smooth muscle tone in mice lacking basolateral Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 283 5, H1846-55

Paul, R J; Shull, G E; Kranias, E G 2002. The sarcoplasmic reticulum and smooth muscle function: evidence from transgenic mice. Novartis Foundation symposium, 246 , 228-38; discussion 2

Szymanski, P T; Ferguson, D G; Paul, R J 2002. Polylysine binding to unphosphorylated smooth muscle myosin enhances formation and stabilizes myosin filaments in vitro. Acta physiologica Scandinavica, 174 4, 337-46

Thorne, George D; Conforti, Laura; Paul, Richard J 2002. Hypoxic vasorelaxation inhibition by organ culture correlates with loss of Kv channels but not Ca(2+) channels. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 283 1, H247-53

Akar, F; Jiang, G; Paul, R J; O'Neill, W C 2001. Contractile regulation of the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter in vascular smooth muscle. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 281 2, C579-84

Babu, G J; Loukianov, E; Loukianova, T; Pyne, G J; Huke, S; Osol, G; Low, R B; Paul, R J; Periasamy, M 2001. Loss of SM-B myosin affects muscle shortening velocity and maximal force development. Nature cell biology, 3 11, 1025-9

Carr, A N; Sutliff, R L; Weber, C S; Allen, P B; Greengard, P; de Lanerolle, P; Kranias, E G; Paul, R J 2001. Is myosin phosphatase regulated in vivo by inhibitor-1? Evidence from inhibitor-1 knockout mice. The Journal of physiology, 534 Pt. 2, 357-66

Fischer, D R; Sun, X; Williams, A B; Gang, G; Pritts, T A; James, J H; Molloy, M; Fischer, J E; Paul, R J; Hasselgren, P O 2001. Dantrolene reduces serum TNFalpha and corticosterone levels and muscle calcium, calpain gene expression, and protein breakdown in septic rats. Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 15 3, 200-7

Fortner, C N; Breyer, R M; Paul, R J 2001. EP2 receptors mediate airway relaxation to substance P, ATP, and PGE2. American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 281 2, L469-74

Fortner, C N; Lorenz, J N; Paul, R J 2001. Chloride channel function is linked to epithelium-dependent airway relaxation. American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 280 2, L334-41

He, S; Shelly, D A; Moseley, A E; James, P F; James, J H; Paul, R J; Lingrel, J B 2001. The alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-isoforms of Na-K-ATPase play different roles in skeletal muscle contractility. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 281 3, R917-25

Krane, C M; Fortner, C N; Hand, A R; McGraw, D W; Lorenz, J N; Wert, S E; Towne, J E; Paul, R J; Whitsett, J A; Menon, A G 2001. Aquaporin 5-deficient mouse lungs are hyperresponsive to cholinergic stimulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98 24, 14114-9

Nobe, K; Paul, R J 2001. Distinct pathways of Ca(2+) sensitization in porcine coronary artery: effects of Rho-related kinase and protein kinase C inhibition on force and intracellular Ca(2+). Circulation research, 88 12, 1283-90

Nobe, K; Sutliff, R L; Kranias, E G; Paul, R J 2001. Phospholamban regulation of bladder contractility: evidence from gene-altered mouse models. The Journal of physiology, 535 Pt 3, 867-78

Pirow, R; Bäumer, C; Paul, R J 2001. Benefits of haemoglobin in the cladoceran crustacean Daphnia magna. The Journal of experimental biology, 204 Pt 20, 3425-41

Thorne, G D; Shimizu, S; Paul, R J 2001. Hypoxic vasodilation in porcine coronary artery is preferentially inhibited by organ culture. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 281 1, C24-32

Zhao, G; Sutliff, R L; Weber, C S; Wang, J; Lorenz, J; Paul, R J; Fagin, J A 2001. Smooth muscle-targeted overexpression of insulin-like growth factor I results in enhanced vascular contractility. Endocrinology, 142 2, 623-32

Galvin, K M; Donovan, M J; Lynch, C A; Meyer, R I; Paul, R J; Lorenz, J N; Fairchild-Huntress, V; Dixon, K L; Dunmore, J H; Gimbrone, M A; Falb, D; Huszar, D 2000. A role for smad6 in development and homeostasis of the cardiovascular system. Nature genetics, 24 2, 171-4

Nobe, K; Nobe, H; Obara, K; Paul, R J 2000. Preferential role of intracellular Ca2+ stores in regulation of isometric force in NIH 3T3 fibroblast fibres. The Journal of physiology, 529 Pt 3 , 669-79

