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Department of

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Photo of  Patrick Tso, PhD

Patrick Tso, PhD

Professor, Mary M. Emery Chair of Pathology, Director Cincinnati Mouse Metabolic Phenotyping Center

Education/Credentials
  • Doctorate: University of Western Australia

Research/Clinical Interests

One of our research goals is to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms and factors regulating intestinal lipid absorption and the assembly and secretion of chylomicrons and very low density lipoproteins by the small intestine. The techniques we employ consist of conscious intestinal lymph fistula rats, lymph fistula mouse, intestinal epithelial cell culture, and also molecular biology. We are currently studying how bile salts are involved in the absorption of lipids. In addition, we are also studying the factors regulating the synthesis and secretion of apolipoproteins by the small intestine. The apolipoproteins we are studying are: apo AI, apo AIV, apo B, and apo CIII.

Contact Information
  • Metabolic Diseases Institute
  • 2120 Galbraith Road
  • Reading, Ohio 45215
  • Office (513) 558-2151
  • Email patrick.tso@uc.edu

Peer Reviewed Publications

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Li, Xiaoming; Wang, Fei; Xu, Min; Howles, Philip; Tso, Patrick 2017. ApoA-IV improves insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake in mouse adipocytes via PI3K-Akt Signaling. Scientific reports, 7 , 41289

Packard, Amy E B; Zhang, Jintao; Myers, Brent; Ko, Chih-Wei; Wang, Fei; Tso, Patrick; Ulrich-Lai, Yvonne M 2017. Apolipoprotein A-IV constrains HPA and behavioral stress responsivity in a strain-dependent manner. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 86 , 34-44

Rao, Raghavendra; Roche, Alexander; Febres, Gerardo; Bessler, Marc; Tso, Patrick; Korner, Judith 2017. Circulating Apolipoprotein A-IV presurgical levels are associated with improvement in insulin sensitivity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, 13 3, 468-473

Wang, David Q-H; Portincasa, Piero; Tso, Patrick 2017. Transintestinal cholesterol excretion: A secondary, nonbiliary pathway contributing to reverse cholesterol transport. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.), 66 4, 1337-1340

Weng, Jonathan; Lou, Danwen; Benoit, Stephen C; Coschigano, Natalie; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick; Lo, Chunmin C 2017. Energy homeostasis in apolipoprotein AIV and cholecystokinin-deficient mice. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, , ajpregu.00034.2017

Zhang, Ming; Sun, Kaiji; Wu, Yujun; Yang, Ying; Tso, Patrick; Wu, Zhenlong 2017. Interactions between Intestinal Microbiota and Host Immune Response in Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Frontiers in immunology, 8 , 942

Zhang, Yupeng; He, Jing; Zhao, Jing; Xu, Min; Lou, Danwen; Tso, Patrick; Li, Zongfang; Li, Xiaoming 2017. Effect of ApoA4 on SERPINA3 mediated by nuclear receptors NR4A1 and NR1D1 in hepatocytes. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 487 2, 327-332

Gordon, Scott M; Li, Hailong; Zhu, Xiaoting; Tso, Patrick; Reardon, Catherine A; Shah, Amy S; Lu, L Jason; Davidson, W Sean 2016. Impact of genetic deletion of platform apolipoproteins on the size distribution of the murine lipoproteome. Journal of proteomics, 146 , 184-94

Kassis, Timothy; Yarlagadda, Sri Charan; Kohan, Alison B; Tso, Patrick; Breedveld, Victor; Dixon, J Brandon 2016. Postprandial lymphatic pump function after a high-fat meal: a characterization of contractility, flow, and viscosity. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 310 10, G776-89

Kohan, Alison B; Yang, Qing; Xu, Min; Lee, Dana; Tso, Patrick 2016. Monosodium glutamate inhibits the lymphatic transport of lipids in the rat. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 311 4, G648-G654

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Chu, Wen-Jang; Weber, Wade A; Welge, Jeffrey A; Strawn, Jeffrey R; Adler, Caleb M; DelBello, Melissa P 2016. Effects of fish oil supplementation on prefrontal metabolite concentrations in adolescents with major depressive disorder: A preliminary (1)H MRS study. Nutritional neuroscience, 19 4, 145-55

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick; Blom, Thomas J; Welge, Jeffrey A; Strawn, Jeffrey R; Adler, Caleb M; Strakowski, Stephen M; DelBello, Melissa P 2016. Adolescents with or at ultra-high risk for bipolar disorder exhibit erythrocyte docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid deficits: a candidate prodromal risk biomarker. Early intervention in psychiatry, 10 3, 203-11

Rider, T; LeBoeuf, R C; Tso, Patrick; Jandacek, R J 2016. The Use of Kits in the Analysis of Tissue Lipids Requires Validation. Lipids, 51 4, 497-504

Sato, Hirokazu; Zhang, Linda S; Martinez, Kristina; Chang, Eugene B; Yang, Qing; Wang, Fei; Howles, Philip N; Hokari, Ryota; Miura, Soichiro; Tso, Patrick 2016. Antibiotics Suppress Activation of Intestinal Mucosal Mast Cells and Reduce Dietary Lipid Absorption in Sprague-Dawley Rats. Gastroenterology, 151 5, 923-932

Song, Chi Young; Ghafoor, Khuzema; Ghafoor, Hafiz U; Khan, Nayaab S; Thirunavukkarasu, Shyamala; Jennings, Brett L; Estes, Anne M; Zaidi, Sahar; Bridges, Dave; Tso, Patrick; Gonzalez, Frank J; Malik, Kafait U 2016. Cytochrome P450 1B1 Contributes to the Development of Atherosclerosis and Hypertension in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. Hypertension, 67 1, 206-13

Woods, Stephen C; May, Aaron A; Liu, Min; Tso, Patrick; Begg, Denovan P 2016. Using the cerebrospinal fluid to understand ingestive behavior. Physiology & behavior, ,

