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Department of

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Photo of  J.Paul Willging, MD

J.Paul Willging, MD

Professor

Education/Credentials
  • Bachelor of Science: University of Cincinnati
  • Medical Degree: University of Cincinnati
Contact Information

Peer Reviewed Publications

Miller, Claire Kane; Willging, Jay Paul 2019. Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing in Infants and Children: Protocol, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy: 25 Years of Experience. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, , 3489419893720

Propst, Evan J; Wolter, Nikolaus E; Ishman, Stacey L; Balakrishnan, Karthik; Deonarain, Ashley R; Mehta, Deepak; Zalzal, George; Pransky, Seth M; Roy, Soham; Myer, Charles M; Torre, Michele; Johnson, Romaine F; Ludemann, Jeffrey P; Derkay, Craig S; Chun, Robert H; Hong, Paul; Molter, David W; Prager, Jeremy D; Nguyen, Lily H P; Rutter, Michael J; Myer, Charles M; Zur, Karen B; Sidell, Douglas R; Johnson, Liane B; Cotton, Robin T; Hart, Catherine K; Willging, J Paul; Zdanski, Carlton J; Manoukian, John J; Lam, Derek J; Bauman, Nancy M; Gantwerker, Eric A; Husein, Murad; Inglis, Andrew F; Green, Glenn E; Javia, Luv Ram; Schraff, Scott; Soma, Marlene A; Deutsch, Ellen S; Sobol, Steven E; Ida, Jonathan B; Choi, Sukgi; Uwiera, Trina C; Shah, Udayan K; White, David R; Wootten, Christopher T; El-Hakim, Hamdy; Bromwich, Matthew A; Richter, Gresham T; Vijayasekaran, Shyan; Smith, Marshall E; Vaccani, Jean-Philippe; Hartnick, Christopher J; Faucett, Erynne A 2019. Competency-Based Assessment Tool for Pediatric Tracheotomy: International Modified Delphi Consensus. The Laryngoscope, ,

Subramaniam, Dhananjay Radhakrishnan; Willging, J Paul; Gutmark, Ephraim J; Oren, Liran 2019. How design characteristics of tracheostomy tubes affect the cannula and tracheal flows. The Laryngoscope, 129 8, 1791-1799

Miller, Claire Kane; Rutter, Michael J; von Allmen, Daniel; Stoops, Marilyn; Putnam, Philip; Stevens, Luann; Willging, J Paul 2016. Swallowing dynamics status post caustic ingestion in a pediatric patient: A multidisciplinary case report. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 86 , 4-8

Myer, Charles M; Howell, Rebecca J; Cohen, Aliza P; Willging, J Paul; Ishman, Stacey L 2016. A Systematic Review of Patient- or Proxy-Reported Validated Instruments Assessing Pediatric Dysphagia. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 154 5, 817-23

Willging, J Paul 2015. Obstructive sleep apnea. Advances in oto-rhino-laryngology, 76 , 86-8

Willging, J Paul 2015. Persistent velopharyngeal insufficiency. Advances in oto-rhino-laryngology, 76 , 81-5

Miller, Claire Kane; Kelchner, Lisa N; de Alarcon, Alessandro; Willging, J Paul 2014. Compensatory laryngeal function and airway protection in children following airway reconstruction. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 123 5, 305-13

Myer, Charles M; Willging, Jay P; Choo, Daniel I; Pensak, Myles L 2014. Duty bound. The Laryngoscope, 124 7, 1507-8

Sidell, Douglas R; Balakrishnan, Karthik; Hart, Catherine K; Willging, J Paul; Knecht, Sandra K; de Alarcon, Alessandro 2014. Pediatric Exercise Stress Laryngoscopy following Laryngotracheoplasty: A Comparative Review. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 150 6, 1056-1061

Subramanyam, Rajeev; Varughese, Anna; Willging, J Paul; Sadhasivam, Senthilkumar 2013. Future of pediatric tonsillectomy and perioperative outcomes. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 77 2, 194-9

Averin, Konstantin; Uzark, Karen; Beekman, Robert H; Willging, J Paul; Pratt, Jesse; Manning, Peter B 2012. Postoperative assessment of laryngopharyngeal dysfunction in neonates after Norwood operation. The Annals of thoracic surgery, 94 4, 1257-61