Obara, K; Nobe, K; Nobe, H; Kolodney, M S; De Lanerolle, P; Paul, R J 2000. Effects of microtubules and microfilaments on [Ca(2+)](i) and contractility in a reconstituted fibroblast fiber. American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 279 3, C785-96

Paul, R J; Bowman, P S; Kolodney, M S 2000. Effects of microtubule disruption on force, velocity, stiffness and [Ca(2+)](i) in porcine coronary arteries. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 279 5, H2493-501

Paul, R J; Gohla, J; Föll, R; Schneckenburger, H 2000. Metabolic adaptations to environmental changes in Caenorhabditis elegans. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology, 127 4, 469-79

Pelaez, N J; Braun, T R; Paul, R J; Meiss, R A; Packer, C S 2000. H(2)O(2) mediates Ca(2+)- and MLC(20) phosphorylation-independent contraction in intact and permeabilized vascular muscle. American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 279 3, H1185-93

Shimizu, S; Bowman, P S; Thorne, G; Paul, R J 2000. Effects of hypoxia on isometric force, intracellular Ca(2+), pH, and energetics in porcine coronary artery. Circulation research, 86 8, 862-70

Akar, F; Skinner, E; Klein, J D; Jena, M; Paul, R J; O'Neill, W C 1999. Vasoconstrictors and nitrovasodilators reciprocally regulate the Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter in rat aorta. The American journal of physiology, 276 6 Pt 1, C1383-90

Bowman, P; Haikala, H; Paul, R J 1999. Levosimendan, a calcium sensitizer in cardiac muscle, induces relaxation in coronary smooth muscle through calcium desensitization. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 288 1, 316-25

Brown, J; Karnon, J; Eldabi, T; Paul, R J 1999. Using modelling in a phased approach to the economic evaluation of adjuvant therapy for early breast cancer. ABC Trial Steering Committee. Critical reviews in oncology/hematology, 32 2, 95-103

Föll, R L; Pleyers, A; Lewandovski, G J; Wermter, C; Hegemann, V; Paul, R J 1999. Anaerobiosis in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology, 124 3, 269-80

Goldmann, T; Becher, B; Wiedorn, K H; Pirow, R; Deutschbein, M E; Vollmer, E; Paul, R J 1999. Epipodite and fat cells as sites of hemoglobin synthesis in the branchiopod crustacean Daphnia magna. Histochemistry and cell biology, 112 5, 335-9

James, J H; Wagner, K R; King, J K; Leffler, R E; Upputuri, R K; Balasubramaniam, A; Friend, L A; Shelly, D A; Paul, R J; Fischer, J E 1999. Stimulation of both aerobic glycolysis and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in skeletal muscle by epinephrine or amylin. The American journal of physiology, 277 1 Pt 1, E176-86

Kao, J; Fortner, C N; Liu, L H; Shull, G E; Paul, R J 1999. Ablation of the SERCA3 gene alters epithelium-dependent relaxation in mouse tracheal smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 277 2 Pt 1, L264-70

Lalli, M J; Shimizu, S; Sutliff, R L; Kranias, E G; Paul, R J 1999. [Ca2+]i homeostasis and cyclic nucleotide relaxation in aorta of phospholamban-deficient mice. The American journal of physiology, 277 3 Pt 2, H963-70

Maeda, S; Sutliff, R L; Qian, J; Lorenz, J N; Wang, J; Tang, H; Nakayama, T; Weber, C; Witte, D; Strauch, A R; Paul, R J; Fagin, J A; Clemens, T L 1999. Targeted overexpression of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) to vascular smooth muscle in transgenic mice lowers blood pressure and alters vascular contractility. Endocrinology, 140 4, 1815-25

McGraw, D W; Forbes, S L; Kramer, L A; Witte, D P; Fortner, C N; Paul, R J; Liggett, S B 1999. Transgenic overexpression of beta(2)-adrenergic receptors in airway smooth muscle alters myocyte function and ablates bronchial hyperreactivity. The Journal of biological chemistry, 274 45, 32241-7

Periasamy, M; Reed, T D; Liu, L H; Ji, Y; Loukianov, E; Paul, R J; Nieman, M L; Riddle, T; Duffy, J J; Doetschman, T; Lorenz, J N; Shull, G E 1999. Impaired cardiac performance in heterozygous mice with a null mutation in the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase isoform 2 (SERCA2) gene. The Journal of biological chemistry, 274 4, 2556-62