Han, Shuxin; Han, Sean Shuxin; Zhang, Rongli; Jain, Rajan; Shi, Hong; Zhang, Lilei; Zhou, Guangjin; Sangwung, Panjamaporn; Tugal, Derin; Atkins, G Brandon; Prosdocimo, Domenick A; Lu, Yuan; Han, Xiaonan; Tso, Patrick; Liao, Xudong; Epstein, Jonathan A; Jain, Mukesh K 2015. Circadian control of bile acid synthesis by a KLF15-Fgf15 axis. Nature communications, 6 , 7231

Kohan, Alison B; Wang, Fei; Lo, Chun-Min; Liu, Min; Tso, Patrick 2015. ApoA-IV: current and emerging roles in intestinal lipid metabolism, glucose homeostasis, and satiety. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 308 6, G472-81

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick; Blom, Thomas J; Welge, Jeffrey A; Strawn, Jeffrey R; Adler, Caleb M; DelBello, Melissa P; Strakowski, Stephen M 2015. First-episode bipolar disorder is associated with erythrocyte membrane docosahexaenoic acid deficits: Dissociation from clinical response to lithium or quetiapine. Psychiatry research, 230 2, 447-53

Pressler, Josh W; Haller, April; Sorrell, Joyce; Wang, Fei; Seeley, Randy J; Tso, Patrick; Sandoval, Darleen A 2015. Vertical sleeve gastrectomy restores glucose homeostasis in apolipoprotein A-IV KO mice. Diabetes, 64 2, 498-507

Shen, Ling; Haas, Michael; Wang, David Q-H; May, Aaron; Lo, Chunmin C; Obici, Silvana; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Liu, Min 2015. Ginsenoside Rb1 increases insulin sensitivity by activating AMP-activated protein kinase in male rats. Physiological reports, 3 9,

Shen, Ling; Wang, David Q-H; Lo, Chunmin C; Arnold, Myrtha; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Liu, Min 2015. Gut vagal afferents are necessary for the eating-suppressive effect of intraperitoneally administered ginsenoside Rb1 in rats. Physiology & behavior, 152 Pt A, 62-7

Wang, Fei; Kohan, Alison B; Lo, Chun-Min; Liu, Min; Howles, Philip; Tso, Patrick 2015. Apolipoprotein A-IV: a protein intimately involved in metabolism. Journal of lipid research, 56 8, 1403-18

Wang, Fei; Yang, Qing; Huesman, Sarah; Xu, Min; Li, Xiaoming; Lou, Danwen; Woods, Stephen C; Marziano, Corina; Tso, Patrick 2015. The role of apolipoprotein A-IV in regulating glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 309 8, G680-7

Wang, Fei; Yoder, Stephanie M; Yang, Qing; Kohan, Alison B; Kindel, Tammy L; Wang, Jacob; Tso, Patrick 2015. Chronic high-fat feeding increases GIP and GLP-1 secretion without altering body weight. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 309 10, G807-15

Yan, Chunling; He, Yanlin; Xu, Yuanzhong; Shu, Gang; Wang, Chunmei; Yang, Yongjie; Saito, Kenji; Xu, Pingwen; Hinton, Antentor Othrell; Yan, Xiaofeng; Yu, Likai; Wu, Qi; Tso, Patrick; Tong, Qingchun; Xu, Yong 2015. Apolipoprotein A-IV Inhibits AgRP/NPY Neurons and Activates POMC Neurons in the Arcuate Nucleus. Neuroendocrinology, ,

Zhang, Linda S; Sato, Hirokazu; Yang, Qing; Ryan, Robert O; Wang, David Q-H; Howles, Philip N; Tso, Patrick 2015. Apolipoprotein A-V is present in bile and its secretion increases with lipid absorption in Sprague-Dawley rats. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 309 11, G918-25

Zhang, Linda S; Xu, Min; Yang, Qing; Lou, Danwen; Howles, Philip N; Tso, Patrick 2015. ABCG5/G8 deficiency in mice reduces dietary triacylglycerol and cholesterol transport into the lymph. Lipids, 50 4, 371-9

Zhang, Linda S; Xu, Min; Yang, Qing; Ryan, Robert O; Howles, Philip; Tso, Patrick 2015. Apolipoprotein A-V deficiency enhances chylomicron production in lymph fistula mice. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 308 7, G634-42

Able, Jessica A; Liu, Yanhong; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; McNamara, Robert K 2014. Omega-3 fatty acid deficient male rats exhibit abnormal behavioral activation in the forced swim test following chronic fluoxetine treatment: association with altered 5-HT1A and alpha2A adrenergic receptor expression. Journal of psychiatric research, 50 , 42-50

Jandacek, Ronald J; Heubi, James E; Buckley, Donna D; Khoury, Jane C; Turner, Wayman E; Sjödin, Andreas; Olson, James R; Shelton, Christie; Helms, Kim; Bailey, Tina D; Carter, Shirley; Tso, Patrick; Pavuk, Marian 2014. Reduction of the body burden of PCBs and DDE by dietary intervention in a randomized trial. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 25 4, 483-8

Li, Xiaoming; Xu, Min; Wang, Fei; Kohan, Alison B; Haas, Michael K; Yang, Qing; Lou, Danwen; Obici, Silvana; Davidson, W Sean; Tso, Patrick 2014. Apolipoprotein A-IV reduces hepatic gluconeogenesis through nuclear receptor NR1D1. The Journal of biological chemistry, 289 4, 2396-404

Lo, Chunmin C; Davidson, W Sean; Hibbard, Stephanie K; Georgievsky, Maria; Lee, Alexander; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C 2014. Intraperitoneal CCK and fourth-intraventricular Apo AIV require both peripheral and NTS CCK1R to reduce food intake in male rats. Endocrinology, 155 5, 1700-7