Propst, Evan J; Prager, Jeremy D; Adams, Janet M; Arjmand, Ellis M; Willging, J Paul; Samy, Ravi N 2010. A preliminary investigation of four-dimensional ultrasound for evaluation of middle ear ossicles: an in vitro study. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 74 9, 1028-33

Sadhasivam, Senthilkumar; Cohen, Lindsey L; Hosu, Liana; Gorman, Kristin L; Wang, Yu; Nick, Todd G; Jou, Jing Fang; Samol, Nancy; Szabova, Alexandra; Hagerman, Nancy; Hein, Elizabeth; Boat, Anne; Varughese, Anna; Kurth, Charles Dean; Willging, J Paul; Gunter, Joel B 2010. Real-time assessment of perioperative behaviors in children and parents: development and validation of the perioperative adult child behavioral interaction scale. Anesthesia and analgesia, 110 4, 1109-15

Schraff, Scott A; Brumbaugh, Cheryl; Meinzen-Derr, Jareen; Willging, J Paul 2010. The significance of post-operative fever following airway reconstruction. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 74 5, 520-2

Statham, Melissa McCarty; Willging, J Paul 2010. Automated high-level disinfection of nonchanneled flexible endoscopes: duty cycles and endoscope repair. The Laryngoscope, 120 10, 1946-9

Bromwich, Matthew; Murugappan, Shanmugam; Willging, J Paul 2009. Adding the third dimension--a new tool for constructing 3D models of the airway from 2D bronchoscopic video. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 73 9, 1202-7

Gunter, Joel B; Willging, J Paul; Myer, Charles M 2009. Dexamethasone and postoperative bleeding after tonsillectomy in children. JAMA, 301 17, 1764-5; author reply

Mihaescu, Mihai; Gutmark, Ephraim; Murugappan, Shanmugam; Elluru, Ravindhra; Cohen, Aliza; Willging, J Paul 2009. Modeling flow in a compromised pediatric airway breathing air and heliox. The Laryngoscope, 119 1, 145-51

Miller, Claire Kane; Linck, Jessica; Willging, Jay Paul 2009. Duration and extent of dysphagia following pediatric airway reconstruction. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 73 4, 573-9

Schwartz, Seth R; Cohen, Seth M; Dailey, Seth H; Rosenfeld, Richard M; Deutsch, Ellen S; Gillespie, M Boyd; Granieri, Evelyn; Hapner, Edie R; Kimball, C Eve; Krouse, Helene J; McMurray, J Scott; Medina, Safdar; O'Brien, Karen; Ouellette, Daniel R; Messinger-Rapport, Barbara J; Stachler, Robert J; Strode, Steven; Thompson, Dana M; Stemple, Joseph C; Willging, J Paul; Cowley, Terrie; McCoy, Scott; Bernad, Peter G; Patel, Milesh M 2009. Clinical practice guideline: hoarseness (dysphonia). Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 141 3 Suppl 2, S1-S31

Wootten, C T; Goudy, S L; Rutter, M J; Willging, J P; Cotton, R T 2009. Airway injury complicating excision of thyroglossal duct cysts. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 73 6, 797-801

Mihaescu, Mihai; Gutmark, Ephraim; Murugappan, Shanmugam; Elluru, Ravindhra; Cohen, Aliza; Willging, J Paul 2008. Modeling flow in a compromised pediatric airway breathing air and heliox. The Laryngoscope, 118 12, 2205-11

Richter, Gresham T; Willging, J Paul 2008. Suction cautery and electrosurgical risks in otolaryngology. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 72 7, 1013-21

Sie, Kathleen C Y; Starr, Jacqueline R; Bloom, David C; Cunningham, Michael; de Serres, Lianne M; Drake, Amelia F; Elluru, Ravindhra G; Haddad, Joseph; Hartnick, Christopher; Macarthur, Carol; Milczuk, Henry A; Muntz, Harlan R; Perkins, Jonathan A; Senders, Craig; Smith, Marshall E; Tollefson, Travis; Willging, Jay Paul; Zdanski, Carlton J 2008. Multicenter interrater and intrarater reliability in the endoscopic evaluation of velopharyngeal insufficiency. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 134 7, 757-63

Statham, Melissa McCarty; Mehta, Deepak; Willging, J Paul 2008. Cervical thymic remnants in children. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 72 12, 1807-13

Goold, A L; Koch, B L; Willging, J P 2007. Lingual hamartoma in an infant: CT and MR imaging. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 28 1, 30-1