Pirow, ; Wollinger, ; Paul, 1999. The importance of the feeding current for oxygen uptake in the water flea daphnia magna The Journal of experimental biology, 202 (Pt 5) , 553-62

Qian, J; Lorenz, J N; Maeda, S; Sutliff, R L; Weber, C; Nakayama, T; Colbert, M C; Paul, R J; Fagin, J A; Clemens, T L 1999. Reduced blood pressure and increased sensitivity of the vasculature to parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) in transgenic mice overexpressing the PTH/PTHrP receptor in vascular smooth muscle. Endocrinology, 140 4, 1826-33

Shimizu, S; Paul, R J 1999. Hypoxia and alkalinization inhibit endothelium-derived nitric oxide but not endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor responses in porcine coronary artery. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 291 1, 335-44

Sutliff, R L; Hoying, J B; Kadambi, V J; Kranias, E G; Paul, R J 1999. Phospholamban is present in endothelial cells and modulates endothelium-dependent relaxation. Evidence from phospholamban gene-ablated mice. Circulation research, 84 3, 360-4

Sutliff, R L; Hoying, J B; Kadambi, V J; Kranias, E G; Paul, R J 1999. Phospholamban is present in endothelial cells and modulates endothelium-dependent relaxation. Evidence from phospholamban gene-ablated mice. Circulation research, 84 3, 360-4

Sutliff, R L; Weber, C S; Qian, J; Miller, M L; Clemens, T L; Paul, R J 1999. Vasorelaxant properties of parathyroid hormone-related protein in the mouse: evidence for endothelium involvement independent of nitric oxide formation. Endocrinology, 140 5, 2077-83

Paul, R J 1998. The role of phospholamban and SERCA3 in regulation of smooth muscle-endothelial cell signalling mechanisms: evidence from gene-ablated mice. Acta physiologica Scandinavica, 164 4, 589-97

Tosun, M; Paul, R J; Rapoport, R M 1998. Coupling of store-operated Ca++ entry to contraction in rat aorta. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 285 2, 759-66

Tosun, M; Paul, R J; Rapoport, R M 1998. Role of extracellular Ca++ influx via L-type and non-L-type Ca++ channels in thromboxane A2 receptor-mediated contraction in rat aorta. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 284 3, 921-8

Zhou, M; Sutliff, R L; Paul, R J; Lorenz, J N; Hoying, J B; Haudenschild, C C; Yin, M; Coffin, J D; Kong, L; Kranias, E G; Luo, W; Boivin, G P; Duffy, J J; Pawlowski, S A; Doetschman, T 1998. Fibroblast growth factor 2 control of vascular tone. Nature medicine, 4 2, 201-7

Zhou, M; Sutliff, R L; Paul, R J; Lorenz, J N; Hoying, J B; Haudenschild, C C; Yin, M; Coffin, J D; Kong, L; Kranias, E G; Luo, W; Boivin, G P; Duffy, J J; Pawlowski, S A; Doetschman, T 1998. Fibroblast growth factor 2 control of vascular tone. Nature medicine, 4 2, 201-7

Foy, R A; Shimizu, S; Paul, R J 1997. The effects of hypoxia on pHi in porcine coronary artery endothelium and smooth muscle. A novel method for measurements in endothelial cells in situ. Circulation research, 80 1, 21-7

Lalli, J; Harrer, J M; Luo, W; Kranias, E G; Paul, R J 1997. Targeted ablation of the phospholamban gene is associated with a marked decrease in sensitivity in aortic smooth muscle. Circulation research, 80 4, 506-13

Lalli, M J; Obara, K; Paul, R J 1997. Vanadate oxidation activates contraction in skinned smooth muscle without myosin light chain phosphorylation. The American journal of physiology, 272 1 Pt 1, C278-88

Liu, L H; Paul, R J; Sutliff, R L; Miller, M L; Lorenz, J N; Pun, R Y; Duffy, J J; Doetschman, T; Kimura, Y; MacLennan, D H; Hoying, J B; Shull, G E 1997. Defective endothelium-dependent relaxation of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cell Ca2+ signaling in mice lacking sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase isoform 3. The Journal of biological chemistry, 272 48, 30538-45

Lorenz, J N; Paul, R J 1997. Dependence of Ca2+ channel currents on endogenous and exogenous sources of ATP in portal vein smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 272 2 Pt 2, H987-94

Martin, A F; Bhatti, S; Paul, R J 1997. C-terminal isoforms of the myosin heavy chain and smooth muscle function. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology, 117 1, 3-11