McNamara, Robert K; Rider, Therese; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick 2014. Abnormal fatty acid pattern in the superior temporal gyrus distinguishes bipolar disorder from major depression and schizophrenia and resembles multiple sclerosis. Psychiatry research, 215 3, 560-7

McNamara, Robert K; Strimpfel, Jennifer; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Welge, Jeffrey A; Strawn, Jeffrey R; Delbello, Melissa P 2014. Detection and Treatment of Long-Chain Omega-3 Fatty Acid Deficiency in Adolescents with SSRI-Resistant Major Depressive Disorder. PharmaNutrition, 2 2, 38-46

Ohlsson, Lena; Kohan, Alison B; Tso, Patrick; Ahrén, Bo 2014. GLP-1 released to the mesenteric lymph duct in mice: effects of glucose and fat. Regulatory peptides, 189 , 40-5

Poole, Daniel P; Lee, Mike; Tso, Patrick; Bunnett, Nigel W; Yo, Sek Jin; Lieu, TinaMarie; Shiu, Amy; Wang, Jen-Chywan; Nomura, Daniel K; Aponte, Gregory W 2014. Feeding-dependent activation of enteric cells and sensory neurons by lymphatic fluid: evidence for a neurolymphocrine system. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 306 8, G686-98

Shen, Ling; Liu, Yin; Wang, David Q H; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Liu, Min 2014. Estradiol stimulates apolipoprotein A-IV gene expression in the nucleus of the solitary tract through estrogen receptor-?. Endocrinology, 155 10, 3882-90

Walker, Ryan G; Deng, Xiaodi; Melchior, John T; Morris, Jamie; Tso, Patrick; Jones, Martin K; Segrest, Jere P; Thompson, Thomas B; Davidson, W Sean 2014. The structure of human apolipoprotein A-IV as revealed by stable isotope-assisted cross-linking, molecular dynamics, and small angle x-ray scattering. The Journal of biological chemistry, 289 9, 5596-608

Wang, Fei; Kohan, Alison B; Dong, H Henry; Yang, Qing; Xu, Min; Huesman, Sarah; Lou, Danwen; Hui, David Y; Tso, Patrick 2014. Overexpression of apolipoprotein C-III decreases secretion of dietary triglyceride into lymph. Physiological reports, 2 3, e00247

Ji, Yong; Sakata, Yasuhisa; Li, Xiaoming; Zhang, Chao; Yang, Qing; Xu, Min; Wollin, Armin; Langhans, Wolfgang; Tso, Patrick 2013. Lymphatic diamine oxidase secretion stimulated by fat absorption is linked with histamine release. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 304 8, G732-40

Kohan, Alison B; Vandersall, Abbey E; Yang, Qing; Xu, Min; Jandacek, Ronald J; Tso, Patrick 2013. The transport of DDT from chylomicrons to adipocytes does not mimic triacylglycerol transport. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1831 2, 300-5

Kohan, Alison B; Wang, Fei; Li, Xiaoming; Vandersall, Abbey E; Huesman, Sarah; Xu, Min; Yang, Qing; Lou, Danwen; Tso, Patrick 2013. Is apolipoprotein A-IV rate limiting in the intestinal transport and absorption of triglyceride? American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 304 12, G1128-35

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica A; Liu, Yanhong; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Lipton, Jack W 2013. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency does not alter the effects of chronic fluoxetine treatment on central serotonin turnover or behavior in the forced swim test in female rats. Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 114-115 , 1-8

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Dwivedi, Yogesh; Pandey, Ghanshyam N 2013. Adult medication-free schizophrenic patients exhibit long-chain omega-3 Fatty Acid deficiency: implications for cardiovascular disease risk. Cardiovascular psychiatry and neurology, 2013 , 796462

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick; Dwivedi, Yogesh; Ren, Xinguo; Pandey, Ghanshyam N 2013. Lower docosahexaenoic acid concentrations in the postmortem prefrontal cortex of adult depressed suicide victims compared with controls without cardiovascular disease. Journal of psychiatric research, 47 9, 1187-91

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick; Weber, Wade; Chu, Wen-Jang; Strakowski, Stephen M; Adler, Caleb M; Delbello, Melissa P 2013. Low docosahexaenoic acid status is associated with reduced indices in cortical integrity in the anterior cingulate of healthy male children: a 1H MRS Study. Nutritional neuroscience, 16 4, 183-90

Trevaskis, Natalie L; Caliph, Suzanne M; Nguyen, Gary; Tso, Patrick; Charman, William N; Porter, Christopher J H 2013. A mouse model to evaluate the impact of species, sex, and lipid load on lymphatic drug transport. Pharmaceutical research, 30 12, 3254-70

Wang, Fei; Pearson, Kevin J; Davidson, W Sean; Tso, Patrick 2013. Specific sequences in N termini of apolipoprotein A-IV modulate its anorectic effect. Physiology & behavior, 120 , 136-42

Yeap, Yan Yan; Trevaskis, Natalie L; Quach, Tim; Tso, Patrick; Charman, William N; Porter, Christopher J H 2013. Intestinal bile secretion promotes drug absorption from lipid colloidal phases via induction of supersaturation. Molecular pharmaceutics, 10 5, 1874-89

Zippin, Jonathan H; Chen, Yanqiu; Straub, Susanne G; Hess, Kenneth C; Diaz, Ana; Lee, Dana; Tso, Patrick; Holz, George G; Sharp, Geoffrey W G; Levin, Lonny R; Buck, Jochen 2013. CO2/HCO3(-)- and calcium-regulated soluble adenylyl cyclase as a physiological ATP sensor. The Journal of biological chemistry, 288 46, 33283-91

Arnold, Myrtha; Dai, Yunting; Tso, Patrick; Langhans, Wolfgang 2012. Meal-contingent intestinal lymph sampling from awake, unrestrained rats. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 302 12, R1365-71