Miller, Claire Kane; Willging, J Paul 2007. The implications of upper-airway obstruction on successful infant feeding. Seminars in speech and language, 28 3, 190-203

Boesch, R P; Daines, C; Willging, J P; Kaul, A; Cohen, A P; Wood, R E; Amin, R S 2006. Advances in the diagnosis and management of chronic pulmonary aspiration in children. The European respiratory journal, 28 4, 847-61

Mehta, Deepak; Willging, Jay Paul 2006. Pediatric salivary gland lesions. Seminars in pediatric surgery, 15 2, 76-84

Boston, Mark; Ruwe, Elizabeth; Duggins, Angie; Willging, J Paul 2005. Internet use by parents of children undergoing outpatient otolaryngology procedures. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 131 8, 719-22

Burkart, Collin M; Brinkman, J Andrew; Willging, J Paul; Elluru, Ravindhra G 2005. Lingual cyst lined by squamous epithelium. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 69 12, 1649-53

Thompson, Dana M; Rutter, Michael J; Rudolph, Colin D; Willging, J Paul; Cotton, Robin T 2005. Altered laryngeal sensation: a potential cause of apnea of infancy. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 114 4, 258-63

White, David R; Preciado, Diego A; Stamper, Becky; Willging, J Paul; Myer, Charles M; Cotton, Robin T; Rutter, Michael J 2005. Airway reconstruction in pediatric burn patients. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 133 3, 362-5

Willging, J Paul; Thompson, Dana M 2005. Pediatric FEESST: fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing with sensory testing. Current gastroenterology reports, 7 3, 240-3

Miller, Robert Sean; Willging, J Paul; Rutter, Michael J; Rookkapan, Korpong 2004. Chronic esophageal foreign bodies in pediatric patients: a retrospective review. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 68 3, 265-72

Preciado, Diego A; Rutter, Michael J; Greenberg, James M; Bahado-Singh, Ray; Lambers, Donna; Willging, J Paul 2004. Intrapartum management of severe fetal airway obstruction. The Journal of otolaryngology, 33 5, 283-8

Rutter, Michael J; Willging, J Paul; Cotton, Robin T 2004. Nonoperative management of complete tracheal rings. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 130 4, 450-2

Hartnick, Christopher J; Brigger, Matthew T; Willging, J Paul; Cotton, Robin T; Myer, Charles M 2003. Surgery for pediatric vocal cord paralysis: a retrospective review. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 112 1, 1-6

Lim, Lynne H Y; Hartnick, Christopher J; Willging, J Paul 2003. A rare case of combined type I and II first branchial sinus. Journal of pediatric surgery, 38 10, E12-3

Miller, Claire Kane; Willging, Jay Paul 2003. Advances in the evaluation and management of pediatric dysphagia. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 11 6, 442-6

Willging, J Paul 2003. Velopharyngeal insufficiency. Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery, 11 6, 452-5

Willging, J Paul; Wiatrak, Brian J 2003. Harmonic scalpel tonsillectomy in children: a randomized prospective study. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 128 3, 318-25

Amin, Raouf S; Kimball, Thomas R; Bean, Judy A; Jeffries, Jenny L; Willging, J Paul; Cotton, Robin T; Witt, Sandra A; Glascock, Betty J; Daniels, Steven R 2002. Left ventricular hypertrophy and abnormal ventricular geometry in children and adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 165 10, 1395-9

Hartnick, Christopher J; Rutter, Michael; Lang, Florian; Willging, J Paul; Cotton, Robin T 2002. Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome and airway reconstruction: an evolving paradigm. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 128 5, 567-70

Wiatrak, Brian J; Willging, J Paul 2002. Harmonic scalpel for tonsillectomy. The Laryngoscope, 112 8 Pt 2 Suppl 100, 14-6

Hartnick, C J; Hartley, B E; Lacy, P D; Liu, J; Bean, J A; Willging, J P; Myer, C M; Cotton, R T 2001. Topical mitomycin application after laryngotracheal reconstruction: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 127 10, 1260-4

Hartnick, C J; Hartley, B E; Lacy, P D; Liu, J; Willging, J P; Myer, C M; Cotton, R T 2001. Surgery for pediatric subglottic stenosis: disease-specific outcomes. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 110 12, 1109-13