Obara, K; Bowman, P S; Ishida, Y; Paul, R J 1997. Effects of hypoxia on [Ca2+]i, pHi and myosin light chain phosphorylation in guinea-pig taenia caeci. The Journal of physiology, 503 ( Pt 2) , 427-33

Paul, R J; Murphy, R A 1997. Role of myosin isoforms in smooth muscle function. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology, 117 1, 1-2

Paul, R J; Townsend, J B 1997. Some legal and managerial strategies for managing healthcare fraud. Health marketing quarterly, 14 3, 19-33

Pirow, R; Wollinger, F; Paul, R J 1997. Gas exchange and gas transport in a water breather of millimetre size. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 428 , 139-45

Shimizu, S; Paul, R J 1997. The endothelium-dependent, substance P relaxation of porcine coronary arteries resistant to nitric oxide synthesis inhibition is partially mediated by 4-aminopyridine-sensitive voltage-dependent K+ channels. Endothelium : journal of endothelial cell research, 5 4, 287-95

Tosun, M; Paul, R J; Rapoport, R M 1997. Intracellular Ca2+ elevation and contraction due to prostaglandin F2alpha in rat aorta. European journal of pharmacology, 340 2-3, 203-8

Wingard, C J; Paul, R J; Murphy, R A 1997. Energetic cost of activation processes during contraction of swine arterial smooth muscle. The Journal of physiology, 501 ( Pt 1) , 213-23

Aharonson-Daniel, L; Paul, R J; Hedley, A J 1996. Management of queues in out-patient departments: the use of computer simulation. Journal of management in medicine, 10 6, 50-8, 3

James, J H; Fang, C H; Schrantz, S J; Hasselgren, P O; Paul, R J; Fischer, J E 1996. Linkage of aerobic glycolysis to sodium-potassium transport in rat skeletal muscle. Implications for increased muscle lactate production in sepsis. The Journal of clinical investigation, 98 10, 2388-97

Obara, K; Szymanski, P T; Tao, T; Paul, R J 1996. Effects of calponin on isometric force and shortening velocity in permeabilized taenia coli smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 270 2 Pt 1, C481-7

Paul, R J; Schneckenburger, H 1996. Oxygen concentration and the oxidation-reduction state of yeast: determination of free/bound NADH and flavins by time-resolved spectroscopy. Die Naturwissenschaften, 83 1, 32-5

Cai, S; Ferguson, D G; Martin, A F; Paul, R J 1995. Smooth muscle contractility is modulated by myosin tail-S2-LMM hinge region interaction. The American journal of physiology, 269 5 Pt 1, C1126-32

Obara, K; Nikcevic, G; Pestic, L; Nowak, G; Lorimer, D D; Guerriero, V; Elson, E L; Paul, R J; de Lanerolle, P 1995. Fibroblast contractility without an increase in basal myosin light chain phosphorylation in wild type cells and cells expressing the catalytic domain of myosin light chain kinase. The Journal of biological chemistry, 270 32, 18734-7

Close, L A; Bowman, P S; Paul, R J 1994. Reoxygenation-induced relaxation of coronary arteries. A novel endothelium-dependent mechanism. Circulation research, 74 5, 870-81

Lehaney, B; Paul, R J 1994. Using soft systems methodology to develop a simulation of out-patient services. Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 114 5, 248-51

Nagesetty, R; Paul, R J 1994. Effects of pHi on isometric force and [Ca2+]i in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle. Circulation research, 75 6, 990-8

Wingard, C J; Paul, R J; Murphy, R A 1994. Dependence of ATP consumption on cross-bridge phosphorylation in swine carotid smooth muscle. The Journal of physiology, 481 ( Pt 1) , 111-7

Zhang, C; Paul, R J 1994. Excitation-contraction coupling and relaxation in porcine carotid arteries are specifically dependent on glucose. The American journal of physiology, 267 5 Pt 2, H1996-2004

Campbell, J D; Paul, R J 1993. Effects of diltiazem on force, [Ca2+]i, and energy metabolism in porcine coronary artery. Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 22 3, 408-15

Hardin, C D; Zhang, C; Kranias, E G; Steenaart, N A; Raeymaekers, L; Paul, R J 1993. Regulation of glycolytically fueled Ca2+ uptake in smooth muscle plasmalemmal vesicles by phosphorylation. The American journal of physiology, 265 4 Pt 2, H1326-33