Deng, Xiaodi; Morris, Jamie; Dressmen, James; Tubb, Matthew R; Tso, Patrick; Jerome, W Gray; Davidson, W Sean; Thompson, Thomas B 2012. The structure of dimeric apolipoprotein A-IV and its mechanism of self-association. Structure (London, England : 1993), 20 5, 767-79

Fei-Wang, ; Tian, De-Run; Tso, Patrick; Han, Ji-Sheng 2012. Diet-induced obese rats exhibit impaired LKB1-AMPK signaling in hypothalamus and adipose tissue. Peptides, 35 1, 23-30

Ji, Yong; Sakata, Yasuhisa; Yang, Qing; Li, Xiaoming; Xu, Min; Yoder, Stephanie; Langhans, Wolfgang; Tso, Patrick 2012. Activation of rat intestinal mucosal mast cells by fat absorption. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 302 11, G1292-300

Kassis, Timothy; Kohan, Alison B; Weiler, Michael J; Nipper, Matthew E; Cornelius, Rachel; Tso, Patrick; Dixon, J Brandon 2012. Dual-channel in-situ optical imaging system for quantifying lipid uptake and lymphatic pump function. Journal of biomedical optics, 17 8, 086005

Kohan, Alison B; Howles, Philip N; Tso, Patrick 2012. Methods for studying rodent intestinal lipoprotein production and metabolism. Current protocols in mouse biology, 2 , 219-230

Kohan, Alison B; Wang, Fei; Li, Xiaoming; Bradshaw, Suzanne; Yang, Qing; Caldwell, Jody L; Bullock, Tera M; Tso, Patrick 2012. Apolipoprotein A-IV regulates chylomicron metabolism-mechanism and function. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 302 6, G628-36

Lo, Chunmin C; Langhans, Wolfgang; Georgievsky, Maria; Arnold, Myrtha; Caldwell, Jody L; Cheng, Stacy; Liu, Min; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2012. Apolipoprotein AIV requires cholecystokinin and vagal nerves to suppress food intake. Endocrinology, 153 12, 5857-65

Lu, Wendell J; Yang, Qing; Yang, Li; Lee, Dana; D'Alessio, David; Tso, Patrick 2012. Chylomicron formation and secretion is required for lipid-stimulated release of incretins GLP-1 and GIP. Lipids, 47 6, 571-80

McNamara, Robert K; Magrisso, I Jack; Hofacer, Rylon; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Benoit, Stephen C 2012. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency augments risperidone-induced hepatic steatosis in rats: positive association with stearoyl-CoA desaturase. Pharmacological research, 66 4, 283-91

Qin, Xiaofa; Dong, Wei; Sharpe, Susan M; Sheth, Sharvil U; Palange, David C; Rider, Therese; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick; Deitch, Edwin A 2012. Role of lipase-generated free fatty acids in converting mesenteric lymph from a noncytotoxic to a cytotoxic fluid. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 303 8, G969-78

Rebholz, Sandra L; Jones, Thomas; Burke, Katie T; Jaeschke, Anja; Tso, Patrick; D'Alessio, David A; Woollett, Laura A 2012. Multiparity leads to obesity and inflammation in mothers and obesity in male offspring. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 302 4, E449-57

Tso, Patrick; Caldwell, Jody; Lee, Dana; Boivin, Gregory P; DeMichele, Stephen J 2012. Comparison of growth, serum biochemistries and n-6 fatty acid metabolism in rats fed diets supplemented with high-gamma-linolenic acid safflower oil or borage oil for 90 days. Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 50 6, 1911-9

Wang, Fei; Kohan, Alison B; Kindel, Tammy L; Corbin, Kathryn L; Nunemaker, Craig S; Obici, Silvana; Woods, Stephen C; Davidson, W Sean; Tso, Patrick 2012. Apolipoprotein A-IV improves glucose homeostasis by enhancing insulin secretion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 24, 9641-6

Yoshimichi, Go; Lo, Chunmin C; Tamashiro, Kellie L K; Ma, Liyun; Lee, Dana M; Begg, Denovan P; Liu, Min; Sakai, Randall R; Woods, Stephen C; Yoshimatsu, Hironobu; Tso, Patrick 2012. Effect of peripheral administration of cholecystokinin on food intake in apolipoprotein AIV knockout mice. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 302 11, G1336-42

Clegg, Deborah J; Gotoh, Koro; Kemp, Christopher; Wortman, Matthew D; Benoit, Stephen C; Brown, Lynda M; D 2011. Consumption of a high-fat diet induces central insulin resistance independent of adiposity Physiology & behavior, 103 1, 10-6

Fei Wang, ; Tian, De Run; Tso, Patrick; Han, Ji Sheng 2011. Arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus is involved in mediating the satiety effect of electroacupuncture in obese rats. Peptides, 32 12, 2394-9

Hofacer, Rylon; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Magrisso, I Jack; Benoit, Stephen C; McNamara, Robert K 2011. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency selectively up-regulates delta6-desaturase expression and activity indices in rat liver: prevention by normalization of omega-3 fatty acid status. Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.), 31 9, 715-22

Kindel, Tammy L; Martins, Paulo J F; Yoder, Stephanie M; Jandacek, Ronald J; Seeley, Randy J; D 2011. Bypassing the duodenum does not improve insulin resistance associated with diet-induced obesity in rodents Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 19 2, 380-7

Kohan, Alison B; Qing, Yang; Cyphert, Holly A; Tso, Patrick; Salati, Lisa M 2011. Chylomicron remnants and nonesterified fatty acids differ in their ability to inhibit genes involved in lipogenesis in rats The Journal of nutrition, 141 2, 171-6

Lo, Chun-Min; Obici, Silvana; Dong, H Henry; Haas, Michael; Lou, Dawnwen; Kim, Dae Hyun; Liu, Min; D'Alessio, David; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2011. Impaired insulin secretion and enhanced insulin sensitivity in cholecystokinin-deficient mice. Diabetes, 60 7, 2000-7