Hartnick, C J; Rudolph, C; Willging, J P; Holland, S K 2001. Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the pediatric swallow: imaging the cortex and the brainstem. The Laryngoscope, 111 7, 1183-91

Liu, J H; Anderson, K E; Willging, J P; Myer, C M; Shott, S R; Bratcher, G O; Cotton, R T 2001. Posttonsillectomy hemorrhage: what is it and what should be recorded? Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 127 10, 1271-5

McMurray, J S; Gerber, M; Stern, Y; Walner, D; Rudolph, C; Willging, J P; Cotton, R T 2001. Role of laryngoscopy, dual pH probe monitoring, and laryngeal mucosal biopsy in the diagnosis of pharyngoesophageal reflux. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 110 4, 299-304

Hartnick, C J; Hartley, B E; Miller, C; Willging, J P 2000. Pediatric fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 109 11, 996-9

Hartnick, C J; Shott, S; Willging, J P; Myer, C M 2000. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus otorrhea after tympanostomy tube placement: an emerging concern. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 126 12, 1440-3

Link, D T; Willging, J P; Miller, C K; Cotton, R T; Rudolph, C D 2000. Pediatric laryngopharyngeal sensory testing during flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing: feasible and correlative. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 109 10 Pt 1, 899-905

Liu, J H; Rutter, M J; Choo, D I; Willging, J P 2000. Congenital cholesteatoma of the middle ear. Clinical pediatrics, 39 9, 549-51

Mukherjee, N; Roseman, R D; Willging, J P 2000. The piezoelectric cochlear implant: concept, feasibility, challenges, and issues. Journal of biomedical materials research, 53 2, 181-7

Stern, Y; McCall, J E; Willging, J P; Mueller, K L; Cotton, R T 2000. Spontaneous respiration anesthesia for respiratory papillomatosis. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 109 1, 72-6

Truitt, T O; Adelman, R A; Kelly, D H; Willging, J P 2000. Quantitative endoscopy: initial accuracy measurements. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 109 2, 128-32

Willging, J P 2000. Benefit of feeding assessment before pediatric airway reconstruction. The Laryngoscope, 110 5 Pt 1, 825-34

Link, D T; Rutter, M J; Liu, J H; Willging, J P; Myer, C M; Cotton, R T 1999. Pediatric type I thyroplasty: an evolving procedure. The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 108 12, 1105-10

Myer, C M; Willging, J P; McMurray, S; Cotton, R T 1999. Use of a laryngeal micro resector system. The Laryngoscope, 109 7 Pt 1, 1165-6

Walner, D L; Cotton, R T; Willging, J P; Bove, K E; Toriumi, D M 1999. Model for evaluating the effect of growth factors on the larynx. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 120 1, 78-83

Willging, J P 1999. Velopharyngeal insufficiency. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 49 Suppl 1 , S307-9

Clemens, J; McMurray, J S; Willging, J P 1998. Electrocautery versus curette adenoidectomy: comparison of postoperative results. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 43 2, 115-22

Myer, C M; Reed, J M; Cotton, R T; Willging, J P; Shott, S R 1998. Airway management in Pierre Robin sequence. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 118 5, 630-5

Stern, Y; Mueller, K; Willging, J P; Myer, C M; Cotton, R T 1998. S-phase fraction as a predictor of prognosis in juvenile respiratory papillomatosis. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 124 5, 541-4

Stern, Y; Willging, J P; Cotton, R T 1998. Use of Montgomery T-tube in laryngotracheal reconstruction in children: is it safe? The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 107 12, 1006-9

Stern, Y; Willging, J P; Cotton, R T 1998. Treatment of chronic aspiration secondary to laryngeal stent by endoscopic capping. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 124 1, 93-4

Walner, D L; Falciglia, M; Willging, J P; Myer, C M 1998. The role of second-look nasal endoscopy after pediatric functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 124 4, 425-8

Kelley, D J; Gerber, M E; Willging, J P 1997. Cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 39 2, 139-46

Deutsch, M D; Kriss, V M; Willging, J P 1995. Distance between the tonsillar fossa and internal carotid artery in children. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 121 12, 1410-2

Gunter, J B; Varughese, A M; Harrington, J F; Wittkugel, E P; Patankar, S S; Matar, M M; Lowe, E E; Myer, C M; Willging, J P 1995. Recovery and complications after tonsillectomy in children: a comparison of ketorolac and morphine. Anesthesia and analgesia, 81 6, 1136-41