Hashimoto, M; Close, L A; Ishida, Y; Paul, R J 1993. Dependence of endothelium-mediated relaxation on oxygen and metabolism in porcine coronary arteries. The American journal of physiology, 265 1 Pt 2, H299-306

Hewett, T E; Martin, A F; Paul, R J 1993. Correlations between myosin heavy chain isoforms and mechanical parameters in rat myometrium. The Journal of physiology, 460 , 351-64

Motley, E D; Paul, R J; Matlib, M A 1993. Role of Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle tension. The American journal of physiology, 264 4 Pt 2, H1028-40

Szymanski, P T; Ferguson, D G; Paul, R J 1993. Polylysine activates smooth muscle myosin ATPase activity via induction of a 10S to 6S transition. The American journal of physiology, 265 2 Pt 1, C379-86

Campbell, J D; Paul, R J 1992. The nature of fuel provision for the Na+,K(+)-ATPase in porcine vascular smooth muscle. The Journal of physiology, 447 , 67-82

Hardin, C D; Paul, R J 1992. Localization of two glycolytic enzymes in guinea-pig taenia coli. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1134 3, 256-9

Hardin, C D; Raeymaekers, L; Paul, R J 1992. Comparison of endogenous and exogenous sources of ATP in fueling Ca2+ uptake in smooth muscle plasma membrane vesicles. The Journal of general physiology, 99 1, 21-40

Strauss, J D; de Lanerolle, P; Paul, R J 1992. Effects of myosin kinase inhibiting peptide on contractility and LC20 phosphorylation in skinned smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 262 6 Pt 1, C1437-45

Szymanski, P T; Strauss, J D; Doerman, G; DiSalvo, J; Paul, R J 1992. Polylysine activates smooth muscle actin-myosin interaction without LC20 phosphorylation. The American journal of physiology, 262 6 Pt 1, C1446-55

Zhang, C; Paul, R J; Kranias, E G 1992. Calmodulin stimulation of smooth muscle plasmalemmal vesicle Ca2+ uptake: direct or indirect effect? The American journal of physiology, 263 2 Pt 2, H366-71

de Lanerolle, P; Paul, R J 1991. Myosin phosphorylation/dephosphorylation and regulation of airway smooth muscle contractility. The American journal of physiology, 261 2 Pt 1, L1-14

De Lanerolle, P; Strauss, J D; Felsen, R; Doerman, G E; Paul, R J 1991. Effects of antibodies to myosin light chain kinase on contractility and myosin phosphorylation in chemically permeabilized smooth muscle. Circulation research, 68 2, 457-65

Lang, R J; Ozolins, I Z; Paul, R J 1991. Effects of okadaic acid and ATP gamma S on cell length and Ca(2+)-channel currents recorded in single smooth muscle cells of the guinea-pig taenia caeci. British journal of pharmacology, 104 2, 331-6

Lang, R J; Paul, R J 1991. Effects of 2,3-butanedione monoxime on whole-cell Ca2+ channel currents in single cells of the guinea-pig taenia caeci. The Journal of physiology, 433 , 1-24

Paul, R J; Hewett, T E; Martin, A F 1991. Myosin heavy chain isoforms and smooth muscle function. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 304 , 139-45

Szymanski, P T; Paul, R J 1991. Polylysine: an activator of smooth muscle contractility. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 304 , 363-8

Campbell, J D; Paul, R J 1990. Vascular smooth muscle: quantitation of Na(+)-pump activity and aerobic glycolysis. Progress in clinical and biological research, 327 , 549-54

Close, L A; Paul, R J 1990. Characterization of an endothelial-dependent response to oxygen in porcine coronary artery. Progress in clinical and biological research, 327 , 555-8

Ishida, Y; Paul, R J 1990. Effects of hypoxia on high-energy phosphagen content, energy metabolism and isometric force in guinea-pig taenia caeci. The Journal of physiology, 424 , 41-56

Ngai, J H; Roth, P S; Paul, R J 1990. Effects of endothelium on basal tone and agonist and O2 sensitivity in porcine coronary artery. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 252 3, 1053-9

Paul, R J 1990. Smooth muscle energetics and theories of cross-bridge regulation. The American journal of physiology, 258 2 Pt 1, C369-75

Paul, R J; Wendt, I R; Walker, J S; Gibbs, C L 1990. Smooth muscle energetics: testing theories of crossbridge regulation. Progress in clinical and biological research, 327 , 29-38

Strauss, J D; Szymanski, P T; Di Salvo, J; Paul, R J 1990. Effects of modulators of myosin phosphorylation on isometric force and shortening velocity in skinned smooth muscle. Progress in clinical and biological research, 327 , 617-22