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick 2011. Chronic risperidone normalizes elevated pro-inflammatory cytokine and C-reactive protein production in omega-3 fatty acid deficient rats European journal of pharmacology, 652 1-3, 152-6

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Cole-Strauss, Allyson; Lipton, Jack W 2011. Atypical antipsychotic medications increase postprandial triglyceride and glucose levels in male rats: Relationship with stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity Schizophrenia research, ,

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Cole-Strauss, Allyson; Lipton, Jack W 2011. Differential effects of antipsychotic medications on polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis in rats: Relationship with liver delta6-desaturase expression Schizophrenia research, ,

Rebholz, Sandra L; Burke, Katie T; Yang, Qing; Tso, Patrick; Woollett, Laura A 2011. Dietary fat impacts fetal growth and metabolism: uptake of chylomicron remnant core lipids by the placenta. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 301 2, E416-25

Shen, Ling; Wang, David Q-H; Tso, Patrick; Jandacek, Ronald J; Woods, Stephen C; Liu, Min 2011. Apolipoprotein E reduces food intake via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in the hypothalamus Physiology & Behavior, ,

Stefater, Margaret A; Sandoval, Darleen A; Chambers, Adam P; Wilson-Pérez, Hilary E; Hofmann, Susanna M; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J 2011. Sleeve gastrectomy in rats improves postprandial lipid clearance by reducing intestinal triglyceride secretion. Gastroenterology, 141 3, 939-949.e1-4

Dorsey, Jill; Buckley, Donna; Summer, Suzanne; Jandacek, Ronald J; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Narkewicz, Michael R; Heubi, James E 2010. Fat malabsorption in cystic fibrosis: comparison of quantitative fat assay and a novel assay using fecal lauric/behenic acid. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, 50 4, 441-6

Ellacott, Kate L J; Morton, Gregory J; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick; Schwartz, Michael W 2010. Assessment of feeding behavior in laboratory mice Cell metabolism, 12 1, 10-7

Kindel, Tammy L; Yoder, Stephanie M; D'Alessio, David A; Tso, Patrick 2010. The effect of duodenal-jejunal bypass on glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide secretion in Wistar rats. Obesity surgery, 20 6, 768-75

Kindel, Tammy; Lee, Dana M; Tso, Patrick 2010. The mechanism of the formation and secretion of chylomicrons. Atherosclerosis. Supplements, 11 1, 11-6

Kohan, Alison; Yoder, Stephanie; Tso, Patrick 2010. Lymphatics in intestinal transport of nutrients and gastrointestinal hormones Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1207 Suppl 1 , E44-51

Kohli, Rohit; Kirby, Michelle; Setchell, Kenneth D R; Jha, Pinky; Klustaitis, Kori; Woollett, Laura A; Pfluger, Paul T; Balistreri, William F; Tso, Patrick; Jandacek, Ronald J; Woods, Stephen C; Heubi, James E; Tschoep, Matthias H; D 2010. Intestinal adaptation after ileal interposition surgery increases bile acid recycling and protects against obesity-related comorbidities American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 299 3, G652-60

Lo, Chun-Min; King, Alexandra; Samuelson, Linda C; Kindel, Tammy Lyn; Rider, Therese; Jandacek, Ronald J; Raybould, Helen E; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2010. Cholecystokinin knockout mice are resistant to high-fat diet-induced obesity. Gastroenterology, 138 5, 1997-2005

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica A; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Jandacek, Ronald 2010. Effect of chronic fluoxetine treatment on male and female rat erythrocyte and prefrontal cortex fatty acid composition Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry, 34 7, 1317-21

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Eliassen, James C; Alfieri, David; Weber, Wade; Jarvis, Kelly; DelBello, Melissa P; Strakowski, Stephen M; Adler, Caleb M 2010. Docosahexaenoic acid supplementation increases prefrontal cortex activation during sustained attention in healthy boys: a placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, functional magnetic resonance imaging study. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 91 4, 1060-7

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Dwivedi, Yogesh; Pandey, Ghanshyam N 2010. Selective deficits in erythrocyte docosahexaenoic acid composition in adult patients with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder Journal of affective disorders, 126 1-2, 303-11

Shen, Ling; Wang, David Q-H; Lo, Chun-Min; Tso, Patrick; Davidson, W Sean; Woods, Stephen C; Liu, Min 2010. Estradiol increases the anorectic effect of central apolipoprotein A-IV Endocrinology, 151 7, 3163-8

Xiong, Ye; Shen, Ling; Liu, Kristina J; Tso, Patrick; Xiong, Yuqing; Wang, Guangji; Woods, Stephen C; Liu, Min 2010. Antiobesity and antihyperglycemic effects of ginsenoside Rb1 in rats Diabetes, 59 10, 2505-12

Yang, Li; Li, Xiaoming; Ji, Yong; Kohan, Alison B; Wang, David Q-H; Howles, Philip N; Hui, David Y; Lai, Jianghua; Tso, Patrick 2010. Effect of ezetimibe on incretin secretion in response to the intestinal absorption of a mixed meal American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 299 5, G1003-11

Yoder, Stephanie M; Kindel, Tammy L; Tso, Patrick 2010. Using the lymph fistula rat model to study incretin secretion. Vitamins and hormones, 84 , 221-49

Yoder, Stephanie M; Yang, Qing; Kindel, Tammy L; Tso, Patrick 2010. Differential responses of the incretin hormones GIP and GLP-1 to increasing doses of dietary carbohydrate but not dietary protein in lean rats American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 299 2, G476-85

Burke, Katie T; Horn, Paul S; Tso, Patrick; Heubi, James E; Woollett, Laura A 2009. Hepatic bile acid metabolism in the neonatal hamster: expansion of the bile acid pool parallels increased Cyp7a1 expression levels. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 297 1, G144-51