Willging, J P 1995. Endoscopic evaluation of swallowing in children. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 32 Suppl , S107-8

Pensak, M L; Willging, J P; Keith, R W 1994. Intraoperative facial nerve monitoring in chronic ear surgery: a resident training experience. The American journal of otology, 15 1, 108-10

Cotton, R T; Myer, C M; Shott, S R; Willging, J P 1993. Pediatric sinusitis is not a surgical disease. Ear, nose, & throat journal, 72 4, 306

Keith, R W; Kereiakes, T J; Willging, J P; Devine, J 1992. Evaluation of cochlear function in a patient with "far-advanced" otosclerosis. The American journal of otology, 13 4, 347-9

Willging, J P; Bower, C M; Cotton, R T 1992. Physical abuse of children. A retrospective review and an otolaryngology perspective. Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery, 118 6, 584-90

Holloway, M K; Wason, S; Willging, J P; Myer, C M; Wood, B P 1991. Radiological case of the month. A pediatric case of Eagle's syndrome. American journal of diseases of children (1960), 145 3, 339-40

Willging, J P; Pensak, M L 1991. Temporal bone resection. Ear, nose, & throat journal, 70 9, 612-7

Cotton R.; Thompson D.; Willging J. 12-01-2012. Lesions of the Larynx, Trachea, and Upper Airway Pediatric Surgery, , 837-854

De Alarcon A.; Kelchner L.; Miller C.; Pentiuk S.; Willging J. 12-01-2012. Feeding, swallowing, and voice disorders Kendig and Chernick's Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children, , 957-965

Elluru R.; Gutmark E.; Mih?escu M.; Willging J. 12-01-2009. Large Eddy Simulation of the flow in a pediatric airway with subglottic stenosis 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, ,

Willging J. 12-01-2009. Superiorly based pharyngeal flap and posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 20 4, 268-273

Link D.; Rudolph C.; Willging J. 12-01-1999. Swallowing disorders in children Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 7 6, 313-319

Willging J. 12-01-1999. The effect of subglottic stenosis on voice in children Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 7 3, 130-132

Willging J. 12-01-1997. Functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing safety Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 5 6, 387-390

Gunter J.; Myer C.; Willging J. 05-06-2009. To the editor JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 301 17, 1764-1765

Miller C.; Steffen A.; Willging J. 04-05-2010. The implications of upper-airway obstruction on successful infant feeding Sprache Stimme Gehor, 34 1, 31-38

Miller C.; Willging J. 01-01-2019. Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing in Infants and Children: Protocol, Safety, and Clinic Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, ,

Boat A.; Cohen L.; Gorman K.; Gunter J.; Hagerman N.; Hein E.; Hosu L.; Jou J.; Kurth C.; Nick T.; Sadhasivam S.; Samol N.; Szabova A.; Varughese A.; Wang Y.; Willging J. 01-01-2010. Real-time assessment of perioperative behaviors in children and parents: Development and validation Anesthesia and Analgesia, 110 4, 1109-1115

Cotton R.; Hartnick C.; Lang F.; Rutter M.; Willging J. 01-01-2002. Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome and airway reconstruction: An evolving paradigm Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 128 5, 567-570

Wiatrak B.; Willging J. 01-01-2002. Ultrasonic (harmonic) scalpel tonsillectomy Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 13 1, 65-67

Willging J. 01-01-2000. Benefit of feeding assessment before pediatric airway reconstruction Laryngoscope, 110 5, 131

Myer C.; Ramadan H.; Walner D.; Willging J. 01-01-1998. Second-look endoscopic sinus surgery [2] (multiple letters) Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 124 12, 1389

Bailey C.; Cotton R.; Hoeve H.; Narcy P.; Verwoerd-Verhoef H.; Willging J. 01-01-1995. Laryngotracheal disorders International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 32 , S87

Cotton R.; Willging J. 01-01-1995. Surgical Management of Velopharyngeal Insufficiency Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, 112 5, P144

Cotton R.; Willging J. 01-01-1995. Avoiding Velopharyngeal Insufficiency After Adenoidectomy Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, 112 5, P132

Myer C.; Willging J. 01-01-1995. Head and Neck Masses in Children Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, 112 5, P142

Cotton R.; Willging J. 01-01-1992. Ear, nose, and throat surgery in children Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 4 3, 497-502