Hashimoto, M; Ishida, Y; Paul, R J 1989. Low tension cost of the procine coronary artery under various metabolic conditions. Progress in clinical and biological research, 315 , 467-8

Ishida, Y; Paul, R J 1989. Evidence for compartmentation of high energy phosphagens in smooth muscle. Progress in clinical and biological research, 315 , 417-28

Lynch, R M; Kuettner, C P; Paul, R J 1989. Glycogen metabolism during tension generation and maintenance in vascular smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 257 4 Pt 1, C736-42

Paul, R J 1989. Smooth muscle energetics. Annual review of physiology, 51 , 331-49

Paul, R J; Hardin, C D; Raeymaekers, L; Wuytack, F; Casteels, R 1989. Preferential support of Ca2+ uptake in smooth muscle plasma membrane vesicles by an endogenous glycolytic cascade. The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 3 11, 2298-301

Paul, R J; Hardin, C; Campbell, J; Raeymaekers, L 1989. Compartmentation of metabolism and function in smooth muscle. Progress in clinical and biological research, 315 , 381-90

Rüegg, J C; Zeugner, C; Strauss, J D; Paul, R J; Kemp, B; Chem, M; Li, A Y; Hartshorne, D J 1989. A calmodulin-binding peptide relaxes skinned muscle from guinea-pig taenia coli. Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 414 3, 282-5

Krisanda, J M; Paul, R J 1988. Dependence of force, velocity, and O2 consumption on [Ca2+]o in porcine carotid artery. The American journal of physiology, 255 3 Pt 1, C393-400

Paul, R J; Rüegg, J C 1988. Role of magnesium in activation of smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 255 4 Pt 1, C465-72

Lynch, R M; Paul, R J 1987. Compartmentation of carbohydrate metabolism in vascular smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 252 3 Pt 1, C328-34

Paul, R J; Strauss, J D; Krisanda, J M 1987. The effects of calcium on smooth muscle mechanics and energetics. Progress in clinical and biological research, 245 , 319-32

Lynch, R M; Paul, R J 1986. Compartmentation of carbohydrate metabolism in vascular smooth muscle: evidence for at least two functionally independent pools of glucose 6-phosphate. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 887 3, 315-8

Martin, A F; Paul, R J; McMahon, E G 1986. Isomyosin transitions in ventricles of aldosterone-salt hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 8 2, 128-32

McMahon, E G; Paul, R J 1986. Effects of forskolin and cyclic nucleotides on isometric force in rat aorta. The American journal of physiology, 250 3 Pt 1, C468-73

McMahon, E G; Paul, R J 1986. Reversal of changes in metabolism and calcium sensitivity in aortas of rats recovered from aldosterone-salt hypertension. Blood vessels, 23 4-5, 257-60

Paul, R J; Lynch, R M; Krisanda, J M 1986. Vascular metabolism and energetics. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 194 , 375-87

Rubanyi, G; Galvas, P; DiSalvo, J; Paul, R J 1986. Eicosonoid metabolism and beta-adrenergic mechanisms in coronary arterial smooth muscle: potential compartmentation of cAMP. The American journal of physiology, 250 3 Pt 1, C406-12

Galvas, P E; Kuettner, C; Paul, R J; Di Salvo, J 1985. Temporal relationships between isometric force, phosphorylase, and protein kinase activities in vascular smooth muscle. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 178 2, 254-60

Hickey, K A; Rubanyi, G; Paul, R J; Highsmith, R F 1985. Characterization of a coronary vasoconstrictor produced by cultured endothelial cells. The American journal of physiology, 248 5 Pt 1, C550-6

Lynch, R M; Paul, R J 1985. Energy metabolism and transduction in smooth muscle. Experientia, 41 8, 970-7

McMahon, E G; Paul, R J 1985. Calcium sensitivity of isometric force in intact and chemically skinned aortas during the development of aldosterone-salt hypertension in the rat. Circulation research, 56 3, 427-35

Mrwa, U; Güth, K; Rüegg, J C; Paul, R J; Boström, S; Barsotti, R; Hartshorne, D 1985. Mechanical and biochemical characterization of the contraction elicited by a calcium-independent myosin light chain kinase in chemically skinned smooth muscle. Experientia, 41 8, 1002-6

Rubanyi, G M; Paul, R J 1985. Modulation of beta adrenergic responsiveness by arachidonic acid metabolites in isolated bovine coronary arteries. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 234 3, 555-60