Jandacek, Ronald J; Rider, Therese; Yang, Qing; Woollett, Laura A; Tso, Patrick 2009. Lymphatic and portal vein absorption of organochlorine compounds in rats. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 296 2, G226-34

Kaplan, Kimberly; Dwivedi, Prabha; Davidson, Sean; Yang, Qing; Tso, Patrick; Siems, William; Hill, Herbert H 2009. Monitoring dynamic changes in lymph metabolome of fasting and fed rats by electrospray ionization-ion mobility mass spectrometry (ESI-IMMS). Analytical chemistry, 81 19, 7944-53

Kindel, Tammy L; Yang, Qing; Yoder, Stephanie M; Tso, Patrick 2009. Nutrient-driven incretin secretion into intestinal lymph is different between diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats and Wistar rats. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 296 2, G168-74

Kindel, Tammy L; Yoder, Stephanie M; Seeley, Randy J; D'Alessio, David A; Tso, Patrick 2009. Duodenal-jejunal exclusion improves glucose tolerance in the diabetic, Goto-Kakizaki rat by a GLP-1 receptor-mediated mechanism. Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract, 13 10, 1762-72

Liu, Yanhong; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; McNamara, Robert K 2009. Elevated delta-6 desaturase (FADS2) expression in the postmortem prefrontal cortex of schizophrenic patients: relationship with fatty acid composition. Schizophrenia research, 109 1-3, 113-20

Lo, Chun-Min; Xu, Min; Yang, Qing; Zheng, Shuqin; Carey, Katherine M; Tubb, Matthew R; Davidson, W Sean; Liu, Min; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2009. Effect of intraperitoneal and intravenous administration of cholecystokinin-8 and apolipoprotein AIV on intestinal lymphatic CCK-8 and apo AIV concentration. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 296 1, R43-50

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica A; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick 2009. Chronic risperidone treatment preferentially increases rat erythrocyte and prefrontal cortex omega-3 fatty acid composition: evidence for augmented biosynthesis. Schizophrenia research, 107 2-3, 150-7

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick 2009. Gender differences in rat erythrocyte and brain docosahexaenoic acid composition: role of ovarian hormones and dietary omega-3 fatty acid composition. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 34 4, 532-9

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick 2009. Inbred C57BL/6J and DBA/2J mouse strains exhibit constitutive differences in regional brain fatty acid composition. Lipids, 44 1, 1-8

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Lindquist, Diana M 2009. Perinatal n-3 fatty acid deficiency selectively reduces myo-inositol levels in the adult rat PFC: an in vivo (1)H-MRS study. Journal of lipid research, 50 3, 405-11

McNamara, Robert K; Able, Jessica; Liu, Yanhong; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Lipton, Jack W 2009. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency during perinatal development increases serotonin turnover in the prefrontal cortex and decreases midbrain tryptophan hydroxylase-2 expression in adult female rats: dissociation from estrogenic effects. Journal of psychiatric research, 43 6, 656-63

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Dwivedi, Yogesh; Roberts, Rosalinda C; Conley, Robert R; Pandey, Ghanshyam N 2009. Fatty acid composition of the postmortem prefrontal cortex of adolescent male and female suicide victims. Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 80 1, 19-26

Shen, Ling; Tso, Patrick; Wang, David Q-H; Woods, Stephen C; Davidson, W Sean; Sakai, Randall; Liu, Min 2009. Up-regulation of apolipoprotein E by leptin in the hypothalamus of mice and rats. Physiology & behavior, 98 1-2, 223-8

Yoder, Stephanie M; Yang, Qing; Kindel, Tammy L; Tso, Patrick 2009. Stimulation of incretin secretion by dietary lipid: is it dose dependent? American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 297 2, G299-305

Battle, Michele A; Bondow, Benjamin J; Iverson, Moriah A; Adams, Scott J; Jandacek, Ronald J; Tso, Patrick; Duncan, Stephen A 2008. GATA4 is essential for jejunal function in mice. Gastroenterology, 135 5, 1676-1686.e1

Labonté, Eric D; Camarota, Lisa M; Rojas, Juan C; Jandacek, Ronald J; Gilham, Dean E; Davies, Joanna P; Ioannou, Yiannis A; Tso, Patrick; Hui, David Y; Howles, Philip N 2008. Reduced absorption of saturated fatty acids and resistance to diet-induced obesity and diabetes by ezetimibe-treated and Npc1l1-/- mice. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 295 4, G776-83

Lo, Chun-Min; Samuelson, Linda C; Chambers, James Brad; King, Alexandra; Heiman, Justin; Jandacek, Ronald J; Sakai, Randall R; Benoit, Stephen C; Raybould, Helen E; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2008. Characterization of mice lacking the gene for cholecystokinin. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 294 3, R803-10

Lu, Wendell J; Yang, Qing; Sun, William; Woods, Stephen C; D'Alessio, David; Tso, Patrick 2008. Using the lymph fistula rat model to study the potentiation of GIP secretion by the ingestion of fat and glucose. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 294 5, G1130-8

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Stanford, Kevin E; Hahn, Chang-Gyu; Richtand, Neil M 2008. Deficits in docosahexaenoic acid and associated elevations in the metabolism of arachidonic acid and saturated fatty acids in the postmortem orbitofrontal cortex of patients with bipolar disorder. Psychiatry research, 160 3, 285-99

McNamara, Robert K; Sullivan, Juliana; Richtand, Neil M; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Campbell, Nick; Lipton, Jack 2008. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency augments amphetamine-induced behavioral sensitization in adult DBA/2J mice: relationship with ventral striatum dopamine concentrations. Synapse (New York, N.Y.), 62 10, 725-35

Shen, Ling; Pearson, Kevin J; Xiong, Ye; Lo, Chun-Min; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Davidson, W Sean; Liu, Min 2008. Characterization of apolipoprotein A-IV in brain areas involved in energy homeostasis. Physiology & behavior, 95 1-2, 161-7

Shen, Ling; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Clegg, Deborah J; Barber, Kyna L; Carey, Katherine; Liu, Min 2008. Brain apolipoprotein E: an important regulator of food intake in rats. Diabetes, 57 8, 2092-8

Tubb, Matthew R; Silva, R A Gangani D; Fang, Jianwen; Tso, Patrick; Davidson, W Sean 2008. A three-dimensional homology model of lipid-free apolipoprotein A-IV using cross-linking and mass spectrometry. The Journal of biological chemistry, 283 25, 17314-23

D'Alessio, David; Lu, Wendell; Sun, William; Zheng, Shuqin; Yang, Qing; Seeley, Randy; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2007. Fasting and postprandial concentrations of GLP-1 in intestinal lymph and portal plasma: evidence for selective release of GLP-1 in the lymph system. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 293 6, R2163-9

Jandacek, Ronald J; Tso, Patrick 2007. Enterohepatic circulation of organochlorine compounds: a site for nutritional intervention. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 18 3, 163-7

Lo, Chun Min; Zhang, Dian Ming; Pearson, Kevin; Ma, Liyun; Sun, William; Sakai, Randall R; Davidson, W Sean; Liu, Min; Raybould, Helen E; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2007. Interaction of apolipoprotein AIV with cholecystokinin on the control of food intake. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 293 4, R1490-4

Lo, Chun-Min; Ma, Liyun; Zhang, Dian Ming; Lee, Rachel; Qin, Abby; Liu, Min; Woods, Stephen C; Sakai, Randall R; Raybould, Helen E; Tso, Patrick 2007. Mechanism of the induction of brain c-Fos-positive neurons by lipid absorption. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 292 1, R268-73

McNamara, Robert K; Hahn, Chang-Gyu; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Stanford, Kevin E; Richtand, Neil M 2007. Selective deficits in the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid in the postmortem orbitofrontal cortex of patients with major depressive disorder. Biological psychiatry, 62 1, 17-24

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Hahn, Chang-Gyu; Richtand, Neil M; Stanford, Kevin E 2007. Abnormalities in the fatty acid composition of the postmortem orbitofrontal cortex of schizophrenic patients: gender differences and partial normalization with antipsychotic medications. Schizophrenia research, 91 1-3, 37-50

Shen, Ling; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Sakai, Randall R; Davidson, W Sean; Liu, Min 2007. Hypothalamic apolipoprotein A-IV is regulated by leptin. Endocrinology, 148 6, 2681-9

Tubb, Matthew R; Silva, R A Gangani D; Pearson, Kevin J; Tso, Patrick; Liu, Min; Davidson, W Sean 2007. Modulation of apolipoprotein A-IV lipid binding by an interaction between the N and C termini. The Journal of biological chemistry, 282 39, 28385-94

Duncan, Elizabeth A; Rider, Therese R; Jandacek, Ronald J; Clegg, Deborah J; Benoit, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C 2006. The regulation of alcohol intake by melanin-concentrating hormone in rats. Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 85 4, 728-35

Gotoh, Koro; Liu, Min; Benoit, Stephen C; Clegg, Deborah J; Davidson, W Sean; D'Alessio, David; Seeley, Randy J; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C 2006. Apolipoprotein A-IV interacts synergistically with melanocortins to reduce food intake. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 290 1, R202-7

Nauli, Andromeda M; Nassir, Fatiha; Zheng, Shuqin; Yang, Qing; Lo, Chun-Min; Vonlehmden, Sarah B; Lee, Dana; Jandacek, Ronald J; Abumrad, Nada A; Tso, Patrick 2006. CD36 is important for chylomicron formation and secretion and may mediate cholesterol uptake in the proximal intestine. Gastroenterology, 131 4, 1197-207

Trevaskis, Natalie L; Tso, Patrick; Rider, Therese; Charman, William N; Porter, Christopher J H; Jandacek, Ronald 2006. Tissue uptake of DDT is independent of chylomicron metabolism. Archives of toxicology, 80 4, 196-200

Jandacek, Ronald J; Anderson, Nicole; Liu, Min; Zheng, Shuqin; Yang, Qing; Tso, Patrick 2005. Effects of yo-yo diet, caloric restriction, and olestra on tissue distribution of hexachlorobenzene. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 288 2, G292-9

Pearson, Kevin; Liu, Min; Shen, Ling; Tso, Patrick; Davidson, W Sean 2005. Bacterial expression and characterization of rat apolipoprotein E. Protein expression and purification, 41 2, 447-53

Pearson, Kevin; Tubb, Matthew R; Tanaka, Masafumi; Zhang, Xiu Qi; Tso, Patrick; Weinberg, Richard B; Davidson, W Sean 2005. Specific sequences in the N and C termini of apolipoprotein A-IV modulate its conformation and lipid association. The Journal of biological chemistry, 280 46, 38576-82

Proulx, Karine; Cota, Daniela; Castañeda, Tamara R; Tschöp, Matthias H; D'Alessio, David A; Tso, Patrick; Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J 2005. Mechanisms of oleoylethanolamide-induced changes in feeding behavior and motor activity. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 289 3, R729-37

Qin, Xiaofa; Shen, Hui; Liu, Min; Yang, Qing; Zheng, Shuqin; Sabo, Mary; D'Alessio, David A; Tso, Patrick 2005. GLP-1 reduces intestinal lymph flow, triglyceride absorption, and apolipoprotein production in rats. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 288 5, G943-9

Redgrave, Trevor G; Wallace, Peter; Jandacek, Ronald J; Tso, Patrick 2005. Treatment with a dietary fat substitute decreased Arochlor 1254 contamination in an obese diabetic male. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 16 6, 383-4

Jandacek, Ronald J; Heubi, James E; Tso, Patrick 2004. A novel, noninvasive method for the measurement of intestinal fat absorption. Gastroenterology, 127 1, 139-44