Rubanyi, G M; Paul, R J 1985. Alterations of arachidonic acid metabolism modulate adenosine relaxation in isolated coronary arteries. Blood vessels, 22 5, 209-16

Rubanyi, G; Paul, R J 1985. Two distinct effects of oxygen on vascular tone in isolated porcine coronary arteries. Circulation research, 56 1, 1-10

Krisanda, J M; Paul, R J 1984. Energetics of isometric contraction in porcine carotid artery. The American journal of physiology, 246 5 Pt 1, C510-9

Lynch, R M; Paul, R J 1984. Glucose uptake in porcine carotid artery: relation to alterations in active Na+-K+ transport. The American journal of physiology, 247 5 Pt 1, C433-40

McMahon, E G; Paul, R J 1984. Metabolic and mechanical properties of aortas from aldosterone-salt hypertensive rats. Circulation research, 55 3, 349-57

Paul, R J; Hellstrand, P 1984. Dissociation of phosphorylase a activation and contractile activity in rat portal vein. Acta physiologica Scandinavica, 121 1, 23-30

Paul, R J; Krisanda, J M; Lynch, R M 1984. Vascular smooth muscle energetics. Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 6 Suppl 2 , S320-7

Rubanyi, G; Paul, R J 1984. O2-sensitivity of beta adrenergic responsiveness in isolated bovine and porcine coronary arteries. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 230 3, 692-8

Hellstrand, P; Paul, R J 1983. Phosphagen content, breakdown during contraction, and O2 consumption in rat portal vein. The American journal of physiology, 244 3, C250-8

Krisanda, J M; Paul, R J 1983. Phosphagen and metabolite content during contraction in porcine carotid artery. The American journal of physiology, 244 5, C385-90

Lynch, R M; Paul, R J 1983. Compartmentation of glycolytic and glycogenolytic metabolism in vascular smooth muscle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 222 4630, 1344-6

Paul, R J 1983. The effects of isoproterenol and ouabain on oxygen consumption, lactate production, and the activation of phosphorylase in coronary artery smooth muscle. Circulation research, 52 6, 683-90

Paul, R J 1983. Functional compartmentalization of oxidative and glycolytic metabolism in vascular smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 244 5, C399-409

Paul, R J 1983. Physical and biochemical energy balance during an isometric tetanus and steady state recovery in frog sartorius at 0 degree C. The Journal of general physiology, 81 3, 337-54

Paul, R J 1983. Coordination of metabolism and contractility in vascular smooth muscle. Federation proceedings, 42 1, 62-6

Paul, R J; Doerman, G; Zeugner, C; Rüegg, J C 1983. The dependence of unloaded shortening velocity on Ca++, calmodulin, and duration of contraction in "chemically skinned" smooth muscle. Circulation research, 53 3, 342-51

Solaro, R J; DiSalvo, J; Paul, R J 1983. Coordination of metabolism and contractility by phosphorylation in cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle. Introduction. Federation proceedings, 42 1, 7-8

Gilloteaux, J; Paul, R J; Steggles, A W 1982. Upper genital tract abnormalities in the Syrian hamster as a result of in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol. I. Uterine cystadenomatous papilloma and hypoplasia. Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological anatomy and histopathology, 398 2, 163-83

Paul, R J 1982. Comparison of physical and biochemical energy balances: chemical breakdown, heat production, and oxygen consumption in frog sartorius muscle. Federation proceedings, 41 2, 169-73

Rüegg, J C; DiSalvo, J; Paul, R J 1982. Soluble relaxation factor from vascular smooth muscle: a myosin light chain phosphatase? Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 106 4, 1126-33

Rüegg, J C; Paul, R J 1982. Vascular smooth muscle. Calmodulin and cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase after calcium sensitivity in porcine carotid skinned fibers. Circulation research, 50 3, 394-9

Paul, R J; Bauer, M; Pease, W 1979. Vascular smooth muscle: aerobic glycolysis linked to sodium and potassium transport processes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 206 4425, 1414-6

Glück, E; Paul, R J 1977. The aerobic metabolism of porcine carotid artery and its relationship to isometric force. Energy cost of isometric contraction. Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 370 1, 9-18

Kushmerick, M J; Paul, R J 1977. Chemical energetics in repeated contractions of frog sartorius muscles at 0 degrees C. The Journal of physiology, 267 1, 249-60

Paul, R J 1977. Comments on: oxygen tension sensors in vascular smooth muscle. Advances in experimental medicine and biology, 78 , 117-22