Jandacek, Ronald J; Zheng, Shuqin; Yang, Qing; Tso, Patrick 2004. Rapid clearance of hexachlorobenzene from chylomicrons. Lipids, 39 10, 993-5

Liu, Min; Shen, Ling; Liu, Yin; Tajima, Daisuke; Sakai, Randall; Woods, Stephen C; Tso, Patrick 2004. Diurnal rhythm of apolipoprotein A-IV in rat hypothalamus and its relation to food intake and corticosterone. Endocrinology, 145 7, 3232-8

Liu, Min; Shen, Ling; Liu, Yin; Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J; D'Alessio, David; Tso, Patrick 2004. Obesity induced by a high-fat diet downregulates apolipoprotein A-IV gene expression in rat hypothalamus. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 287 2, E366-70

Pearson, Kevin; Saito, Hiroyuki; Woods, Stephen C; Lund-Katz, Sissel; Tso, Patrick; Phillips, Michael C; Davidson, W Sean 2004. Structure of human apolipoprotein A-IV: a distinct domain architecture among exchangeable apolipoproteins with potential functional implications. Biochemistry, 43 33, 10719-29

Tso, Patrick; Liu, Min 2004. Apolipoprotein A-IV, food intake, and obesity. Physiology & behavior, 83 4, 631-43

Tso, Patrick; Liu, Min 2004. Ingested fat and satiety. Physiology & behavior, 81 2, 275-87

Tso, Patrick; Sun, William; Liu, Min 2004. Gastrointestinal satiety signals IV. Apolipoprotein A-IV. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 286 6, G885-90

Vowinkel, Thorsten; Mori, Mikiji; Krieglstein, Christian F; Russell, Janice; Saijo, Fumito; Bharwani, Sulaiman; Turnage, Richard H; Davidson, W Sean; Tso, Patrick; Granger, D Neil; Kalogeris, Theodore J 2004. Apolipoprotein A-IV inhibits experimental colitis. The Journal of clinical investigation, 114 2, 260-9

Woods, Stephen C; D'Alessio, David A; Tso, Patrick; Rushing, Paul A; Clegg, Deborah J; Benoit, Stephen C; Gotoh, Koro; Liu, Min; Seeley, Randy J 2004. Consumption of a high-fat diet alters the homeostatic regulation of energy balance. Physiology & behavior, 83 4, 573-8

Woollett, Laura A; Buckley, Donna D; Yao, Lihang; Jones, Peter J H; Granholm, Norman A; Tolley, Elizabeth A; Tso, Patrick; Heubi, James E 2004. Cholic acid supplementation enhances cholesterol absorption in humans. Gastroenterology, 126 3, 724-31

Clegg, Deborah J; Benoit, Stephen C; Air, Ellen L; Jackman, Alana; Tso, Patrick; D'Alessio, David; Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J 2003. Increased dietary fat attenuates the anorexic effects of intracerebroventricular injections of MTII. Endocrinology, 144 7, 2941-6

Liu, Min; Doi, Takashi; Tso, Patrick 2003. Regulation of intestinal and hypothalamic apolipoprotein A-IV. Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 228 10, 1181-9

Liu, Min; Maiorano, Nick; Shen, Ling; Pearson, Kevin; Tajima, Daisuke; Zhang, Dian Ming; Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J; Davidson, W Sean; Tso, Patrick 2003. Expression of biologically active rat apolipoprotein AIV in Escherichia coli. Physiology & behavior, 78 1, 149-55

Liu, Min; Shen, Ling; Doi, Takashi; Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J; Tso, Patrick 2003. Neuropeptide Y and lipid increase apolipoprotein AIV gene expression in rat hypothalamus. Brain research, 971 2, 232-8

Nauli, Andromeda M; Zheng, Shuqin; Yang, Qing; Li, Ronggui; Jandacek, Ronald; Tso, Patrick 2003. Intestinal alkaline phosphatase release is not associated with chylomicron formation. American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 284 4, G583-7

Woods, Stephen C; Seeley, Randy J; Rushing, Paul A; D'Alessio, David; Tso, Patrick 2003. A controlled high-fat diet induces an obese syndrome in rats. The Journal of nutrition, 133 4, 1081-7

Kirby, R Jason; Zheng, Shuqin; Tso, Patrick; Howles, Philip N; Hui, David Y 2002. Bile salt-stimulated carboxyl ester lipase influences lipoprotein assembly and secretion in intestine: a process mediated via ceramide hydrolysis. The Journal of biological chemistry, 277 6, 4104-9

Tso, Patrick; Ding, Kexi; DeMichele, Stephen; Huang, Yung-Sheng 2002. Intestinal absorption and lymphatic transport of a high gamma-linolenic acid canola oil in lymph fistula Sprague-Dawley rats. The Journal of nutrition, 132 2, 218-21

Yao, Lihang; Heubi, James E; Buckley, Donna D; Fierra, Humberto; Setchell, Kenneth D R; Granholm, Norman A; Tso, Patrick; Hui, David Y; Woollett, Laura A 2002. Separation of micelles and vesicles within lumenal aspirates from healthy humans: solubilization of cholesterol after a meal. Journal of lipid research, 43 4, 654-60

Hofacer, Rylon; Magrisso, I Jack; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Benoit, Stephen C; McNamara, Robert K . Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency increases stearoyl-CoA desaturase expression and activity indices in rat liver: positive association with non-fasting plasma triglyceride levels. Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 86 1-2, 71-7

McNamara, Robert K; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick; Cole-Strauss, Allyson; Lipton, Jack W . Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency increases constitutive pro-inflammatory cytokine production in rats: relationship with central serotonin turnover Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 83 4-6, 185-91

McNamara, Robert K; Liu, Yanhong; Jandacek, Ronald; Rider, Therese; Tso, Patrick . The aging human orbitofrontal cortex: decreasing polyunsaturated fatty acid composition and associated increases in lipogenic gene expression and stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity. Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 78 4-5, 293-304