Kushmerick, M J; Paul, R J 1976. Relationship between initial chemical reactions and oxidative recovery metabolism for single isometric contractions of frog sartorius at 0 degrees C. The Journal of physiology, 254 3, 711-27

Kushmerick, M J; Paul, R J 1976. Aerobic recovery metabolism following a single isometric tetanus in frog sartorius muscle at 0 degrees C. The Journal of physiology, 254 3, 693-709

Paul, R J 1976. Proceedings: Polarographic measurement of O2 consumption in frog sartorius muscle at 0 DEGREES C. The Journal of physiology, 258 2, 47P-48P

Paul, R J; Glück, E; Rüegg, J C 1976. Cross bridge ATP utilization in arterial smooth muscle. Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 361 3, 297-9

Paul, R J; Peterson, J W 1975. Relation between length, isometric force, and O2 consumption rate in vascular smooth muscle. The American journal of physiology, 228 3, 915-22

Paul, R J; Kushmerick, M J 1974. Apparent P-O ratio and chemical energy balance in frog sartorius muscle in vitro. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 347 3, 483-90

Paul, R J; Peterson, J W; Caplan, S R 1974. A nonequilibrium thermodynamic description of vascular smooth muscle mechanochemistry. I. The rate of oxygen consumption: a measure of the driving chemical reaction. Journal of mechanochemistry & cell motility, 3 1, 19-32

Peterson, J W; Paul, R J 1974. Effects of initial length and active shortening on vascular smooth muscle contractility. The American journal of physiology, 227 5, 1019-24

Peterson, J W; Paul, R J 1974. Aerobic glycolysis in vascular smooth muscle: relation to isometric tension. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 357 2, 167-76

Paul, R J; Peterson, J W; Caplan, S R 1973. Oxygen consumption rate in vascular smooth muscle: relation to isometric tension. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 305 2, 474-80

Bäumer, C; Pirow, R; Paul, R J . Respiratory adaptations to running-water microhabitats in mayfly larvae Epeorus sylvicola and Ecdyonurus torrentis, Ephemeroptera. Physiological and biochemical zoology : PBZ, 73 1, 77-85

Hashimoto, M; Ishida, Y; Naruse, I; Paul, R J . Prolonged cold storage abolishes endothelium-dependent relaxing responses to A23187 and substance P in porcine coronary arteries. Journal of vascular research, 29 2, 64-70

Ishida, Y; Riesinger, I; Wallimann, T; Paul, R J . Compartmentation of ATP synthesis and utilization in smooth muscle: roles of aerobic glycolysis and creatine kinase. Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 133-134 , 39-50

Shimizu, S; Shimizu, K; Paul, R J . Cold storage induces an endothelium-independent relaxation to hypoxia/reoxygenation in porcine coronary arteries. Journal of vascular research, 34 5, 399-407

Shimizu, S; Yokoshiki, H; Sperelakis, N; Paul, R J . Role of voltage-dependent and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels on the regulation of isometric force in porcine coronary artery. Journal of vascular research, 37 1, 16-25

Thorne, George D; Ishida, Yukisato; Paul, Richard J . Hypoxic vasorelaxation: Ca2+-dependent and Ca2+-independent mechanisms. Cell calcium, 36 3-4, 201-8

Published Abstracts

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Gu, M., Ishida, Y., Wardle, R.L., Bowman, P.D. and Paul, R.J. . Hypoxic vasorelaxation in porcine coronary artery is not mediated by reactive oxygen species , ,


Lilly, B., Clark, K.A., Yoshigi, M., Pronovost, S., Wu, M-L., Paul, R.J., Yet, S-F., and Beckerle, M.C. . The smooth muscle marker cysteine-rich protein 1 is not essential for smooth muscle development, but participates in the vascular injury response. , ,


Nobe, K., Yoshida, H.O., Nobe, H., Kolodney, M., Paul, R., Honda, K. . Rho A and the Rho Kinase Pathway Regulate Fibroblast Contraction in Wound Healing:Enhanced Contraction in Dominant Active Rho A Fibroblast Cells Manuscript Number: C-00485-2006 , ,


Pritchard, T.J., Bowman, P.S., Jefferson, A., Lynch, R.M. and Paul, R.J. . Na+-K+ ATPase and Ca2+ clearance proteins in smooth muscle: A functional unit? , ,


Pritchard, T.J., Paul, R.J. and Lynch, R. M. . Increased Na+-K+ ATPase Decreases Intracellular Ca2+ in Smooth Muscle: Evidence from Transgenic Mice , ,